Modern China had a experience attempted to build an ideal society by the process of ``revolution``. It is a very rare case which was reflected reality by a political philosophy as the ideal, and also is a good example to identify the combination of the ideal and the real. In this period, Theories of Chinese utopian society strongly reflected philosophical thoughts of Chinese intellectuals and the will to act in that time. These theories had been developed by complicated patterns: from discord of ``East and West`` to the modern conflicts between ``capitalism and socialism``. At present, China has tried to run contradictory systems of ``market economy`` and ``socialism``, it has been embodied in a new paradigm called ``Chinese socialism``. A modern change in Confucianism as a political philosophy has been proceeded by demand of Chinese socialism. Contents in Chinese theories of utopian society has included Confucian thoughts and theory of socialism as well as western utopian thoughts. This study is tried to examine the theory of utopian society & it``s origin in modern China, to analyze it``s philosophical meanings and relations with current chinese socialism. Especially, it is important to discuss Kang You-wei(康有爲)``s theory of Great hamony(大同), Chinese anarchism, Sun Wen(孫文)``s theory: Three Principles of the People(三民主義) and current theory of Harmonious(和諧) Socialism.