This study is focusing on the cultural education in Korean language education as a foreign language. Recently, not only instrumental value of language but the importance of cultural education of target language has been brought up in a field of language education. In account of this, the concept of teaching-learning has been developed to permit and/or adjust disparity of language and intercultural competence. According to this point of view, the encountered literature and culture in a foreign language education functions as authentic texts a language learner should study to learn target language. As well as the notion that language, literature, and culture should be integrated has been recognised in the field of foreign language education and second language education.
Culture, the major issue of the current study, has been defined in diverse contexts and concepts; such diversity leads to a bias toward the belief that the culture is inscrutable and abstract so that it is unteachable. As facing internal and external challenges of the culture and skeptical criticism, the researchers of cultural education have tried establishing the status of the academic field of Korean Language Education as a foreign language. As a result, the culture in Korean language education is considered as a concrete figure, not merely a teaching-learning instrument. Cultural competence in Korean language competence is regarded as important educational content in the same manner.
In this context, this study has examined the current state of the contents of Korean cultural education and the reality of cultural education was reviewed by using Korean literature works. In this regards, it was conducted to suggest the aim of Korean cultural education which has characteristics of integrated teaching-learning. (Seoul National University)