Beginning from the Ju Dynasty, the roof-end tile was uniquely used for construction of palace up to Han period and after Wijin period, it was more commonly used.
This article presents the study on the roof-end tile with inscriptions “Chunchumanse” which has been popular for more than 100 years, based on its producing technique, excavation status, and structure of typefaces. Excavated all over China, the inscribed roof-end tile with “Chunchumanse” was used as a divided form of “Chunchu” and “Manse”, combining with other inscriptions.
The form of “Chunchumanse” was used as few as two characters and as many as eight to nine characters, but “Chunchumanse(千秋萬歲)” is the only one phrase inscription which was used over 100 years.
The roof-end tile was used for the king until the Han Dynasty, and owned by the royal family.
The glamorous and diverse typefaces as well as rich contents and phrases carved on the brilliant architecture were tools to express thoughts and literature of the time.
The inscriptions expressed on these many areas contain a wide variety of meanings, which play a major factor not only in the ancient Chinese cultural awareness but in the East Asian cultural history.
Used for more than 100 years, the roof-end tile with inscription “Chunchumanse” is important to understand culture of Han period.
The fact that the inscription was found not only in a particular region but all over mainland China, and its various patterns show that “Chunchumanse” was a popular phrase hoping stability of the Han Dynasty. Probably “Chunchumanse” was a message of wishes for longevity of the Han Dynasty.‘