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논문검색은 역시 페이퍼서치


Studies in Modern British and American Poetry

  • - 주제 : 어문학분야 > 영문학
  • - 성격 : 학술지
  • - 간기: 반년간
  • - 국내 등재 : KCI 등재
  • - 해외 등재 : -
  • - ISSN : 1598-138X
  • - 간행물명 변경 사항 :
수록 범위 : 18권 1호 (2012)

주변적 여성들-이반 볼랜드의 시에서

김희성 ( Hee Sung Kim )
Women in Margin: Eavan Boland`s Poetry Abstract HeeSung Kim (Seoul Women`s Univ.) This article examines how Eavan Boland delineates Irish women`s marginality in the holistic nationalism in Irish history and literary tradition. Boland criticizes that Irish women`s reality has been excluded from the Irish canonical literature and romantically symbolized in light of male dominant nationalistic poetics. She tries to separate from the heroic world since women cannot be assimilated into the world of heroes, which has no place for women. Instead, she associates women`s physical and social spaces that are marginalized and devalued by the Irish poetic tradition with their repressed position in Ireland. She introduces spaces, in particular suburbia and domestic interior, which have been removed from the heroic nationalistic tradition. Within these environments, she redefines women`s realistic day-to-day life and their real emotions and feelings with realistic descriptions. In this manner, she reclaims of women`s reality and voice beyond the masculine sphere and constructs lost memories and emotions of women. In addition, she expands her subversive descriptions to laboring poor and rural women who have been doubly marginalized in Irish history and poetic tradition. Boland struggles to disclose women`s reality in the margin that has been silenced and repressed in the masculine tradition and access the otherness in terms of gender and class differences.

셰이머스 히니의 초기 시에 나타난 흙-의지와 휴식의 이미지

성창규 ( Chang Gyu Seong )
The Earth in Seamus Heaney`s Early Poems: The Images of the Will and the Repose Abstract Chang-Gyu Seong (Korea National Open Univ.) Motivated with Bachelard`s terms “four elements theory,” “phenomenology of images” and “material imagination,” the purpose of this study is to present the earth images in Heaney`s early poetry and to demonstrate the elemental mechanism and dialectics of the earth images. Based upon Bachelard`s poetics, Heaney`s earth is divided into arable land and burial place. The former is to symbolize Irish survival and coexistence with daily repetition. The latter as a swamp is to represent Irish chronicle and refugee with historical remnants including the corpses of the deceased. Besides, a swamp image is the combination of the earth and water, so creates maternal and feminine images and embodies comfortable reposes and death images in their extremity. The juxtaposition and intersection of reciprocal images repetitively appear in Heaney`s early poetry. Heaney may remember Bachelard`s intimate immensity, dynamics of combining contrary material images and confrontation & interconnection inside an image itself. The dialectics of outside and inside & the phenomenology of roundness studied by Bachelard can be understood in the same context in Heaney`s early poetry.

통합의 장(場)을 꿈꾸다-조리 그레이엄

Into a Dream of the Unified Field: Jorie Graham Abstract Kyoonwon Yang (Daejin Univ.) This paper is intended to comprehend Jorie Graham`s idea of poetic self by analyzing “Notes on the Reality of the Self” from Materialism (1993) among many other self-related poems. And it also tries to examine her pursuit of unity, whose vision she has sought more consciously after Region of Unlikeness (1991), by closely reading the title poem from The Dream of the Unified Field (1995). Graham is not a poet of the kind who breathes life into things by magic of language. Her poetic self is characteristic of “Negative Capability” as in John Keats or in Wallace Stevens, and seems to contribute to her remarkable attraction among contemporary living American poets. Humanism says that the self is in the center of the universe and gains the superiority over the world. However, from the viewpoint of anti-humanism, it is part of the whole and coexists with all the others. When the world is not controlled by the authoritative self, it ceaselessly comes into change as its parts connect differently to one another. From Hybrids of Plants and of Ghosts (1980) to Region of Unlikeness and Materialism, Graham has shown consistently the world whose identity cannot be sustainable. In spite of the pressure of the “erosion” and “materialism” in her preceding books, her consciousness is more keenly sharpened in her first book of selection, The Dream of the Unified Field. Ironically she has a dream of the unified field in the region of unlikeness. Graham is a philosophical poet. Her vision of unity is likely to remain a dream, not to be fulfilled as a fact. Her sensibility has the capacity for both unifying and alienating. And in her poetry, political, philosophical, and aesthetical causes are considered to affect one another so as to compose “a new way of looking.” In this sensibility of complex, Graham declines rash expectation of any reliable closure and resides in reality, sitting on the border of a dream of the unified field.

매리언 무어의 시학에 관한 시들-“진정한” 어떤 것

정옥희 ( Ok Hee Jeong )
Marianne Moore`s Poems on Poetics: Something “Genuine” Abstract Okhee Jeong (Kimpo College) Marianne Moore is a woman poet whose life and works have been compared to those of Christina Rossetti or Emily Dickinson by some critics. However, as a modernist, while possessing similar characteristics to those women poets, she uses far more advanced poetic techniques based on her scientific knowledge and close, minute observation of nature and its objects. Her poems are special and characteristic with ``frigid,`` unexpected poetic words, images and subjects. Yet, in spite of difficult, inexplicable surfaces of her poems, close analysis of her poems reveals her soft, warm, civil nature inside. Her messages or poetics are either directly or indirectly stated in her poems with certain consistency. She insists that something individual or “genuine” should exist in poems themselves and maintains that an artist can make works of art more precious and worthy by doing unconscious effort rather than by showing off his or her craftsmanship with pride. If we follow those poems about her poetics, we can find that she is more considerate towards others while being strict and exact about herself.
Speaking upon the History of Extinction, Re-building the Nation:A Study of Contemporary Native American Poetry Abstract Eun-Gwi Chung (Inha Univ.) For a very long time, Native American literature has been neglected in the field of American literary criticism. With the Native American Renaissance in the 1970s, however, the voices of Native Americans began to gain a substantial form of articulation in the literary field. This essay, focusing on two contemporary Native American poets, Joy Harjo and Sherman Alexie, revisits their history of extinction and illuminates how these poets re-imagine their poetic space in contemporary American culture in and out of the relationships to their tribal memories. Belonging to the generation who should and could inscribe the sad history of their people in English, the enemy`s language, not in their tribal languages, these two poets question and explore the primary ground of being a poet as an American Indian. Inviting readers to consider the generative power of poetic language and re-addressing the problems of disorientation, poetry of Harjo and Alexie shows the combinations of descriptive and critical perspectives of contemporary Native Americans and provides the important cultural link between language and history. In that sense, their poetic voices make us rethink the notion of America in its process of nation-rebuilding, its not-yet-attained task of multi-cultural ideal. It is in their writings that we witness America`s literary and cultural boundary is challenged, complicated, and more expanded. Creatively responding to forced colonization, they are ceaselessly reinventing literary rules and seeking out new forms of telling stories that matter.

거리산보자의 도시 공간 읽기-<패터슨>과 <율리시즈>

최용미 ( Yong Mi Choi )
Flaneurs in Modern City-Space: William Carlos Williams`s Paterson and James Joyce`s Ulysses Abstract Yong-Mi Choi (Ewha Womans Univ.) This paper tries to study the city aesthetics in William Carlos Williams`s Paterson and James Joyce`s Ulysses through modern flaneurs. Modernism was originally an art of cities and has generally been defined as metropolitan or cosmopolitan art. Such a definition has generated an idea that Modernist works tend to be ahistorical. But Paterson and Ulysses show somewhat different characteristics. Both Williams and Joyce choose a city which they are familiar with as their spacial background. Even though the city of Paterson is not as big and developed as New York, it has a unique history which can represent the typical history of America. Dublin also has the history of colonialization and repression from Britain. Paterson and Bloom walk or wander through the streets of their cities and read the complex history in their everyday incidents. Here, Paterson and Bloom―each the protagonist of both texts-appear as re-created characters of modern flaneurs. Through “walking” as an artistic practice, they interpret, or sometimes recover, the complex layers of history and respond to the modernity underlying their city space. In that process, both protagonists show a patient and generous mind towards “the ephemeral, the fugitive, the contingent,” which cannot be controlled well but represent the modernity itself.

“Love for the Earth and Love for You”: Christian Nature Spirituality in Mary Oliver`s Thirst

신문주 ( Moon Ju Shin )
“Love for the Earth and Love for You”: Christian Nature Spirituality in Mary Oliver`s Thirst Abstract Moon-ju Shin (Sogang Univ.) Mary Oliver is considered a leading ecopoet in contemporary American poetry. She is a prolific writer who has published twenty books of poetry, six prose works, and four chapbooks and special editions. The purpose of this study is to bring to light a lesser-known aspect of Oliver`s poetry by examining Thirst (2006) from the perspective of Christian nature spirituality. Unlike her typical ambivalent attitude toward the Christian God and Christian faith, Thirst provides readers with explicitly Christian ways of seeing God and nature. Nature spirituality, which often is an expression of pantheism, equates God with nature and focuses on the immanence of deity in nature. In contrast, Christian nature spirituality expresses panentheism, a view in which God is both immanent in nature and yet transcendent of it. Christian nature spirituality is a way of relating to nature by way of the biblical commandment to love one`s neighbor. In Thirst, Oliver describes nature as neighbor and fellow creature, and she shows, in poems praising God`s wondrous works in creation, how love of God and love of nature are intertwined. Since nature reveals God`s love for creation, loving nature is a way to return love to God. Nevertheless, Oliver realizes the limitations of practicing such love. She therefore expresses at the same time a thirst for moral goodness, and it is this longing for moral perfection that leads her into a deeper, more loving relationship with God and His creation.