The purpose of this study was to examine on the relationship among stressful life events, maternal- fetal attachment behaviors and childbirth variables(the weight gain of the mother during pregnancy, pregnancy-induced complication, the period of the pregnancy, the weight of the neonate).
The number of subjects was 133 parturient women at two local general hospitals and one university hospital in Kwangju. The research design was a retrospective survey using by the questionnaire. Data were collected by interviewing subjects from February, 15 to March, 15.1998.
Measurement tool of stressful life events developed by Lee(1988) and Cranley’s maternal-fetal attachment scale modified by Kim( 1991) were adopted.
Data were processed using SAS/PC+ and analyzed in terms of percentage, t-test，ANOVA, and pearson’s correlation coefficient.
The results were summarized as follows:
1). The mean score of stressful life events was 1.26poinls. Stressful life events were related to the lower education(F-5.09, p<.01), the low income(F=6.60, p<.001), a period of marriages or more years(F=3.50, p<.05), the unsatisfied the marital relation(F=13.13, p<.001)
2). The high stressful life events were related to the experience of abortion(t=-2.42, p<.05) and the low weight gain of the mother during pregnancy(F=2.79, p<.05). The mean score of maternal-fetal attachment behaviors was 3.47points. Maternal-fetal attachment behavior was high in the taekyo group(F=7.94, p<.001).
3). The correlation between stressful life events and maternal-fetal attachment behaviors was not statistically significant.
4). The mean scores of stressful life events were high in the pregnancy-induced hypertension(t=-2.53, p<.05) and severe hyperemesis gravidarum(t=-232, p<.05).
5). Stressful life events and the weight gain of the mother during pregnancy was negatively correlated(r=-0.178, p<.05). The correlation among stressful life events, the period of the pregnancy and the weight of the neonate were not statistically significant
The pregnancy-induced hypertension and severe hyperemesis gravidarum were negatively affected by the experience degree of stressful life events. As the experience degree of stressful life events became higher, the scores of the weight gain of the mother during pregnancy became lower.