This study presents a review of “Gogeumgagokjib” of Namchangmun-gobon and introduces how to overcome the limitations of the previous anthology researches and what misprints were corrected. The Namchangbon is the third version copy of “Gogeumgagokjib” and provides very important data to solve the research questions raised in the previous studies. The empirical reconsideration of the data led to the following results ; “Gogeumgagokjib” was a song collection whose publisher was not known and showed the song culture of the middle and late 18th century. By analyzing the categorization system, “Dangaishibmok”, and the lyrics, it was found out that the unfamiliarity and originality of “Gogeumgagokjib” reflected the publication intentions and the thematic concerns. The collection of new lyrics, alterations to the existing lyrics, and the experimental trials were the major indication of the originality of “Gogeumgagokjib” and the proof that the song culture of late Chosun was full of diverse tastes and heterogeneous tendencies. “Gogeumgagokjib” is an anthology that has critical implications for the consciousness system of the people living in the 18th century.