This study attempts to typify national crisis management through the analysis of the countermeasures and major policies against Japan's COVID-19 responses. In the existing studies, the premise of them is that Japan's COVID-19 responses are insufficient and focused on a piecemeal policy assessment. However, this study explains Japan's response against COVID-19 comprehensively over time and attempts to typify national crisis management according to the timing (axis of time) and the scope of application (axis of space). Then, I the study found that Japan's response has taken a "reactive (the axis of space) small and limited (the axis of time)" type of crisis management. It is also expected to enhance the understanding of Japan's crisis management responses and further contribute to the typology and theorization of the national response to crises.