In Later on 1920`s, a great many of theory and works of the peasant literature are published in korean literary world. This theory and works are announced with various background under purpose. The things which but Heo, Munil was emphasizing is barren point in the spot of a farm village reality which must have peasants. This was the meaning to recognize the independence for oneself peasant. But this is the behavior and part which is that time the national-reformism which have been known generally to be distinguished. Especially, the behavior which the antipathy for the owner of farmland to be exposed is the national-reformism in Heo, Munil`s works obviously was not. His fundamentalism which is based on thought of Choi, Je Woo is determined by reflecting. Therefore contentions to be deciding must be modified that Heo, Munil`s works is the position of the national-reformism The problem to be presenting is the relation of Heo, Munil and anarchism in this study. First of all, although once he was, Heo, Mun-Il has the career to participate in `Munyegwang` in 1930. And he had the career of a socialism activity after 1930. We consider the point same as this, We feel that he did an anarchist activity. With this, we feel that he is the anarchist at the same time as he is a religion of Chondokyo believer if you look into Heo, Munil`s work. Especially, a Ideal village construction movement and the anti-communist attention is the point to make him accept the anarchism easily. There is the reason of looking into the relation of the peasant novel and the anarchism a peasant literature research in the meantime simple to have. I wish through this research that the behavior same as this should change.