Ricardo Chavez Castaneda has been known as a member of the Crack, from the year of 1996. Nevertheless, he has followed his own trajectory as a novelist. Chavez Castaneda has been interested in the social problems of Mexico: the childhood as a victim of the evil has special significance in his novels and short stories. In this article, we analyze his short story “Thief of Children”(2012), awarded in Cuba. The object of our analysis is to demonstrate that this story follows the same line of the symbolism of evil, from “Dreaded Hell”(1957) by Juan Carlos Onetti, and “The Beasts”(1933) by Roberto Arlt. Both stories, which have been indicated as masterpieces “on the human cruelty” by Mario Vargas Llosa, take as victims the children who lose their innocence for the human evilness. We will follow the theoretical proposal of Paul Ricoeur from his book The Symbolism of Evil.