Purpose: The purpose of this study Is to identify the influencing factors in a crisis state with considering the relationship between influencing factors, and to test its fitness empirically. Method: A hypothetical model of this study was consisted of 8 theoretical variables and 11 measurable variables with 15 constructed paths. The data from the 229 middle school students at crisis state were analyzed to test the hypothetical model by using covariance structure analysis. Result: 1) The overall fitness indices of the hypothetical model indicate a good fitness; x²`=47.06(df=28, p<.05), GFI=.96, ACFI=.92, RMR=.04, NNFI=.95, NFI=.94, Normed x2=1.68, and CN=234.88. Five paths had over 2.58 in Standardized Residual but no path is over 10 in Modification Index. 2) Crisis State was influenced directly by stress and coping strategy and was accountable for 31% of the variance by these factors. And the vulnerability of personality, the past history of dangerous events, the perceived home economics, the precipitating events, and social support affected crisis state by the interaction with these main factors directly and indirectly. Conclusion: I propose that the various school-based crisis prevention and intervention strategies should be developed based on the results of this study.