In article attempt of the comparative analysis of two products of the Soviet literature is undertaken: ≪Master and Margarita≫ by M. A. Bulgakov and ≪Burdened by harm, or Forty years later≫ by brothers А. and B. N. Strugatskie. Bulgakov`s novel has influenced the novel Strugatsky that has been noted by criticism. We analyze short the scientific literature devoted to a religious problematics in the novel of Bulgakov. We believe that Bulgakov in ≪Master and Margarita≫ appears as the artist-Christian who has expressed the Orthodox sight at the world in product both which has enclosed of Leo Tolstoi and atheistic understanding of Christianity in Voland`s lips, that is Satan. It is possible to agree with opinion of critics that ≪Burdened harm≫ had been created under influence ≪Master and Margarita≫. However Strugatskies have apprehended only external, subject, an outline of history of adventures of evil spirit in Moscow. At the analysis of the maintenance of their novel we see that product is in essence godless and even blasphemous. This fact can find following explanations: Strugatskies were atheists, children of their time with its scornful relation to religion in general and with its materialism; they have been torn off about the orthodox roots, they weren`t familiar even with bases of Orthodoxy and because of rigid censorship in the USSR had no possibility with them to get acquainted. Thus, it is absolutely incorrect to do on the basis of the novel conclusions about Satanism of its authors. They are only children of the materialistic century. To prove the thoughts set forth above, we represent in our article the careful textual analysis of all parallels found out by us between considered novels in their relation to Orthodoxy. We analyze composite structure of both novels; a parity of images of Voland and the Demiurge; an image of the Christin both novels; interpretation of Evangelical events in both texts. In our opinion, it is possible to draw a conclusion that product Strugatskies was influenced by only external outline Bulgakov`s novel, but not Christian implied sense, in it put. It is possible to explain it, it appears, not only a difference in outlook of writers, but also that formation Strugatskies as persons for the objective reasons(censorship) was made in a separation from Christian traditions of our country and had, besides, for the same reason no possibility, having read Bulgakov`s novel, to familiarize and with the Gospel. The education theme became the main theme of product of fantasts. In our opinion, it is necessary for remembering at the analysis of the novel by Strugatskies.