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> 한국중국언어학회 > 중국언어연구 > 76권 0호

‘PivV₁+N₁+V₂+십마(什麽)’형식의 ‘V₂’생략 현상 연구

최성은

- 발행기관 : 한국중국언어학회

- 발행년도 : 2018

- 간행물 : 중국언어연구, 76권 0호

- 페이지 : pp.123-152 ( 총 30 페이지 )


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논문제목
초록(한국어)
我們可以用“什麽”代替“PivV₁+N₁+V₂+N₂”結構里的“N₂”來構成“PivV₁+N₁+V₂+什麽”結構。此時,這個句子能滿足兼語句的完形要求。但是“PivV₁+N₁+什麽”結構因省略“V₂”而偏離完形兼語句。典型的兼語動詞可以說是能滿足兼語句的完形要求的動詞,這些典型的兼語動詞不可以用于“PivV₁+N₁+什麽”結構里。“PivV₁+N₁+什麽”結構的首要站立條件是“PivV₁”的語義特征和功能,就是說這個結構受到“PivV₁”的制約,幷且在能構成“PivV₁+N₁+V₂+什麽”結構的動詞中,只有些使令類動詞與表喜怒的動詞才能構成“PivV₁+N₁+什麽”結構。卽,典型的使令動詞“叫、讓、使、請、促使”等動詞不能用在“PivV₁+N₁+什麽”結構里。也就是說,由于“叫、讓、使、請、促使”等動詞是構成完形兼語句的動詞,而它們必鬚得和“V₂”共現才能站立。表感情態度的“喜歡、氣、嫌”等動詞是最自由靈活地用于‘PivV₁+N₁+什麽’結構里。還有“求、托、要、騙、告訴、通知”等動詞是都使用在兼語句和雙賓句里的動詞,它們也可以構成“PivV₁+N₁+什麽”結構。不過這些動詞中,動詞“要”如果用在“PivV₁+N₁+什麽”結構里,就其語義有所變化。因此“要”用在“PivV₁+N₁+V₂+什麽”結構時,本質上不能變換成“PivV₁+N₁+什麽”結構。再加上,“PivV₁+N₁+什麽”結構里,因“什麽”指稱“V₂+N₂”而形成抽象的事物范疇化。從而可以說構成“PivV₁+N₁+什麽”結構的時候,“什麽”的事物范疇化也是其中功能之一。還有某些特定語言環境里,“V₂”的顯著性凸現時,必鬚得以“PivV₁+N₁+V₂+什麽”結構來表達。但是“做、干”放在“V₂”的位置,就因實際存在的語義功能弱化、語法化程度很高而與其他動詞相比更容易構成“PivV₁+N₁+什麽”結構。總之,“PivV₁+N₁+V₂+什麽”結構里,放在“PivV₁”位置的動詞語義特征和功能以及“什麽”的事物范疇化和“V₂”的語義功能弱化,而引起從“PivV₁+N₁+V₂+什麽”結構到“PivV₁+N₁+什麽”結構的變形。
초록(외국어)
The ‘PivV₁ + N₁ + V₂ + Shenme’ type meets the requirements of Gestalt’s Pivotal Sentences. However, the ‘PivV₁ + N₁ + Shenme’ type omits the ‘V’ and thus does not form the Pivotal Sentences of Gestalt. When verbs that can meet the conditions for forme Gestalt’s Pivotal Sentences are called typical Pivotal verbs, this typical pivotal verb can not be used in the ‘PivV₁ + N₁ + Shenme’ type. The predominant condition of ‘PivV₁ + N₁ + Shenme’ type is the semantic feature and function of ‘V’. In addition, among the Pivotal verbs which form ‘PivV₁ + N₁ + Shenme’ type, verbs that can form ‘PivV₁ + N₁ + Shenme’ type are causative verbs and verbs that express emotional attitude. In other words, the typical Pivotal verb ‘Jiao、Rang、Shi、Qing、Cushi’ can not form ‘PivV₁ + N₁ + Shenme’ type. It is because ‘Jiao、Rang、Shi、Qing、Cushi’ and so on require ‘V₂’ and are verbs that form Gestalt’s Pivotal Sentences. The verbs such as ‘Xihuan、Qi、Xian’ verbs expressing emotional attitude are most freely used in ‘PivV₁ + N₁ + Shenme’ type. The verb ‘Qiu、Tuo、Yao、Pian、Gaosu、 Tongzhi’, which also combines both the pivotal verb and the ditransitive verb, can form the ‘PivV₁ + N₁ + Shenme’ type. However, when ‘Yao’ is used in ‘PivV₁ + N₁ + Shenme’ type, its meaning is changed, which means it is changed into meaning in double object sentence. Therefore, when ‘Yao’ is used in ‘PivV₁ + N₁ + V₂ + Shenme’ ty[e, it can not be fundamentally converted to the ‘PivV₁ + N₁ + Shenme’ type. Also, ‘Shenme’ refers to ‘V₂ + N₂’ and is abstractly categorizing things, in forming ‘PivV₁ + N₁ + Shenme’ type, ‘Shenme’ categorization of things functions as one element. When the salience of ‘V₂’ appears prominently in any particular language environment, it should be expressed using the ‘PivV₁ + N₁ + V₂ + Shenme’ type. However, when ‘Zuo,、 Gan’ is used as ‘V’, it can form ‘PivV₁ + N₁ + Shenme’ type more easily than other verbs due to the real meaning weakening function and high degree of grammaticalize. In short, it can be said that the semantic feature and function of the verb used as ‘PivV₁’, ‘Category of things’ of ‘Shenme’, and the weakening of the semantics of ‘V₂’ are the causes of the transformation into the ‘PivV₁ + N₁ + Shenme’ type.

논문정보
  • - 주제 : 어문학분야 > 중어중문학
  • - 발행기관 : 한국중국언어학회
  • - 간행물 : 중국언어연구, 76권 0호
  • - 발행년도 : 2018
  • - 페이지 : pp.123-152 ( 총 30 페이지 )
  • - UCI(KEPA) : I410-ECN-0102-2018-700-003732303
저널정보
  • - 주제 : 어문학분야 > 중어중문학
  • - 성격 : 학술지
  • - 간기 : 격월
  • - 국내 등재 : KCI 등재
  • - 해외 등재 : -
  • - ISSN : 1229-554x
  • - 수록범위 : 1991–2019
  • - 수록 논문수 : 1237