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논문검색은 역시 페이퍼서치

영어영문학연구검색

Journal of The English Language and Literature


  • - 주제 : 어문학분야 > 영문학
  • - 성격 : 학술지
  • - 간기: 계간
  • - 국내 등재 : KCI 등재
  • - 해외 등재 : -
  • - ISSN : 1598-3293
  • - 간행물명 변경 사항 :
논문제목
수록 범위 : 51권 1호 (2009)

How Conservative Should School Grammar Be?

강승만 ( Seung Man Kang )
5,300
초록보기
Since the advent of structural and generative linguistics in the 20th century, traditional school grammar has been attacked as being inadequate, illegitimate, and useless (Haussamen, 2000). Nevertheless, this traditional grammar has remained the basis for grammar instruction worldwide and is still being used as the primary method of English grammar instruction in Korea`s EFL classrooms. Recently, there have been hot debates on the integration of generative linguistics as a supplementary resource for grammar instruction (Bae, 2003; Kolln & Hancock, 2005; Park, 2009). This paper examines the perceptual pattern of SVOC constructions, an equivalent to the 5th predicate form in Onions (1932, 1971), through the survey among college students. The findings of the survey reveal that the analysis of those constructions within the traditional school grammar runs counter to the subjects` perceptual pattern of them. Rather, it conforms to the analysis within the generative linguistic paradigm. I accordingly suggest the integration of some important concepts of generative linguistics within the main syllabus of traditional school grammar.

A Cognitive-Semantic Account for English Particles

김경열 ( Kyung Yul Kim )
5,300
초록보기
Although it seems to be intuitively plausible that there is some degree of productive formation of some verb-particle combinations, it is not easy to predict which particle combines with which verb to create a new phrasal verb. This study aims to present a cognitive model for the relationship between the meanings and high frequency of verb-particle combinations in English, and to demonstrate why a particular set of particles (i.e., out, up, down, back, away, etc.) is frequently used to combine with a particular verb. It is suggested that the high frequency of a limited set of particles in verb-particle constructions is motivated by the conceptual features based on a human cognitive system: the verb-particle combination can be best understood given a cognitive or conceptual characterization with respect to the meanings of the attached particle. Based on a cognitive-functional approach, this study also proposes that the verb-particle combinations are likely to be created on the basis of the human conceptual system that serves to organize categories. Finally, it is suggested that the frequent use of a limited set of particles is closely related to their cognitively-semantically salient properties.

어거스트 윌슨: 탈식민주의적 읽기

김상현 ( Sang Hyun Kim )
5,700
초록보기
This paper attempts to rend August Wilson`s four plays, Jitney, Joe Turner`s Cone and Gone, The Piano Lesson and Two Trains Running from a postcolonial point of view. Wilson is a black cultural nationalist and his texts contain postcolonial resistance discourse to imperial discourse. So his four plays are constructed as an elaborate counter discourse for expressing African Americans` resistant consciousness against white ideology through African ritual, warriors, and rewriting African American history. Wilson assumes the term "cultural difference", a significant postcolonial concept suggested by Homi Bhabha, to examine the relation between blacks and whites. Wilson makes use of African Americans` culture to overcome white dominant discourse. Wilson has written ten cycles plays that deal with African Americans` experiences of the twentieth century since Emancipation. He is concerned with cultural values and the quest for African American identity through the African ritual. In Jitney Wilson created his first warrior, Booster, who refused to work for the white man Wilson said that he wrote Joe Turner`s Cone and Gone in order to teach the importance of African American cultural and racial past. For Loomis the journey toward self-knowledge includes two apocalyptic rituals. At last he is born again as an African Loomis by finding his own song. The themes of separation, migration, and reunion are central to Wilson`s exploration of the search for cultural identity and self-affirmation. In The Piano Lesson Boy Willie and Bernice have fought with the white ghost of Sutter trying to exorcise him from their lives. In Two Trains Running Hambone`s loud talking protest reveals the fundamental injustice of an American economic system. Wilson regularly insists that African American ancestral voices must be heard. So the lesson of four plays is that African American voices and culture must be sustained through spiritual reconciliation. As a black cultural nationalist August Wilson stresses the need to cherish and enhance the cultural values of African Americans in order to establish the subjective relationship with American society. Because Wilson`s four plays stress African Americans` struggle for black liberation, a postcolonial reading that insists on African Americans` resistant consciousness becomes possible.

Surveys on L2 Readers` Perspectives on L2 Reading Competence at Developmental Stages

김성중 ( Seung Jung Kim )
6,200
초록보기
This action research was intended to collect information about L2 readers (n=131 undergraduates) in terms of their needs, interests, motivations, and perspectives on an L2 teacher`s role and their own in L2 reading. The ultimate goal of this study was to establish a more productive L2 reading teaching program on the basis of the information. To collect the desired information, this study used a survey with 10 open-ended questions, and data collection was conducted three times: at the beginning, the mid-term, and the final-term of a semester. The participants` responses to the survey questions were coded and classified into categories. The coded responses were analyzed as frequencies, and converted into percentages. Findings of this study indicated that L2 vocabulary, L2 grammar, appropriate L2 reading materials, and motivation were significant factors in facilitating the acquisition of L2 reading competence and fluency. It seems that L2 teachers should be careful in designing an L2 reading teaching program because L2 students` needs, interests, and motivations were various according to their developmental stages. In regard to the significant factors, some implications and perspectives on ways of dealing with L2 students were discussed at the end of the study.

새로운 문화담론으로서의 초국가주의

김영민 ( Young Min Kim )
5,400
초록보기
Recent discussions of interstices between races, ethnicities, nations, states, and cultures produce a delicate and complex concept of hybridity within the context of globalization and transnationalism. What is at stake in this new discursive dynamics is diasporic subjects and borderline areas of cultures. In recent postmodern cultural studies, "diaspora consciousness" moves beyond the essentialist concepts such as ethnicity and race, and comes to denote hybridity, heterogeneity, identity fragmentation, double consciousness, roots and routes. multi-locationality, and what not. This disapora consciousness is a product of cultures and histories in collision and dialogue, and diasporic subjects are distinct versions of modern, transnational, and intercultural experience, as James Clifford perceives. In this context of diasporic identities and hybridity, networks of transnationalism can provide a clue to unknot the complicated intermixture of terms which span from diaspora, postcolonialism, and postnationalism. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the nature of the concepts of diaspora colonialism, and nationalism from the contradictory counter-concepts of diasporic double consciousness, postcolonialism, and postnationalism. Then, based upon this geneology of emerging transnational cultural logic, this paper demonstrates how "reggae aesthetics" of Kwame Dawes transforms itself into the cultural logic of transnationalism in connection with his hybrid reggae music, diasporic life-styles, and cross-national commodification of reggae music, and flexible citizenship.

어린이 영자 신문을 활용한 초등영어 읽기 지도의 효과

김인옥 ( In Ok Kim ) , 김경만 ( Kyung Man Kim )
5,900
초록보기
This study aims to investigate the effects of using children`s English newspapers on 6th grade students` English reading skills. This study intended to find answers to four different research questions. First, what effect does the use of children`s English newspapers (compared with the use of reading materials included in the textbook) have on their reading abilities? Second, what effects does the use of English newspapers have with level-based groups? Third, how are the different areas of reading skills affected by newspaper reading activities? Fourth, what are the participants` reponses to newspaper reading activities? In order to find the answers to these questions, an experimental group of 6th grade students participated in newspaper reading activities while a control group of students participated in regular reading activities following the teacher`s guide of the 7th National Curriculum. In the results, children who were taught with English newspapers showed a greater improvement in their reading skills than those who were taught with reading materials from the textbook. This was confirmed in both higher- and lower-level groups. The participants of this study showed a medium level of interest in newspaper reading activities. The results suggest a need for on-going use of English newspaper materials accompanied by level-appropriate activities to enhance children`s reading skills.

로버트 로월의『인생연구』에 나타난 희극적 상황

김정규 ( Jung Kyu Kim )
5,500
초록보기
Robert Lowell is one of the major poets in the modern American poetry world. Among the various poetic tendencies, Lowell is generally considered the leading confessional poet. Robert Lowell`s major work, Life Studies, is a representative of confessional poetry. It deals with the subject of the poet`s private life under the psychological pressure, using the poet-protagonist. In this poetry, Lowell describes his distinctive vision of the relationship of painful world and suffering self. Lowell adopts a comic strategy for Life Studies. The comic character of the work deserves commentary as an effective way of seeing Life Studies. Adopting the seriocomic vein, a comic tone and the rhetorical function is a considerable departure for Lowell. So the comic vein of Life Studies is wry, not full of happy feeling. It is rhetorically well supported, on a theory of the comedy that owes much to Fry and Bergson`s laughter under life`s pressures, desperation, and pain. Therefore, Lowell uses "the mixture of pity and wry humor" describing the figures as thoroughbred mental cases and conducting himself as one of them. Humor extends the private event to a public dimension.

Cartesian Philosophy and the Beckettian Subject

김정수 ( Jung Soo Kim )
5,400
초록보기
Cartesian philosophy occupies an important place in Beckett scholarship. It revolves around concepts such as the cogito, the subject, the object, and dualism of body and mind. Since the beginning of Beckett scholarship, Beckett`s works have been examined against the background of the Cartesian system of philosophy. Such an examination reveals several similarities and discrepancies between the worlds of Beckett and of Descartes. In Beckett`s first published poem, Whoroscope, Rene Descartes is placed at its center. Murphy clearly presents the significance of Cartesian philosophy in this novel and other works by Beckett. In this work, particularly the Occasionalist philosopher Arnold Geulincx, who pushed Cartesian question of how the mind and body are connected, holds an important place. Beckett presents the main character Murphy being acutely aware of the dualism of body and mind, without knowing, unlike Descartes, how they are connected. The playwright goes beyond the limits of Cartesian dualism and presents a tripartite structure of Murphy`s mind. Thus re-interpreting Cartesian and Geulincxian ideas, Beckett presents the world where Cartesian concepts exist only to be questioned. For that reason, in spite of the prevalence of Cartesian elements, Beckett`s position cannot simply be called Cartesian or Geulincxian, and his main character Murphy`s death symbolically caricatures the death of Cartesian man.

Analysis of Korean NEG-Morphemes in Terms of Transitivity

김진경 ( Jin Kyoung Kim )
5,300
초록보기
This study analyzes the distribution and interpretations of negative forms in Korean from functionalists` viewpoint of language, because they are heavily influenced by functions associated with constituents in a sentence/discourse. This study establishes a functional and discourse approach in the analysis of negation under the assumption that the interpretation of negation in Korean can be better explained by their functions in discourse. On the basis of this assumption, the distribution and interpretation of NEG-forms are examined in terms of transitivity. In addition, to examine why the two NEG-morphemes are so distributed, a transitivity theory is applied. In this theory, an can be regarded as an unmarked NEG-morpheme which negates predicates of either high or low transitivity, but mot must be regarded as a marked NEG-morpheme and is specialized to negate predicates of high transitivity only. The semantic interpretations of the NEG-morphemes an and mot then follow naturally as a consequence of derivation from the degree of transitivity each NEG-morpheme is associated with in the given predicate. In short, this study shows that the distribution and interpretation of NEG-forms cannot be explained in terms of purely syntactic form, but they can be explained better in terms of their functions in discourse.

대학생을 위한 영어집중캠프에 대한 참여 학생의 학습기대와 참여효과에 관한 조사

나경희 ( Kyeong Hee Rha )
5,600
초록보기
The purpose of this study was to investigate EFL college students` expectations of and affective involvement in a domestically-run English camp, which is a three-week boarding style camp. This intensive English program was designed to increase the opportunities for college students to participate in the communicative setting, to enhance their English proficiency and to gain an understanding of cultures and customs of English speaking countries while meeting with native teachers in the camp. Forty-eight students participated in the camp for three weeks, staying in a dormitory. The results of the study indicated that the students were strongly satisfied with the program, and the program was adequately effective in lowering students` affective self-defense system. Furthermore, the program seems to be very effective in saving money and time for studying English in the Korean setting. Some issues and concerns were emerged as the program progressed, and those issues, problems and concerns were mentioned for practical future programs.
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