In this study, we investigated the microbial flora changes in Gugija-Liriope tuber Makgeolli during fermentation and storage periods. We brewed Gugija-Liriope tuber Makgeolli for a week through twostagefermentations and stored the fermentation broth for a month at 4oC or 20oC. We collected the samples periodically and analyzed microbial flora changes using viable cell counts and PCR-denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE). Yeast viable cells were seen to have decreased to 13% of pre-storage levels after storage for 15 days at 20oC; however significant changes were not observed during storage at 4oC. Prolongation of storage time dramatically decreased the availability of viable cells. Yeast viable cell numbers had decreased to 38% of pre-storage levels at 4oC and 4.8% at 20oC after storage for 30 days. The results of the DGGE profile for yeast showed that Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Saccharomyces sp. were the predominant strains at the beginning of fermentation and throughout the whole period of storage. Viable cell counts for total bacteria had decreased to 36% of pre-storage levels after storage for 15 days but did not significantly change for the full 30 days of storage at 4oC. Similarly, viable cell counts for bacteria had decreased to 5% while viable cell numbers did not significantly change for the full 30 days at 20oC. Viable cell counts for lactic acid bacteria were performed and the results were similar to those for total bacteria. The results of the DGGE profile for bacteria showed that Weissella cibaria was the predominant strain at the beginning of fermentation. However it had disappeared by the end of fermentation, and Lactobacillus fermentum and Pediococcus acidilactici became the predominant species during storage.