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指人賓語與動量詞的位置關系探討

The Position Relationship between Human Object and Momentum Word

황후남

- 발행기관 : 한국중국언어학회

- 발행년도 : 2018

- 간행물 : 중국언어연구, 74권 0호

- 페이지 : pp.127-148 ( 총 22 페이지 )


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논문제목
초록(한국어)
本文探討了指人賓語與動量詞的位置關系探討。本文涉及的指人賓語包括一般人名、由指人名詞構成的限定詞短語以及人稱代詞;動量詞包括表示動作行爲進行的時期段和表示動作行爲發生的次數。衆所周知,指人賓語與動量詞的位置關系有時不對稱,卽:賓語爲一般人名時,動量詞可以置于賓語的前后;賓語爲指人的限定詞短語和人稱代詞時,動量詞只能位于賓語之后。除了時量詞與一般人名之間可以揷入“的”之外,其?均不能揷入“的”字。爲了解釋這種不對稱的語言現象,本文做了較詳細的分析,槪括如下: 第一,“指人名詞+動量詞”結構是從“動詞+賓語+動詞+動量詞”結構中心詞移位進化來的,這時的動量詞爲小句謂語的補足語,由于賓語由主句謂語帶着,動量補語又小句主語帶着,因此其賓語不受限定與非限定制約。 第二,“次數詞+指人名詞”結構的動量詞,是VP內的狀語,形成Frequency Phrase,表示述賓表示的行爲的次數,兩者結構關系爲狀中結構,因此兩者之間不能揷入“的”字。 第三,“時量詞+指人名詞”結構,根据能結構之間揷入“的”字,可分爲狀中結構和定中結構。能揷入“的”字的可以視爲定中短語。述賓結構因爲動名化置于動名短語GP之下,因此時量詞處于定語位置。 第四, 動量詞无論是VP內的狀語,還是GP內的定語,等V移位與輕動詞合幷后,VP內和GP內只存留“動量+指人名詞”,由于名詞性詞組的最大投射爲DP,在DP內,限定詞可以選擇一個數詞短語做自己的補足語;數詞短語選擇一個量詞短語做自己的補足語;量詞短語選擇一個名詞短語做自己的補足語。根据限定語詞組特征,代詞只能c-command數量詞短語(NumP),而數量詞短語不能c-command代詞,因此動量詞不能位于代詞之前。
초록(외국어)
The momentum words involved in this study include the period of the movement of the action and the number of times the action occurs. It is well known that the posi-tional relation between the human object and the momentum word is asymmetrical. When the object is a general names, the momentum word can be placed before and after the object; When a person's qualifier phrase and personal pronoun, the momentum word can only be followed by the object. In addition to the time quantifier can be inserted between the general name and the other, no one can insert the word “的”. In order to explain this asymmetrical linguistic phenomenon, this paper makes a detailed analysis, which is summarized as follows: First, the structure of “refers to the noun + momentum word ”from “verb + object + verb + momentum word” word structure center shift evolved, then the momentum term for small clause predicate complement, because of the object by the main clause predicate with, Momentum complement is carried by a small sentence, Therefore, its object is not restricted and restricted. Second, the structure of the “numeral + noun persons” once the momentum term, is a adverbial VP, forming Frequency Phrase, said of bin said, the behavior of The Times, both structural relationships for the shape of the structure, so both between can't insert the word “的”. Third, the “time quantifier + noun persons” structure, which can be divided into the structure and the structure of the structure according to the word “的”between the energy structure. A word that can be inserted into a word can be considered as a definite phrase. The verb is placed under the dynamic name phrase GP, so the time quantifier is in the attributive position. Fourth, momentum term both adverbial VP, or GP in the attributive, such as V displacement after a merger with light verbs, VP and GP only within the “momentum + noun persons”, the biggest projection for the DP, because of the noun phrases in DP, can choose a numeral phrase determiner to do their own complement; Number words phrase choose a quantifier phrase to do their own complement; Quantifier phrases choose a noun phrase to do their own complement. According to the qualified words group, the pronoun can only be used as a c-command quantifier phrase (NumP), while quantifier phrases cannot be c-command pronouns, so the momentum words cannot be preceded by pronouns.

논문정보
  • - 주제 : 어문학분야 > 중어중문학
  • - 발행기관 : 한국중국언어학회
  • - 간행물 : 중국언어연구, 74권 0호
  • - 발행년도 : 2018
  • - 페이지 : pp.127-148 ( 총 22 페이지 )
  • - UCI(KEPA) : I410-ECN-0102-2018-700-003732050
저널정보
  • - 주제 : 어문학분야 > 중어중문학
  • - 성격 : 학술지
  • - 간기 : 격월
  • - 국내 등재 : KCI 등재
  • - 해외 등재 : -
  • - ISSN : 1229-554x
  • - 수록범위 : 1991–2019
  • - 수록 논문수 : 1237