The Serial Verb Construction and the Adverbial Centred Construction co-existing in the Qi Min Yao Shu are interrelated but different from each other.
Syntactically, the Serial Verb Construction and the Adverbial Centred Construction expressing the same meaning all consist of two associated components which have time order. The syntactic position of these two constructions are opposite. Just the opposite constructions are the origin of this thesis. Semantically, the Adverbial Centred Construction can express two different kinds of semantic relations - ‘result-action’ and ‘manner-action’ under the constraint of context of time. Through it, we can find that the Adverbial Centred Construction’s semantic function is not singular, so its syntax and semantics are all imperfect. Correspondingly, in pragmatics the function is inadequate. Conversely, the Serial Verb Construction that is discussed here has a semantic simplicity, the “action-result” meaning relationship is realized through the stable syntactic structure, and brings specific pragmatic function under the dynamic context. All of these features can provide the syntactic, semantic and pragmatic conditions for the Adverbial Centred Construction with a “result-action” when it develops into the Serial Verb Construction.
Furthermore, from the principle of Chinese Time Development Sequence, the “action-result” meaning and the “manner-action” meaning are all in accordance with the time principle in semantic and syntactic conditions. It demonstrates that the developing directions of these time meaning constructions are positive, but the construction with “result-action” meaning is out of the time principle in syntax, semantics, and pragmatics. Therefore, it gradually develops into the Serial Verb Construction.