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논문검색은 역시 페이퍼서치

현대영미시연구검색

Studies in Modern British and American Poetry


  • - 주제 : 어문학분야 > 영문학
  • - 성격 : 학술지
  • - 간기: 반년간
  • - 국내 등재 : KCI 등재
  • - 해외 등재 : -
  • - ISSN : 1598-138X
  • - 간행물명 변경 사항 :
논문제목
수록 범위 : 14권 2호 (2008)

로빈슨 제퍼스와 A. R. 애먼즈의 시에 나타난 생태이념으로서의 도가철학

김원중 ( Won Chung Kim )
7,000
초록보기
The close relationship between Taoism and modern ecology has been suggested and studied by many scholars since Taoistic way of life emerged as an alternative to the anthropocentric Western culture. But the scholarship is still in a rudimentary stage of finding affinity or similarity. This paper investigates how one of the key ideas of eco-Daoism, wu-wei is reflected and incorporated in the poems of Robinson Jeffers, and how the idea of Taoistic polarity plays a major role in A. R. Ammons`s poetics of One:Many. Jeffers`s Inhumanism and Taoism share, foremost, a relentless criticism of anthropocentricism. Jeffers asks us to "break out of humanity" and to keep a "transhuman perspective" so that we can re-orient ourselves to the absolute, divine beauty of things. Tao Te Ching tells us nature is not humane or sentimental, and it, instead, follows its own Tao. To practice wu-wei, Lao Tzu suggests three treasures of mercy, frugality, and not daring to be first in the world, which are central to the very idea Jeffers expounds in his works. Taoistic polarity provides Ammons with a chance to elaborate his idea of cosmogony and man`s relationship with nature. In his poetry, this polarity develops into an ecological vision of the interconnectedness and the essential sameness of all things in the universe. Owing to this vision, Ammons deconstructs the anthropocentric vision and presents a cosmic vision in which man and nature can enjoy a harmonious mutual living(hsiang sheng).

리타 더브의 흑인성과 보편성

김은성 ( Eun Seong Kim )
6,200
초록보기
With her literary honors and achievements including many grants and fellowships, and the Pulitzer Prize for poetry, Rita Dove has established herself as a major figure in contemporary American poetry. Dove`s poetry explores the history of the general human experience as well as the African-American experience. Dove`s distinguishing feature is her ability to surrender historical facts to greater truth. Thus, she discovers meanings of particular history, from which universal meanings are explored. That is, in her works, the particularities are examined in terms of the universalities and vice versa. Dove has been praised for her international aesthetic vision. Although she is an African American female writer, she refuses to define herself only in terms of blackness. With strong European backgrounds, she has pursued the more vast world which is not restricted to only blackness for her poetic subject matter, theme, and characters. Some of her poems, therefore, are written under international settings and history, and even the titles of the poems imply the universalities of her works. Some of her poems of course contain the black history and experience which underline her overall poetics. She, however, does not allow one story to be told. She combines private and public history, particular and universal history, which results from her awareness of both her racial history and human history. By appropriating the both histories, Dove develops a more inclusive voice to tell two stories of the world.

윌리엄 카를로스 윌리엄즈의 정치적 이념과 대공황 시기 현대시의 사회적 역할

김홍기 ( Hong Ki Kim )
6,400
초록보기
In the 1930s the United States was beginning to slide into the worst depression in its history. During the period, many U.S. citizens had lost faith in their business leaders and politicians. Some had begun to question the American economic system and even democracy itself. The Depression compelled artists and intellectuals to choose sides in political battles between Capitalists and Communists and clarify the politics in relation to their own work. Williams avoided making political commitments to the Communist Party, though he fully understood the ill-consequences of capitalist system. His Depression poetry and prose demonstrate drastic changes in his career as a poet including his increased recognition of class conflict and his professed devotion to a realistic portrayal of the low people marginalized in the American society. He renounced the bourgeois and highmodernist rhetoric that dominated so much of the literary scene of the day. His most poignant writing of the period turned to those people and things less discussed in American literatures. Poor old people, garbage, junk yards, immigrants, African-Americans, proletarian women-all of these become in Williams`s poetry metonymical expressions for "the low," an actual America that had been underrepresented in previous poetries.

홉킨즈의 시어와 구문: 시적 인스케이프의 추구

신원철 ( Won Chul Shin )
6,500
초록보기
The poetry of G. M. Hopkins shows a kind of process searching inscape. His poetic life is the most passionate pursuit of inscape, and it is distinguished in his nature poems. The microscopic observation of nature is the first step of his poetic writing and he thought the inscape as his final goal. In this article we have researched the words and syntax of Hopkins`s poetry, proving poetic writing is also a process of his inscaping. His experiment of poetic technique is so extreme and radical that the ordinary readers can not understand or enjoy it, but it makes his poems the most peculiar thing. In this poetic experiment of Hopkins, we can feel a kind of energy and strange beauty. His words, rhythm and syntax create a good harmony with the meaning which he wants to express. So we can see elastic words and rhythm which expresses the pleasure felt from God`s creative grace in his nature poems, and the strained and twisted words and syntax which transfers the feeling of anguish and torture in his dark sonnets. We can also feel a kind of poetic energy in his poems, especially through the feelings in our ears. And I think all this resulted from his passionate pursuit of inscape.
6,000
초록보기
This study aims to discuss Derek Walcott`s unheroic poetics from Omeros`s subversive perspectives of Homer`s epic heroes. The title and fictional character of this long poem, Omeros is Homeros in ancient Greek and Homer in modern Greek. The poetic figure, like Homer as a humble, blind, hard, and lonely bard, is a sightless, and homeless poet and castaway reflecting the colonial wound and aftereffect of St. Lucia. And his figure is like those of Walcott`s real characters. Walcott`s real characters, such as Hector, Achille, Philoctete, Helen, Seven Seas, Ma Killman, unlike Homer`s epic heroes, have humble backgrounds and live hard lives. Hector, Achille, and Philoctete are fishermen. Seven Seas is Omeros or a person like Omeros. Helen is a maid and waitress. Ma Killman, a sybil and obeah who cures Philoctete, runs a cafe. They also have physical or spiritual wounds and pain because they are double victims first afflicted and exiled by the white colonialists and then by the majority black nationalists who have copied the white colonists` or masters` practices. Therefore, they are the subversive figures of Homer`s epic heroes. Walcott`s characters are humble but noble because they are willing to heal their trauma of colonial history and maintain their national identity or spirit. Their nobility comes from the lonely, painful knowledge learned from isolation and suffering. They don`t depend on any gods to cure their painful wounds. Only their healing source is from the primitive intelligence and medicine distilled from the Caribbean nature, which represents an immense wound. Yet the truth we shouldn`t leave out is that there is no everlasting cure for the wounds in Walcott`s long poem.

T. S. 엘리엇과 로버트 로월-문명과 불만족

이홍필 ( Hong Pil Lee )
7,500
초록보기
T. S. Eliot was the most influential poet in the first half of twentieth century British and American poetry. Actually, a number of poet were under the influence of his poetry and poetics to the extent that some critics say he constructed his own poetic government. In the mid-century American poetry, however, it was Robert Lowell that created a revolutionary poetics against that of T. S. Eliot. In his early poetic career, Lowell himself also was a follower of T. S. Eliot, publishing a couple of collections of poems under the influence of the latter. Lowell`s Life Studies, published in 1959, was a ground-breaking work which challenged the so-called Eliot`s poetics and championed his own poetic cause. Despite their huge poetic differences, they have many things in common in terms of their criticism of civilization and culture. First of all, they recognized human civilization and culture as corrupt and infertile; thus, they did not find any optimistic future in civilization that human beings have constructed. Many heroes in their poems are regarded as victims of civilization and culture in which they live. Eliot`s heroes in his early poetry manifest his attitude toward modern civilization; those of Lowell`s Life Studies are expressed as victims in similar way. This paper seeks to analyze those victimized heroes in their poems.

T. S. 엘리엇의 『황무지』 또다시 읽기

황준호 ( Joon Ho Hwang )
6,800
초록보기
T. S. Eliot`s status in the history of English poetry should be considered unique in that although we take for granted that all major anthologies include his poems, readers of many generations still do not fully "understand" them. While Eliot opened a new stage of English poetry by creating a representative modernist poetics, which placed him as a major precursor of High Modernism, he was recently regarded by deconstructionists or poststructuralists in particular as one whose text could embrace postmodernist features. The poetics of impersonality, supposedly a quintessential element to Eliot, has been questioned as well because of the poet`s newly highlighted autobiographical elements in his poems that we may find in "confessional" poetry. The seemingly timeless popularity and influence of his poetry, however, may need to be reconsidered since the heyday of postmodernist discourses and post World War II poetics have now passed. His experimental early poetics, represented in The Waste Land in particular, undoubtedly exercises highly complicated textuality that readers of the postmodern era should recognize as something to be shared in the late 20th century. Nevertheless, we can also detect a subtle distance between Eliot`s early poetics and postmodernist discourses/poetics. This essay does not purport to draw a clear boundary between modernism and postmodernism, and then place Eliot`s poetry in one category or the other. This will not be useful in helping readers approach the texts more effectively, especially one as complicated as The Waste Land whose complexity goes beyond the dichotomy between opposite perspectives or poetics. Rather, this essay will discuss what we can find or miss from a decontextualized reading of The Waste Land as a canonical text in the new century.

Robert Creeley`s Poetics of Immediacy

( Ok Hee Jeong )
6,000
초록보기
This paper examines some well-known poems of Robert Creeley in relation to the poetic trends of the sixties when divergent poetics began to emerge with distinct styles. Along with Charles Olson and others, Creeley originated and activated the projective verse of the Black Mountain School and following its credo developed his own individual style which engrossed the minds of the readers. His most effective poems are lyrical and personal. Through the poems his emotions and feelings are transmitted. Yet, while dealing with personal concerns, his style differs from the Romantics or other subjective poets in the past. His style is terse, demure and insinuating. Poetic effects are achieved through the use of "open" form, which implies being freed from the traditional frames of poetry and faithful to the moments of creation. Each poem`s rhythm adjusts to that of breath. Through the poems` vibrant rhythm and sense of immediacy each poetic experience becomes more intense and direct and real on the readers` part. Creeley`s poems sound more natural and effective than before and resemble human breathing.
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