Self-esteem is an essential component in health and the quality of life of the aged. But even though self-esteem among the aged has been documented in western country, few studies have been conducted related to the self-esteem in Korea. Especially, relationship of few the general characteristics and self-esteem has been studied in previous research and literature, but relationship of many variables (16) and self-esteem was studied in this study. The purpose of this study was to identify self-esteem and related factors of the aged in the C city. 179 subjects were participated in the study. The survey questionaire was develoed by Hwang-Ran Ahn(1993). SPSS/PC^+ was utililized for data analysis and included discriptive statistics, t-test, One way ANOVA. The results of this study are summerized as follows : 1. Mean of self-esteem was 55.3, minimum was 31, and maximum was 76. 2. Variables showed statistically significant difference in self-esteem of the aged were ; sex, age, education, existence of spouse, family, occupation, existence and type of interest, personality, satisfaction of life, happiness of marriage, existence and type of disease. But it wasn`t significantly different according to religion, existence of unmarried family, economic. From the results of this study, it can be concluded that the aged in the C city do have middle degree of self-esteem. And the 13 variables of 16 variables showed statistically significant difference in self-esteem. Therefore further research are needed to develop better self-esteem measurement tool to identify selfesteem of the aged and to develop and evaluate nursing intervention for high self-esteem.