Purpose:The purpose of this study was to explore the experiences of family caregivers who care for the elderly under Long-term Care Insurance. Methods: Data were collected using focus group interviews and analyzed using a phenomenological approach. The four focus groups consisted of eight caregivers, two social workers and three nurses in B city, Korea. Results: Five themes were identified: ``Obtaining a care-helper certification for employment``, ``Taking care of the elderly in their homes``, ``Difficulties due to life changes``, ``Difficulties due to reduced wages`` and ``Dissatisfaction with the Long-term Care Insurance operating system``. Conclusion: The results of this study demonstrate that the long-term care system for family caregivers faces many systematic challenges in providing care for the elderly harmoniously in their home. To help them succeed in their tasks, Long-term Care Insurance system must offer respite and support programs to family caregivers.