The purpose of this study is to inquire into the image of Japan demonstrated in the Korean novels during the period of modernization under the assumption that our modernization had modeled after Japanese experiences, and that their examples on the modernization process of Korea having been profound. This study has examined and analyzed Korean novels where students played as heroes in ten novels, Japanese who also manifested themselves in ten different works, and descriptions about contemporary Japan which revealed in seven separate literatures. Furthermore, a total of twenty-one works published during this period were compared and analyzed on the author basis, namely that Lee In-jik, Lee Hae-jo, Choi Chan-shik and Cho Il-chae, etc. Also carefully examined such novels as the "Dialogue between the Blind and Crippled" and "The Misunderstaning of Rickshaw Boy" on conceptual framework. As a result of such thorough examination of the said materials from various angles, this study came to the following conclusion: Residential studies in Japan by the Korean students at that time were utilized for either sloganeering for modernization of the country or evasion of the reality. The love stories at that time of ten preoccupied with triangular relationships involving Japanese. The Japanese, at this early part of mdernization period, were generally described as representing foreigners who were portrayed as ideal modern men. They were characterized as being good, faithful and scientific, and were not given the evil role in the plots. Japan as land and culture became the objects of yearnings, and being openly interpret as a civilized, modernized and advanced country. At the same time, there was hardly any attempt by those writers at that time to see Japan in international context. Generally speaking, the writers at that period were deficient of the wider perspectives based on the sociological observations as well as historical understandings in one hand, and blindly subservient to and unconditionally idolized of Japan and its modernization process on the other. Through these writings, the Korean writers were suffering themselves from inferiority complex, and then exposed their inner wanderings and impatience for imitation of Japan. Therefore, it is evident that such an immature psychology was an basic ingredient toward the development of pro-Japanese and betrayal of fatherland activities in the early twentieth century Korea. The ideas shown in the early novels such as "Dialogue between the Blind and Crippled Men" and "The Misunderstanding of Rickshaw Boy" that critical satire and pure patriotism fell short of developing any further than their embryonic stages.