이 연구의 중심적인 과제는 교육대학교 학생들의 개별적 경험에 기초한 내면적 가치평가의 전형적인 요소를 파악함으로써 그것에 내재된 기본적인 동기와 정의적 함축성을 밝혀내는 일이다. 이 연구는 인간을 동기유발된 이야기꾼으로 보는 맥락주의 은유(Sarbin, 1986)와 자기를 가치평가의 체계화 과정으로 이해하는 가치평가이론(Hermans, 1987, 1998)에 기초를 두고 있다. 교육대학교에 재학중인 100명의 대학생(남자 30명, 여자 70명)이 체계적인 자기탐색 절차를 통해 자신의 과거, 현재 및 미래 생활과 관련된 유의미한 사건들을 탐색하여 20개의 가치평가를 추출하고 이를 기초로 하나의 가치평가체계를 완성하였다. 이 연구는 가치평가체계에 포함된 1,927개의 가치평가를 그것에 연합된 기본적인 동기와 정의적 양상에 따라서 여섯 가지 유형(＋S, －S; ＋O, －O; +HH, -LL)으로 분류하고 각 유형에 귀속된 가치평가의 원형들을 추출하여 내용분석을 시도하였다. 그 결과 대학생들이 추출한 가치평가의 94.8%가 감정 패턴에 따라서 분류된 여섯 가지 유형 중 어느 한 유형에 귀속된다는 사실을 확인하였다. 또한 각 유형별로 산출빈도가 가장 높은 5개 가치평가의 진술 내용을 분석함으로써 가치평가의 유형에 따른 원형적 속성의 독특성을 확인하였다.
The purpose of this study was to analysis the typical patterns of self-valuations which the educational collegiate constructed. As the theoretical background, this study reviewed a valuation theory suggested by Heramans and his colleagues, in which the person was viewed as an organized process of self-reflection, always oriented from a particular point in time and space toward past, present, and future. Since this orientation varies, different valuations emerge. Valuations are typically units of meaning seen by the person as particularly relevant in his or her life. In the valuation theory, it was assumed that a small set of basic motives at the latent level are able to generate a great diversity of valuations at the manifest level and to influence their organization. Hermans suggested that two basic motives characterize the affective component of the valuation system: The striving for self-enhancement(S motive) and the longing for contact and union with the other(O motive). The specific task to be performed was as follows: To identify the typical patterns of valuations in terms of the affective style associated with them and to define the prototypical nature of the main valuations included in each pattern. Subjects was 100 students(thirty males and seventy females) presented in the University of Education. Following a systematic procedure, the subject assessed his or her valuations and organized the self, and therefore completed a self-valuation system which was consisted of several valuations with four affective indexes: index S, O, P, and N. This study identified six typical patterns of valuations in terms of the affective style associated with them and found that most of valuations experienced by the subjects was classified into one of these patterns. Therefore, it was attempted to examine the main valuations included in each patterns and to define the prototypical nature of them. While valuations of the ＋S type had more self-enhancement(S〉O) and more positive affect (P〉N), ones of the －S type had more self-enhancement (S〉O) but more negative affect (P〈N). While valuations of the ＋O type had more affect referring to contact and union with others (S〈O) and more positive affect (P〉N), ones of the －O type had more contact and union with others (S〈O) and more negative affect (P〈N). In valuations of the +HH type highly loaded with positive affect, high levels of self-enhancement and contact and union coexisted. Finally, valuations of the -LL type loaded with highly negative affect and had a low level of affect referring to self-enhancement and contact and union, which represented the basic anxiety.