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논문검색은 역시 페이퍼서치

현대영어영문학검색

Journal of The English Language and Literature


  • - 주제 : 어문학분야 > 영문학
  • - 성격 : 학술지
  • - 간기: 계간
  • - 국내 등재 : KCI 등재
  • - 해외 등재 : -
  • - ISSN : 1738-7620
  • - 간행물명 변경 사항 : 영어영문학연구 → 현대영어영문학
논문제목
수록 범위 : 45권 2호 (2001)

한국 학생들의 영어 자음 / l , r / / f , p / / b , v / 학습에 관한 실험 연구

강석근(Seok Keun Kang),이희천(Hui Cheon Lee)
6,000
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The purpose of this paper is to examine through experiment if Korean students learned sounds like /r/, /f/, /b/ and /v/ precisely, sounds which Korean doesn`t contain, and to discover methods whereby this learning may be accomplished. For this end, we prepared two kinds of test materials with 30 questions each, which consisted of minimal pairs with /1, r/, /f, p/, and /b, v/ in word-initial positions. In the tests, 40 third-year students from Janghang Technical High School served as subjects. The subjects were divided into two groups (an experiment group and a control group). The tests consisted of two steps. First, we examined each group`s listening ability of the above consonants in word-initial positions. Next, after teaching the experiment group the differences between the consonants above with special programs, we examined their degree of improvement. The results showed that the listening ability of the experiment group was more improved than that of the control group. In conclusion, although most of the subjects of the control group had difficulty in listening to the sounds that, Korean doesn`t contain, they could improve their listening ability of those sounds to some degree by learning the place and manner of articulation, and through repetitive practice.

D. H. 로렌스를 생태비평으로 읽기 : 『 채털리 부인의 연인 』 의 경우

강용기(Yong Ki Kang)
5,600
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Any literary work might invite an ecocritical reading inasmuch as any theme, plot, setting, or language, which is manifested in the work, is ecocentric or anti-environmental. Because humans unavoidably interact with place, a literary work tends to reveal a view of nature, either explicitly or implicitly. And if the view of nature, which is manifested in the work, tends to `preserve the integrity, stability, and beauty of the biotic community` as Aldo Leopold puts it, we might name such a writing environmental literature. Class awareness starts at the very outset of Lady Chatterley`s Lover. A theme of class conflict is reified through Clifford`s domineering attitude against Mellors or pit workers even though Lawrence does not seem to favor the industrialist, life mode of the workers. The plot itself is a process of Clifford`s being dispossessed. Also, this novel might read as an association of women and nature on the premise that the image of nature does not defile that of women. Connie is compared to a liveliness of nature while being associated with the oppressed image of nature. Some feminist critics--Kate Millett, more vehemently than anyone else--often attack Lawrence`s androcentrism or phallicism. However, a notice on the recovery of Connie`s true nature enables us to rethink Kate Millett`s criticism that Lawrence is an insidious sexist addled in phallicism. In this work, Lawrence persistently criticizes industrialist expansionism, which, according to the ecofeminist`s viewpoint, is intertwined with all kinds of discriminations in terms of class, gender, and human-nonhuman relationships. He surely provides our contemporary readers with ecocritically significant perspectives although this novel differentiates itself from the recent environmental literature in that the authorial voice concentrates on the humanity distorted by the industrialist culture rather than focusing on the deterioration of ecosystem.

에밀리 디킨슨 시와 영적 구원 : 사랑의 동심원적 구조를 중심으로

김구슬(Koo Seul Kim)
6,800
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Emily Dickinson is one of the poets who attempted to ardently quest for their inner world. She was reared under the influence of New England tradition of moral Calvinism, and quested for her inner world through dissatisfaction with her tradition and unending doubts of human beings and God. She magnified her consciousness toward immortality and eternity in an effort to transcend mortality, while controlling her pain with a very rational and complex vision. This study examines the poems between 1861 and 1865, her most creative period, focusing on the theme of death, immortality, time and eternity. These themes are inseparably related to love, a concentric energy which combines the poles of death and immortality, and time and eternity. Emily Dickinson`s existential life starts from death recognized in every moment of life. At this moment, through her magnified consciousness, time is combined with eternity, death, with immortality. And love is the concentric energy through which to drive the cycle of and combine all of the disparate things: time and eternity, death and immortality and the finite and the infinite. The fusion of the contradictions can be made through the poet`s extremely magnified consciousness. The consciousness is realized in the dazzling light where time ends. The region of timelessness where time ends implies the consciousness of life which perpetually illuminates the poet`s world of poetry. The finite and the infinite, death and immortality, time and eternity are combined together in this radiant consciousness. The radiance of the consciousness which can be attained through love, a concentric energy fusing the contradiction is the ultimate point toward which the poet`s soul endlessly aspires.

『 더블린 사람들 』 의 정신분석적 글읽기

김상구(Sang Ku Kim)
6,000
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This study investigates how Dubliners can be viewed through Jacques Lacan`s thought. Many critics have noted how Joyce alludes to the Dubliner`s moral paralysis in Dubliners. Joyce had written a letter in which he wanted to betray "the soul of that hemiplegia or paralysis which considers a city." In Dubliners, many of the characters act according to their own desires, but these desires are reflections of the desires of others. Many characters have their own gaze but no eyes; likewise, there are many characters for whom the opposite is true, characters who have eyes but no gaze. For example, we see this in "Ivy Day in the Committee Room", where Henchy ardently criticizes Parnell. But in reality in fact this is Parnell`s desire. Henchy, in other words, wants to be a good son to King Edward, the father of England, now that Parnell, the inadequate father of Ireland, is dead. The Phallus, which Lacan stresses does not exist but only represents the law of the Name-of-the-Father, is likewise notable in its absence from the Symbolic Order depicted in "Ivy Day". While travelling to Dublin, Duffy sees lovers together in the darkness and his mind turns to the absence of such a love in his life. In the assertion "No one wanted him; he was outcast from life`s feast", Duffy was the prisoner of the past tense, mirror phase. Maria in "Clay" is virtually incarcerated and must ask permission even to spend an evening out. In Dublin, the city limits people`s lives like a net, represses their desires, confines them from escaping. In a sense, then, Dublin is a prison from which many of the characters simply cannot escape. This is significant in terms of theories about repressed desire. The l)ubliners have no space for the expression of their desire because these desires are stifled by other characters and by the socio-economic structures that define the city.

예술창조에 내포된 패러독스 - 블레이크의 『 예루살렘 』 을 중심으로

김희선(Hee Sun Kim)
5,900
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William Blake has been called the prophet. of the New Age, but many of us have been somewhat bewildered by the complexity of his mythic system. It contains serious inconsistencies and owes its line of development to Blake`s unceasing effort to reconcile them. Blake`s system is impossible to pin down. Blake is constructing systems most coherently when he is smashing systems, and he is smashing systems most vigorously when he is constructing systems. The potent contradiction lies at the heart of Blake`s system, and never-ending struggle to reconcile them gives his work its peculiar energy and value. And the main character who symbolizes the paradoxical task of artist is a "prophet of Eternity," Los. To find an answer to the question of whether Los does or does not construct a system is not possible. Los`s art city, Golnonooza, is not identified with a city of Utopia and Truth, Jerusalem, but the means toward it. The poem Jerusalem is itself a system in part. There is an absolute end at the conclusion of it. But at the same time, it seems apparently to present a never-ending process. An artistic creation is the house window open out to the world of Eternity and Truth. In Blake, the goal of art is the moment at which it becomes unnecessary, because the whole of life has taken on the character of art. It is the job of the fallen artist to reorganize the natural body, to awaken it to its self-induced limitation and its real potentialities, until it regains the capacity to arise and enter Eden by itself. In this transformation, what we now recognize is the fact that art disappears. What Eden is like can be inferred from the experience of artistic work, especially from those moments in which the images are entered in imagination.

내러티브의 위기 : 『 카이메라 』

박용만(Yong Man Park)
6,100
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The objective of this study is to evaluate John Barth`s Chimera in relation to some aspects of his view of postmodernism. Since late 1950`s, some American writers have experimented with a new style of fiction commonly called "self-reflexive novel" or "metafiction." This eventually culminated in the publication, in The Atlantic Monthly, of the controversial article "The Literature of Exhaustion(1967)" by John Barth. What distinguishes Barth from the other postmodern novelists is his theory of a logarithmic spiral, not apocalyptic, progression of humanity and highly experimental narrative techniques as seen in Chimera At first, Chimera has received little critical attention, mostly focused on form and technique. Chimera, however, is not a mere exercise in technique but an artistic product of the ideas such as "writer`s block," exhausted possibilities in the narrative. The idea of exhausted possibilities is a central theme of the novel. Chimera is a series of three novellas. Each of the three novellas illustrates the various literary problems of the traditional fictions. Each is supposed to be an exploration into the possibilities of a new kind of fiction. It is a fiction about its own creation. The characters in Chimera are almost self-conscious. They are linked to one another by events and sentiments. But the most important connections are structural and thematic. Another important factor to understand Chimera is myth. Barth seems to have been interested in the conception of true myth. What especially interested Barth, however, is the relationship between a real life in the present world and a myth in the past. He rewrites myths in order to create new reality in the novel. He does not merely imitate myths but effectively uses them to create the new novel. In the end in Chimera, Barth illustrates the precarious situation of the imminent death of the author. Chimera also is both a novel about the problem of exhausted possibilities in narrative fiction and a solution to that problem.

사고와 문화가 언어에 미치는 영향

손병룡(Byung Ryong Son)
6,100
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The purpose of this study is to investigate the influence which thought and culture have on languages. Languages have reflected thought and culture of its users. In order to accomplish this purpose, I will compare two languages-Korean and English: the former is affected by oriental thought and culture, and the latter is influenced by occidental thought and culture. Following the introduction, in chapter 2, I divide respectively Korean and English into a situation-centered language and a structure-centered language and look into the difference between Korean and English. Chapter 3 deals with the difference between a predicate-centered language, Korean and a subject-centered language, English. A situation-centered language, Korean often leaves out subject or object, therefore Korean is a predicate-centered language. On the other hand, a structure-centered language, English has an emphasis on the structure of sentences. As English usually locate the subject at the front part of sentences, it is a subject-centered language. In chapter 4, Korean and English are divided into a synthetic language and an analytic language. `The Synthetic language and the analytic language are different in the use of articles, concept of single/plulral, word order and connection of word-word/phrase-phrase/sentence-sentence. This study is summarized and concluded in chapter 5 as follows. In learning a foreign language, it is more effective and efficient to compare culture and thought of learners with those of foreign-language speakers.

영어에서의 언어행위의 재현 , 기술 및 대행과 화법

송창섭(Chang Sub Song)
6,200
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The purpose of this paper is to attempt a pragmatic approach to the explanation of the narration in terms of the reproduction, description, and performance by proxy of the original speaker`s speech acts. In direct speeches, the reporter reproduces original speaker`s utterance acts or illocutionary acts by repeating and imitating the utterance produced by the original speaker, and he describes the original speaker`s utterance acts or illocutionary acts he reproduced in the reporting clause. In indirect speech, the reporter integrates the propositional meaning or implicated propositional meaning of the utterances into the description of the original speaker`s illocutionary acts. On the other hand, the narrator`s performance by proxy of the character`s speech acts and the narrator`s description of the propositional meaning of character`s utterances intermingle in free indirect speech, which enables the narrator not only to penetrate into the character`s mind and freely express character`s attitudinal expressions but also to describe the propositional meaning of the character`s utterances according to the narrator`s point of view.

의미 기능에 의한 영어관사 분석

원성옥(Sung Ok Won),안길진(Gil Jin Ahn)
6,000
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The main purpose of this thesis is intended to provide some linguistic appropriateness or adequacy of the classification of the English article. In this thesis, several different classifications of the English article have been treated under the following topics: (1) four types classified by Huebner(1985), (2) the fifth type explained by Yoko Goto(1999) and (3) the sixth type suggested by the present writers. Section 1∼4 have discussed the classification derived from the different semantic functions which the English articles (Indefinite, Definite and Zero articles) have. We have analyzed so many example sentences in order to clarify semantic distinctions or differences occurring among the types established by Huebner. Section 5 has treated the idiomatic usage of the article including proper nouns with heterogeneous characteristics in English. Section 6 has suggested the new classification asserted by the writers of the English article. We have mentioned that such classification to clarify semantic distinctions and differences heavily depends on the content or the nature of the article. It may be given as a conclusion that all the classifications and some different uses of the English article have been discussed, analyzed, and determined according to the semantic functions.

시적 상상력의 알레고리 : 키츠의 『 성녀 애그니스제 전야 』

윤명옥(Myung Ok Yoon)
6,400
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English romantic poets cherish imagination and emphasize it in their works. To the poets of the eighteenth century such as Pope, Johnson, and Dryden, imagination is not important because their focus is not life`s mysteries, and they consider poets more interpreters than creators. But to the English romantic poets, imagination is central because they hold poets to be conscious creators with a marvelous ability to create imaginary worlds. And they insist that the most vital activity of mind is imagination largely because the world of imagination is the world of eternity. Romantic poets also generally think of love as a common centripetal force, the source of the cohesive forces with the human and nonhuman universe. They adopt this outlook in their poetry; all the major romantic poets are primarily poets of love. John Keats as one of major romantic poets is no exception. He experiments with his imagination in various ways in his poems: it sometimes is expressed in travelling into a heavenly world through nature or art; sometimes it is expressed in a love story. Among these efforts, the romantic love between man and woman embodied as an experiment of imagination is seen in The Eve of St. Agnes. In the poem, the love of Porphyro and Madeline plays a role as an allegory of poetic imagination. He unfolds his love story with beginning, development, climax and ending through the process of imagination. When young Porphyro crosses the moors to claim his bride, he enters a hostile castle, where Madeline`s kinsmen will murder even on holy days. As he proceeds to Madeline`s room in the face of this danger, he is helped by Angela. She is the only person in the castle other than Madeline from whom Porphyro can expect a kind reception. Before arriving at Madeline`s bed chamber, Porphyro cleverly designs his stratagem to coincide with Madeline`s involvement in the legend of St. Agnes` Eve. He intends to pretend supernatural influences that she may invoke. His twofold purpose is to appear as the future husband of her dream and to seem to make the dream come true. Phophyro grows through his spiritual ascent toward heaven until he sees Madeline, and Keats describes him first as young Porphyro with heart on fire for Madeline, then says he implores all saints to give him the sight of Madeline so that he might gaze and worship. At last Porphyro sees Madeline who is the embodiment of imagination, and he continues to idealize her and his love for her when an eroticized imagination would have shrunk before cold reality. He wishes to become her beauty`s shield and worship at her silver shrine. He exemplifies the passionate, aspiring, and even heroic intensity of imagination that will fly at desire, at the same time, he wins all men s goal, eternal love by fleeing into elfin-storm from faery land. Here, Keats`s mind-dreams are synonymous with imagination, by which a person may penetrate into heaven`s bourne. Madeline`s dream of Porphyro is a case history of this visionary imagination. Therefore, Porphyro`s passion remains human in its nature and yet is raised to superhuman intensity by imagination. Instead of being thrust back into humanity, in this poem, a miracle is to be performed. That`s the magic of imagination and this creativity of the imagination is God-like. Keats creates romantic love story as an allegory of imagination within the act of artistic creation. He describes Porphyro as the poet and Madeline as the imagination which is exerted by the poet. He also accepts the workings of the imagination not only as existing in itself, but as probing ultimate identity, declaring that "The Imagination may be compared to Adam`s dream--he awoke and found it truth." Keats`s imagination enjoys a creative freedom which it consciously seeks to exploit, either for the revelation of spiritual truth. Since Keats`s quest for truth is centered on imagination, he really wishes a life of sensations represented imagination or feelings, not thoughts nor reason. So
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