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논문검색은 역시 페이퍼서치

스페인어문학(구 서어서문연구)검색

Estudios Hispanicos


  • - 주제 : 어문학분야 > 서반어문
  • - 성격 : 학술지
  • - 간기: 계간
  • - 국내 등재 : KCI 등재
  • - 해외 등재 : -
  • - ISSN : 1738-2130
  • - 간행물명 변경 사항 : 서어서문연구(~2004) → 스페인어문학(2005~)
논문제목
수록 범위 : 93권 0호 (2019)

스페인어 양보표지 aunque의 문법화과정 연구

김경희 ( Kim Kyung-hee )
6,000
초록보기
This paper investigates the Spanish concessive marker aunque from a grammaticalization perspective. Prior studies on aunque focused on the alternation between the indicative and subjunctive moods in aunque clauses. Generally, the indicative mood expresses objective and factual information, while the subjunctive mood expresses subjective and hypothetical information. However, this dichotomy leaves out a number of exceptional examples that cannot be explained. This paper shows how the various uses of aunque are organically interwoven. Diachronically, aun was divided into concessive aun and temporal aún, and attached to concessive que, forming concessive aunque. In its early stage, it was used only for hypothetical contexts, competing with the other concessive marker maguer que. Over time, aunque has expanded to factual contexts with the indicative. Nowadays, it is the most representative concessive marker in the Spanish language. In this process, a cognitive meaning chain is observed: “continuation → inclusion → coexistence → confrontation → unexpectedness → concession.” Also, a branch chain of “confrontation → complement → excuses → refutation → dismissal” is observed when the subjective evaluation of the enunciator is presented through a fact described with the subjunctive mood.

멕시코 나와들어와 우리말의 비교 연구(2)

손성태 ( Son Sungtae )
6,600
초록보기
This study is a continuing investigation of ‘A comparative study of Nahuatl of Mexico and Korean(1)’, published last year. Its theoretical background was presented in the previous paper, where it was stated that language coincidence between Korean and other language means that they must be satisfied on the linguistic conditions proposed by Korean language professors, under premise of satisfaction of Saussure’ theory, which states that language coincidence means coincidence of signifiant and signifie. The signifier is linear among generations of a same nation. In the previous paper I mainly studied the coincidence between the two languages with focus on noun phrases and verbs, In this study I focus on sentences, comparing different sentences or noun phrases that contain same verbs. By this comparison I want to show that coincidence between Nahuatl and Korean is not a simple occasional phenomenon but linguistically systematic phenomenon based on fundamental feature of the two languages. To this end, five Nahuatl sentences are compared with corresponding Korean sentences by examining morphological coincidence, which is fundamentally based on phonological comparison. This analysis leads to conclusion that Mexican Nahuatl and Korean coincide even in sentences and that follow-up studies should be conducted on a wider scale.
6,400
초록보기
Definite articles el-la-lo in Spanish come from Latin demonstratives ille-illa-illud. Modern Spanish nouns have two gender system, masculine and feminine, and the neuter article can be used with many categories except nouns. Its main function is nominalization of the phrase. Definite articles el-la-lo share a same semantic feature [+definite] with which the speaker supposes that the referent is a known information to the hearer. Moreover, the neuter lo seems to have different semantic features from the other definite articles el-la. A large group of linguists argue that a main semantic feature of lo is [-individuation]. In particular, Bosque y Moreno(1990) classified possible interpretations of a phrase with lo in three types: entity, quality or quantity. According to them, in the case of referring to an entity, the neuter lo has [+individuative]. In my point of view, its general feature [-individuation] seems to conflict with one of its semantic sub-features [+individuative]. This article aims to resolve this problem by analyzing distinctive semantic features of the neuter lo in Spanish based on Cognitive Grammar. I propose that a distinctive semantic feature of the neuter lo is [-well delineated] while the other definite articles el-la have [+well delineated], because the speaker uses the neuter lo as pragmatic strategy characterized by subjectification.
6,200
초록보기
Most gallicism in Spain peaked from the 18th century to the 19th century. However the history of French borrowing on the Iberian Peninsula began much earlier. French and Spanish are romance languages of the same lineage, and the influence between the two languages is understood as a natural process in social evolution. French borrowing words in Spanish had undergone a very rich evolutionary process. This is due to the fact that there is a constant relationship between good deeds and subordinates for regional access and for religious, military, social, economic and political reasons. Here we can see the important influence of a gallicism in Spanish, the relations of solidarity seen in the lexical domain. Most of the French borrowing is attributed to social expressions rather than essential tools such as clothing, decorations and interior design. Therefore, by looking at these terms, I would like to read the culture and history of that time. In this article, I will look first at the historical moments of French borrowing which can be considered the most significant in the process of borrowing vocabulary in the Iberian Peninsula. I will also analyze the similarities and differences between Spanish and French from a historical perspective. Finally, I would like to summarize the morphological features that i founded in the gallicism.
초록보기
Although pronunciation plays a crucial role in oral communication, still very little attention, if any, is usually paid to it in most textbooks and courses of Spanish as a foreign language. South Korea does not constitute any exception to this situation, as learners in this country are hardly given any chances to satisfactorily understand and practice Spanish pronunciation. In fact, most textbooks and courses try to settle pronunciation in a few pages or a couple of sessions, usually making no clear distinction between phonology and orthography, while ignoring most prosodic elements. The approach that most textbooks and courses of Spanish as a foreign language to teach the target language could explain many of the most common problems that South Korean learners face when dealing with oral Spanish. The purpose of this article is to point out the relation between those problems in pronunciation and the methodological approach taken regarding this very aspect, while making some proposals to help learners to overcome those problems tracing them to their roots.

『소용돌이』의 아마존 밀림과 인간

조구호 ( Cho Guho )
6,500
초록보기
The Vortex(1924) of Jose Eustasio Rivera transforms the cruel, violent and hostile Amazon jungle excellently and is estimated as an epic story of tropical nature. The novel shows the perplexity and uneasiness of the narrator in the face of the terrible force of nature and denounces the greedy of the man and the criminal exploitation of nature by the rubber tappers. Also shows that how the instinctive attitudes of the man manifest in a world without laws. Especially, according to the way in which each fictional character exists and his vision of the world, the relations between man and nature are expressed differently. Investigate the type of the man that relates to nature, the elements and the characteristics of nature through the fictional characters would be a shortcut to understand exactly and deeply the theme of the novel. In this article, we will research the relationships established between man and nature. For this, we will understand how greedy, wild and mysterious nature appears, how the fictional characters relate, with what point of view the civilized man looks at nature, how the conflict between man and nature manifests, how is the man's way of existing decided in nature, how the force of nature destroys man.
6,300
초록보기
Gypsies and Flamenco have a close relationship. To the extent that many people think that the flamenco belongs to the gypsies. Without a doubt, the gypsy community is the one that has contributed the most to flamenco. Throughout the middle ages, the gypsies harmoniously mixed the Andalusian multicultural elements, leading to the birth of flamenco. The gypsies dedicated their time to spread it outside their community. In Spain, there have been a variety of different cultures that led to the multicultural environment, specially in Andalusia, where it has received influence from the Phoenician, Greek, Roman, Goth, Arab, Jew, Gypsy and other communities. As the home to flamenco, it is here where the diverse cultural and musical traditions fused themselves to give birth to the flamenco. To sum this up, this is the synthesis of a very varied contribution, that includes many factors such as the oriental influence, Andalusican folklore, the contribution of gypsies, etc. From flamenco, the gypsy dedication has to be highlighted primarily, despite their suffering and persecutions. Gypsies have contributed significantly to flamenco with their peculiar musical expressiveness. In this document, the origin of flamenco will be approached through the analysis of the steps taken by the gypsies after their arrival in Spain. Their persecution history will be reviewed briefly, as well as their treatment by politicians and other citizens. Specially we have focused on the ‘Great Gypsy Round-up(Spanish: Gran Redada de Gitanos) in the period of Ferdinand VI of Spain. From this, the reason why flamenco emerged in Andalusia, impulsed by a minority like the gypsy community will come to light.

라틴아메리카 리튬 자원 산업 정책 비교 연구

이상현 ( Yi Sang-hyun )
6,900
초록보기
The main purpose of this research is to establish a theory of lithium industry policy in Latin America, particularly in so-called ‘Lithium Triangle“. Bolivia, Chile, and Argentina consist of ’Lithium Triangle’, which covers more than 80% of lithium reserve in the world’s salt flats or salars. However, each country in ’Lithium Triangle’ has different lithium industry policy. For example, Bolivia sustains state-centered policy. Chile has implemented ‘regulation-centered state-market mixed policy’, while Argentina has shown ‘private-centered state-market mixed policy.’ To solve the puzzle, the research suggests ‘economic value’ and ‘political value’ as independent variables to determine lithium industry policy in Latin America. The comparative analysis of three cases demonstrates that the combination of economic value and political value determines the type of lithium industry policy. The degree of values varies in each case. The combination of high economic value and high political value produces state-centered lithium industry policy, while low economic value and low political value yields market-led policy. Also, low economic value and high political value results in regulation-centered state-market mixed policy while high economic value and low political value lead to private-centered state-market mixed policy. As a result, this study finds that Latin American countries implement a certain type of lithium industrial policy based on economic and political considerations.
6,200
초록보기
Velasquez, the son-in-law of Sevilla's famous painter Pacheco, sponsored by Felipe IV's servant Olivares, was able to enter Madrid's courts as a young man through his personal relations. He could act as a painter of the king. Later, his career in the courts of Madrid received more attention or jealousy from his contemporaries than his known paintings, and his efforts and achievements to become members of the Knights of Santiago were the result of this process. Behind this effort was the constant desire to conceal and overcome the inherent limitations of Velázquez himself. Apart from the success of the 17th-century court painter, this paper examines the obsession that Diego Velázquez has shown about his ancestry and status all the way to the Knights of Santiago.
6,600
초록보기
The Cuban revolution was a milestone in the history of Latin America. The revolutionary process caused a rupture between the Catholic Church and the government. The transition to socialism threatened the survival of the Church. The confrontation between the two institutions lasted five decades. But, after the 1990s, the dissolution of the cold war system favored the rapprochement and dialogue between the government and the Church. The visit of Pope John Paul II and the arrival of Raúl Castro to the presidency of the Republic opened a new stage. The objective of this research is to examine the relationship between the revolutionary government and the Catholic Church in Cuba. The study seeks the answer to the following questions: How did the Catholic Church respond to the Cuban revolutionary regime? How did the ideology of communism and influence the relationship between the Church and the State? How did the Catholic Church become an internal interlocutor of the regime? In conclusion, Raúl Castro respects the Catholic Church as the main internal interlocutor in Cuba. Today the Catholic Church is considered as an important actor in the political context.
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