Currently, the study of ‘有(YOU)+V’ in the Southern Chinese dialect was mostly concentrated on the description of grammatical phenomena of individual dialect. The contrastive study of ‘有(YOU)’ from the perspective of Typological Linguistics was not as good as expected. Moreover, the discussion results on the meaning of the word ‘有(YOU)’ in the Southern Chinese dialect have not been unified. Major disagreement was focused on the question of whether was the ‘有(YOU)’ used as Aspect-marker(體標記) or not.
Bases on the large number of literatures reviews and relative discussion, this problem was studied in this paper and the following results were concluded.
Firstly, according to the methods of ‘Space to time projection’ and ‘Metaphorical transfer’ and the judgements based on a large number of possessive verb involving the grammaticalisation(詞語法) of linguistic signs in the cross-language, the ‘有(YOU)’ in the ‘有(YOU)+V’ structure in Southern Chinese dialect is characterized as a Aspect-marker.
Secondly, Eight functions of the ‘有(YOU)+V’ in Chinese dialect have been summarized according to the investigation on former researches, including
F：The extent to which the behavior is reached or the adverb of degree that explains the status and nature. (‘很(HEN)’)
G：Modal Auxiliary：epistemic modality(‘會(HUI)’) and dynamic modality. (volition‘要(YAO)’)
H：Correlative adverbs that represent conditions. (要是/如果～的話(YAOSHI/ RUGUO~DEHUA))
Thirdly, the largest area among Chinese dialects where the ‘有(YOU)+V’ was used is the Min dialect area.
Fourthly, the possessive verb ‘有(YOU)’ in cross-language, can be changed to express the function of EXIST, FUTURE, OBLIGATION OR PERFECT. And these changes in the functions can be regarded as the typical change. The functions of the FUTURE and PERFECT are also found in the Southern Chinese dialect.
Finally, the ‘有(YOU)+V’ and the ‘沒有(MEIYOU)+V’ presents an opposite relationship between symmetry and asymmetry in the Southern Chinese dialect and Mandarin. People will unconsciously look for the ‘有(YOU)+V’ to use in reality, as a symmetry to ‘沒有(MEIYOU)+V’, in order to produce the asymmetry between ‘沒有(MEIYOU)+V’ and ‘V+了(LE)’.