After An Lushan Rebellion, in Yuezhou (越州) or Huzhou (湖州) areas were poetry gatherings initiated by literators and poet monks that gathered to regional governments and to communicate each other. In early Dali era, Bao Fang (鮑防) and in mid- and later Dali area, Yan Zhenqing (顏眞卿) were in the center of those poetry gatherings in Yuezhou and Huzhou, respectively. These local government officials provided writing environments that are relatively liberal away from the political authority. leading to an opportunity for the literary writing become freed up from existing poetry dogma. For the literators participated in Jiangnan area’s poetry gatherings, literature was not a method of expressing their concepts on the feudal ethical code or moral discipline any more, nor a method to show up to high official for their successful career. Rather, literature was just a way to express themselves and a method to make every endeavor for mutual communication or amusement.
Generally in poetry gatherings, they used writing methods of same themes (同詠) or different themes (分題) or else different rhymes (分韻). However, Jiangnan’s poetry gatherings had a certain characteristics of an experiment from the liberal atmosphere and amusement and made lots of phrases-linked poems (聯句詩) or lyrics (歌詞). This is different from the practices of Chang’an Ten Dali Talents, in the same era, who mostly used different themes and different rhymes or made Fenghe poems (奉和 詩) and replying or reply-offering poems (贈答詩). This is because phrases-linked poems were more adequate for the characteristics of sociality, sociability, amusement, and/or experiment. This explains that those poetry gatherings had changed into a gathering that is more like a romantic and art-appreciating ones oriented to literary writing and amusement, leaving off from political authority and having relatively liberal recognition on poem writing. Also in Jiangnan area poetry gatherings, they tried to learn about literators of Southern dynasties’ such as Xie Lingyun (謝靈運) or Wang Xizhi (王羲之) and returned to the poetry traditions, delicate and artful. These, affected after mid- and later Tang dynasty’s poems to become more like Southern dynasty’s ones.
Literators in Jiangnan area affected later era’s literature via communicating in poetry gatherings and enhancing writing artfully. Meng Jiao (孟郊) participated in Jiao Ran (皎然)’s poetry gatherings in Huzhou. He led research writings with Han Yu (韓愈) through the experiences of the poetry gatherings. Gu Kuang (顧況) also participated in the Hangzhou poetry gatherings where Jiao Ran actively participated. Later, these two became the core of the poetry gatherings in Chang’an or Jiangnan’s Su-Hang (蘇杭) area.