『A Syllabic Dictionary of the Chinese Language』 was extremely popular after being published by Shanghai American Mission Press in 1874. As the practical dictionary to help foreigners learn Chinese, the dictionary records the pronunciation of Mandarin, Peking, Canton, Shanghai, Amoy, Fuzhou, Shantou, Yantai. These are the raw materials of the Chinese dialects in the 19th century, which provide a wide range of basic data for historical comparative linguistic study of modern Chinese language.
The record of 『A Syllabic Dictionary of the Chinese Language』 can provide the real evidence for several dispute. Chinese Romanized Texts have the Mandarin Book, the Chinese-English Dictionary, the Bible in the late Qing dynasty. This article will compare 『A Syllabic Dictionary of the Chinese Language』 with the Mandarin.