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논문검색은 역시 페이퍼서치

현대영미시연구검색

Studies in Modern British and American Poetry


  • - 주제 : 어문학분야 > 영문학
  • - 성격 : 학술지
  • - 간기: 반년간
  • - 국내 등재 : KCI 등재
  • - 해외 등재 : -
  • - ISSN : 1598-138X
  • - 간행물명 변경 사항 :
논문제목
수록 범위 : 17권 1호 (2011)

로빈슨 제퍼스의 이데올로기론

김은성 ( Eun Seong Kim )
6,300
초록보기
Although Robinson Jeffers is well known as a forerunner for the environmental movement, more than half his entire poems focus on revealing the deceptive nature and mechanism of ideology. These poems are based on his conviction that human history is the repetition of barbarism. And he is convinced that humanity is central to this barbarism and its impurity tends toward an arrogant will to power over both the human and non-human worlds. Through the figures of saviors, he tries to contend that the human will to power becomes a vehicle for controlling other human consciousness. In fact, Jeffers employes the figures to dissolve the mechanism from which saviors naturalize their power and indoctrinate people with metaphysical lies, and to reveal the universal human tendency toward control. Jeffers believes that human history and civilization are controlled by an unseen center, which manipulates the individual psyche and behavior with fraud and fear. His concern with the center leads to an interrogation of the process of indoctrination and naturalization of power or ideology, in which all individuals are unified and homogenized. Jeffers` interrogation of ideology, focusing on its universal process of producing meanings, aims at revealing the illusion of ideology. In many poems, therefore, he censures the deceptive nature of ideology and its working mechanism, political lies and conspiracies of all society members to support the dominant ideology. This view about ideology can be explained by the aid of the Frankfurt School who employed Freudian psychoanalysis and the Althusserian notion of ideology. Most of all, they share this belief that the deceptive ideology makes a seemingly autonomous subject submit itself to the dominant ideology of each society.

『네 사중주』와 엘리엇의 자서전적 탐구

김희성 ( Hee Sung Kim )
6,200
초록보기
This paper examines how Eliot builds his autobiography, Four Quartets based on more radical perspectives on time and self. Four Quartets is considered Eliot`s autobiography in the sense that it addresses the poets` attempt to illuminate and represent himself, focusing on transcendence in his finiteness and temporality. The tension between temporality and timelessness provides the matrix on which Eliot constructs a relatively new concept of the past. Eliot describes the past as the integration of actuality and potentiality of past experiences, which leads to a breakdown of the boundary between self and others. Eliot illustrates the immersion of self and others as well as actual pastness and potential pastness based upon juxtaposition of discrete images which embrace diverse times. He describes the consciousness of self as a text and gives the consciousness a spatial role. In this way, he tries to show the mechanism how the individual self can contain much larger and more general references. Alongside, Eliot suggests that the ideal self escape from his own shell and communicate with others throughout various generations.

셰이머스 히니의 "우울한 비가" -『밭일』과 『스테이션 아일랜드』를 중심으로

박미정 ( Mee Jung Park )
6,700
초록보기
After North, Heaney confesses his difficulties of writing poetry in the midst of sectarian violence in Ireland. Many victims and casualties from Ulster conflicts lead him to agonize over his responsibility for the tragic reality he has faced with as a poet. In this respect, elegiac poems in Field Work and Station Island serve for its prime examples. This paper, focusing on Heaney`s psychological responses and feelings of guilt, explores how his elegiac poems share the modern elegy`s traits in the Irish background. Heaney`s elegy can be characterized as "a melancholic elegy," the term coined by Sacks and Ramazani who put great emphasis on poet`s psychological aspects in modern elegy. The mourner or poet in traditional elegy performs some conventional steps to mourn for the dead, through which (s)he can overcome feelings of grief and guilt for the dead. However Heaney as a mourner has much difficulty in performing it, in many cases only to fail. His elegy is self-critical or self-reflexive for fear of aestheticizing and idealizing the death of victims. And he hardly comforts the dead and himself as well, for he cannot provide any reasonable explanation or alternative solution for the tragic reality that has resulted in their deaths. The difficulties sometimes cause his helplessness or lead him to cherish his wish to evade the reality and to forget it. By composing a series of elegies, however, he realizes he has to face his reality as it is and comes to accept the victims` pain and deaths as his own, which Heaney has accomplished as a modern elegist.

에밀리 디킨슨 시에 나타난 거주와 향유의 시학

변채민 ( Chae Min Byun )
6,200
초록보기
Separation has a specific aspect in Emily Dickinson`s life and poetry. Dickinson had lived a distinctive life; she pursues separated life as only dwelling in her house. But she, while dwelling in her house, is not just cutting off from the world, but rather coming into the world of her own. She often writes rhymes ungrammatically, awkwardly and faultily in her poems, which makes us hardly comprehend her intention in them. We may have a better view of her life and poetry when we turn to Emmanuel Levinas`s concept of separation and dwelling. According to Levinas, separation is accomplished through the dwelling and the separated self enjoys absolute independence. For Dickinson, the happiness of enjoyment affirms the ``I`` at home with itself. In her poems she often shows us how willingly she returns to her inner experience of withdrawal, habitation, and enjoyment. For her dwelling is the condition on which she can dwell and enjoy life itself and belong to the true ``I``. Dwelling is a recollection, a coming to oneself. She also gives us a vivid illustration of how separation in the strictest sense is solitude, how enjoyment is isolation itself, and how only in enjoyment the true ``I`` can be crystallized. Enjoyment is a withdrawal into and dwelling in herself. It is in living rather than in contemplating that Dickinson finds the ecstasy. For her, the mere sense of loving is joy enough; the love of life does not love being, but loves the happiness of being.

존 키츠와 월러스 스티븐스의 "낙원"

신원철 ( Won Chul Shin )
6,700
초록보기
It is interesting to compare John Keats and Wallace Stevens on a viewpoint of paradise. Both of them made their own peculiar paradises; Keats`s is an innocent and fantastic one and Stevens`s comparatively a realistic one. We can read it in their well known poems entitled "Ode on a Grecian Urn," "Ode to a Nightingale" and "Sunday Morning." Keats has a fantastic view of his paradise but Stevens is sarcastic and critical to the traditional Christian paradise. Keats is rather idealistic in his artistic creation and he imagined a paradise through a singing nightingale or Greek mythic world. He evaluated the immortality of art and singing bird. Stevens created a common woman enjoying a glass of tea and a yellow parrot popping on the floor in "Sunday Morning." She thinks of a traditional paradise full of the boring idleness, highly appreciating the instant beauty which is dying every minute. She even thinks this world is beautiful owing to the death or extinction: Stevens checked out the idleness of paradise without circulation of death and birth. Keats created the romantic paradise and Stevens the disillusioned realistic paradise of the 20th century.

기억과 자연 -W. S. 머윈의 『시리우스의 그림자』

양균원 ( Kyoon Won Yang )
6,400
초록보기
This article examines how memory and nature affect W. S. Merwin`s poetry in his The Shadow of Sirius (2009). The book reveals a poet who has faced time and death unyielding with eyes wide open. The poet appeals even better when he composes a calm confrontation with those heartaching subject-matters. It is characteristic of Merwin in the latest stage of his poetic career that he prefers to sustain such a peaceful posture among pains and anxieties from inevitable results of life rather than to fall into despondency or to rely on transcendence. The attitude seems to be made possible by affirming what life can offer as it is. Memory is the primary force which enables the poet to accept life affirmatively. The present, where almost everything has passed away, can be redeemed only when filled with those never-vanishing moments of the past. As for Merwin, memory is not only about enduring painful losses, but also about managing to lead a life unflinching through them. Merwin regains his strength from nature as well as from memory. Nature is sometimes depicted in his poetry as something original or transcendental which, being always there, lives over an individual`s life. However, he watches nature just as beautiful as it really is in itself, among unavoidable losses, when it comes to him in its seasonal changes.

기독교 신앙과 불만족: T. S. 엘리엇과 로버트 로월의 시

이홍필 ( Hong Pil Lee )
7,500
초록보기
This paper seeks to examine the difference between T. S. Eliot and Robert Lowell in terms of their attituds toward Christian belief and the Christian way of life. The former was born into a Unitarian family, and the latter into a well-known Boston Brahmin family. Neither was satisfied with his family religion and his ancestors`` practice of Christianity. For example, T. S. Eliot converted to the Church of England because he believed that Unitarianism is not good enough to redeem modern society and people; also, Robert Lowell was in severe friction with his Puritan ancestors all throughout his life. After his conversion to the Church of England, T. S. Eliot thought that modern society and its citizens could be cured from their modern malady through the recovery of Christianity. For example, in "Ash-Wednesday", the speaker says that even if he is in frustration, he is able to come close to God. However, Robert Lowell converted to Catholicism because of his conflict with ancestors whose religious attitude and practices he found abominable. In the long run, he also left behind the Catholic church. His poetic journey from Lord Weary`s Castle to Life Studies is not only a record of his resistance against his family religion, Puritanism, but also an expression of his discontents toward the Christian way of life. Yet their attitudes to Christianity were totally different: Eliot believed in the possibility of Christianity in terms of its redemption of modern society which, he strongly believed, was in complete corruption; but Lowell ultimately denied Christianity itself.

Wallace Stevens`s Use of Prosody for the Integration of Sound and Sense

( Han Mook Lee )
5,700
초록보기
Wallace Stevens integrates sound and sense to intensify interactive meanings of reality and imagination in his poetry by using various prosodies. He constantly aspires to the condition of musicality for the integration of sound and sense. This paper aims to analyze and illustrate interaction of sound and sense to achieve his supreme fiction in his major poems from Harmonium through The Rock. In his Harmonium, he uses more traditional prosody and the first person point of view to emphasize the sense of reality. Then, in his Ideas of Order, he uses more various prosody and the third person point of view to open meanings of imagination. Especially in his Transport to Summer, he uses the most diverse prosody including free verse and objective point of view to integrate sound and sense toward supreme fiction.
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