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논문검색은 역시 페이퍼서치

근대영미소설검색

British and American Fiction


  • - 주제 : 어문학분야 > 영문학
  • - 성격 : 학술지
  • - 간기: 연3회
  • - 국내 등재 : KCI 등재
  • - 해외 등재 : -
  • - ISSN : 1229-3644
  • - 간행물명 변경 사항 :
논문제목
수록 범위 : 23권 3호 (2016)

『프랑켄슈타인』에 나타난 남성성의 재현과 남성 간의 유대

박하정 ( Hajeong Park )
5,800
초록보기
Paying attention to the emphasis on masculinity and male relations in Mary Shelley`s Frankenstein, this essay discusses the ways in which male narrators establish male bonding by exchanging their life stories. While Walton lacks heterosexual desire and seeks explicitly male friendship on his voyage to the North Pole, Frankenstein seems to maintain an affectionate relationship with Elizabeth. However, Frankenstein`s relationship with Clerval, his dear friend from childhood, dominates in the novel, delaying his home coming and thus his reunion with Elizabeth, his fiance. Frankenstein`s intense feelings for Elizabeth are expressed twice, only in the scenes of death, imaginary and real. The essay also shows how the Creature`s expression of heterosexual desire can be read in connection with the prevalent theme of male friendship portrayed in the framing narratives of Walton and Frankenstein. All three male narrators address men (with the exception being Mrs. Salville) and exert themselves to exercise male power and to establish a male community. This essay argues that male friendship in the novel does not exclude sexual connotations and is achieved through the repression of women. The Creature`s adoption of a male identity implies his desire to control his female creature.

속박된 여성으로부터 벗어나기: 『평생 족쇄에 채워져』를 중심으로

손정희 ( Jeonghee Sohn )
6,200
초록보기
This paper examines how Lillie Devereux Blake, 19th-Century American activist and writer, attempts to deconstruct the constructed images of womanhood of her day in Fettered for Life (1874). Paralleling woman`s oppressed status to the “fettered” state of slaves, Blake explores woman`s possibility for freeing herself from the bondage of womanhood. Blake depicts a panoramic version of women`s “fettered” lives across class differences. Blake shows how women are subject to a constructed image of womanhood in the lives of Flora Livingston and Henrietta Winthrop, among others, who lead a socially-prescribed woman`s life. In contrast to these cases, Blake presents an alternative image of womanhood by creating Laura Stanley, who endeavors to make her own living and to make her voice heard. In addition, Blake makes a trenchant critique of stereotyped images of womanhood by creating Frank Heywood, who strategically crossdresses and works as a journalist in the public sphere, and Cornelia D`Arcy, who chooses to be a female doctor and an active participant in the women`s rights movement. Despite the ambiguous ending of Laura`s impending marriage and the unavoidable limitations of Frank`s crossdressing, Blake advocates the need for feminist activism and women`s suffrage in Fettered for Life, by presenting a multi-faceted view of the woman question, and making a strong case for ways to reform the status quo.

존 윌리엄스의 『부처스 크로싱』과 미국 서부소설의 진화

엄기동 ( Gidong Aum )
5,200
초록보기
This paper examines John Williams`s Butcher`s Crossing in light of the “New Western” that developed in the 1960s. The writers of the New Western, or the “Anti-Western,” appropriate, revise, and ultimately rewrite the traditional Western and the history of the West. In the process of rewriting many postmodern writers broke away from traditional novels and relied on “metafiction,” a literary device that is employed to juxtapose fictional reality with their own reality. But as implied in his statement, “The iconoclasm need not be loud and messy,” Williams was less concerned with genre convention unless he would allow it to control his material, story, or character. What he was more serious about, though, was all the “lies” that the traditional Western, with its enormous popular appeal, had delivered to the public, as if they were what really happened. This is why Williams in Butcher`s Crossing constantly takes issue with Ralph Waldo Emerson`s Transcendentalism and with Frederick Jackson Turner`s Frontier Thesis. In an interview, Williams said that “there`s a very real sense in which `the West` does not, did not ever, exist. It`s a dream of the East.” This paper will show how Williams confirms and dramatizes his statement in Butcher`s Crossing.
5,700
초록보기
This paper examines the urban experience of Leopold Bloom, the urban peripatetic hero of James Joyce`s Ulysses and qualifies his experience as one of the representative modes of experience in the European metropolises at the turn of the twentieth century. Turn-of-the-century European metropolises were characterized by distractions emanating from exponentially increasing population, commodities and information. On the other hand, the same urban space was also highly rationalized. Rationalization schemes such as urban planning and census taking were executed to organize the distracting urban chaos. The Irish capital city of Dublin, the geographic setting of Joyce`s novel, was also under the influence of distraction and rationalization. Situated within this context, Joyce`s hero Bloom represents an exemplary metropolitan type who experiences and copes with the distracting and rationalizing forces of metropolitan Dublin on a very individual level. Distracted and rationalized in the urban space of the city, Bloom is occasionally fragmented and mechanized. However, he appropriates the distractions of the rationalizing urban space to create moments of meaningful experience. These meaningful moments, connected to and mixed with his cherished memories of the past, are the driving forces that enable Bloom to preserve his self-coherence.
6,200
초록보기
In Journal of a West India Proprietor, Matthew Lewis records his experiences in Jamaica, which he visited after inheriting two sugar plantations from his father. During his visits, he establishes “a new code of laws” that, despite ameliorating the conditions of his slaves, upholds the institution of slavery. In order to convince his readers of the legitimacy of his new regulations, Lewis writes a stilted narrative that endeavors to maintain an appearance of social order. I, however, argue that this semblance of order disintegrates in the account of his sea voyages, which comprise a significant portion of the journal. When we consider that the ocean was figured as a volatile and lawless space in Britain`s geographical imagination during this period, this is no great surprise. Yet I suggest it is such attributes that also enable Lewis to explore issues he is hesitant to discuss in Jamaica. In addition to allowing the rebellious slaves, whom he silences in the island section of the text, to speak more freely, he examines the immorality of institutionalized slavery during his transoceanic voyages, thereby making the sea a site of political freedom. The boundaries Lewis strives (with limited success) to establish between land and the sea, however, collapse after he visits Hordley, resulting in a resounding silence during his final voyage to England.

Daniel Deronda: Modern Women in the Modern World

( Jian Choe )
5,100
초록보기
Daniel Deronda presents George Eliot`s social vision with its dual plots being inextricably interlocked in thematic parallelism. The split fictional world represents the social reality of contemporary England, in which opposing worldviews and social forces were intensely contested. Division is not just the form of the novel, but also constitutes its social and moral theme. While the Jewish plot represents a culture of traditional communitarianism, the English plot, formally and semantically counterpointed with the former, is set up as an emblem for an alienating modern society. Characterization in the English section, which evinces the unsettling aspects of modern existence, claims attention. Particularly notable is the representation of modern femininity, which indicates George Eliot`s engagement with feminism, a topical issue of her time. In characters like Gwendolen and Leonora, the writer carves out a new kind of femininity which is transgressive of the Victorian codes of womanhood, seeking to redefine woman`s role and place in society. Leonora stands for female empowerment and self-assertion and Gwendolen, the more subtly drawn of the two, appears a stranded figure. The latter represents the complexity of modern femininity, exhibiting the plights and dilemmas of a modern woman in the making and, in this respect, prefigures the heroines of twentieth-century novelists such as Henry James, D. H. Lawrence or E. M. Forster.
6,300
초록보기
This essay examines Francis Godwin`s seventeenth-century configurations of plants, animals, and machines in The Man in the Moone: or A Discourse of a Voyage Thither by Domingo Gonsales the Speedy Messenger. It investigates human-nonhuman relationships and the possibility of nonhuman agency as exemplified within the text. In contrast to previous scholarly readings of the text as a prototypical early modern lunar voyage narrative, this essay focuses on Gonsales`s unusually entangled relationships with botanical and zoological species in such liminal places as St Helena and the moon. Gonsales, in cataloging a variety of plants, animals, and their seasonal behavior, illustrates not only an anthropocentric way of producing knowledge in the allegedly colonial site, but also his increasing awareness of nonhuman agency and his multi-layered implications with them. Equally importantly, Gonsales`s use of wild fowls―what he calls gansas―as a flying machine signals a culmination of early modern technological imagination. In exploring Gonsales`s inter-special relationships and technological imagination, ones reflecting major shifts in early modern inventions and knowledge-making as exemplified in Francis Bacon`s Novum Organum, this essay asserts that Godwin`s seventeenth-century fantastic voyage, in effect, suggests that accumulative knowledge of nonhuman others might entail both affective and cognitive understandings of them.
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