글로버메뉴 바로가기 본문 바로가기 하단메뉴 바로가기

논문검색은 역시 페이퍼서치

언어와 정보사회검색

Language & information society


  • - 주제 : 어문학분야 > 언어학
  • - 성격 : 학술지
  • - 간기: 연3회
  • - 국내 등재 : KCI 등재
  • - 해외 등재 : -
  • - ISSN : 1598-1886
  • - 간행물명 변경 사항 :
논문제목
수록 범위 : 21권 0호 (2014)

민족어의 타동성과 형태(·)통사부 -유형론적 접근-

고영근 ( Yong Kun Ko )
5,700
초록보기
The proto-transitivity has been recognized since the early stages of Korean grammatical research. The NP phrases which take accusative marker ‘ul/lul’ have been recognizied as typical transitivity. Moreover the lul/ul NP(including adverbial phrase) which have been attached to intransitive verbs had been treated as transitive constructions. However, I think that those constructions should be treated as psydo-transitive constructions. The Korean transitivities are realized in four components grammatical components. Firstly, [【transitivity] are realized by alternation of suffixes in word-formation components. Secondly, [【transivity] are taken and lost by attachment of affixes in morphosyntactic components. Thirdly, [【transitivity] are expressed by alternation of suffixes in inflectional components. Fourthly, when heads function as objects of preceding gerund -n in the relative clauses, prefinal endings -o- are reaslized. In other words, Korean transivities are identified wordformation component, morphological component and morphosyntactic component. These facts offer a ground for establishment of morphosyntactic component in addition to morphological component and syntactic component. Korean transitivity could be spotlighted cross-linguistically. There are many phenomina to be illuminated and should be still explored. Especially the markers and functions for transivity in relative verbal noun constructions are many rooms for searches. Further more even the verbs of same meaning could be transitives or intransitives according to languages. These problems could be counted as a research theme of linguistic typology.

한국어 동사의 종결성(telicity)에 대한 연구

김천학 ( Cheon Hak Kim )
6,400
초록보기
In this paper, I will examine how to apply the telicity on Korean aspectual studies. The term ‘telic’ means that a verb has a terminal point as the original feature. Telicity is a very important study on the aspectual thesis, because the sentence meaning can be changed according to the telicity. This paper has three interesting foci. First, I will examine the verbal class depending on the telicity. Second, I will research into the cases how to change the telicity according to the arguments in the sentences. Finally, I will research into the function of the telicity on the aspectual studies in Korean. It is important to know that the main function of the telicity on the aspectual studies, because it can lead to the representation of the sentences.
6,500
초록보기
This paper discusses the emergence of the isomorphism between the causative and passive suffixes in Manchu-Tungusic languages, and argues that the transitivity of a sentence plays a pivotal role. It defines the transitivity of a sentence as the degree of individuation of the arguments, and proposes the grammaticalization path from causative to passive. In addition, it rejects the previously suggested route through the reflexive-causative, and suggests the direct grammaticalization path from the permissive-causative to the factitive-causative and the passive. It is due to the fact that the Manchu-Tungusic causative morpheme stems from the lexical verb which means ‘give’. In turn, The less agentive agent of the causative construction triggers the passive reading. Various pieces of evidence from cross-linguistic perspectives are provided in order to support the argument.

현대 중국어 사동문과 타동성

박은석 ( Eun Sok Park )
6,400
초록보기
This paper analyzes Modern Mandarin Chinese causative sentence with transitivity. This paper agree with the view, which is transitivity is not just limited to verbs, but associated with the clause. And also agree with the other view, transitivity can have degrees. In Modern Mandarin Chinese, causative is one of the most representative transitivise mechanism. This paper mostly analyzes the causative sentences made from causativising adjective sentences and intransitive sentences. The elements influencing transitivity of Modern Mandarin Chinese causative sentences are implicativity, agency, affectedness, the properties of predicate, and the types of meaning. In causative sentences, if cause event implies effect event, the causative sentence assures the result. So transitivity of the causative sentence is stronger than the causative sentence which does not assure the result. The elements influencing agency of Modern Mandarin Chinese causative Sentence are animacy, volition, control, responsibility, and directness of causative relation. If the animacy, volition, control, responsibility, and directness of causative relation of the causative sentence have higher degrees, the transitivity of the causative sentence becomes stronger. In Modern Mandarin Chinese causatives, affectedness of causee can differ depending on the causee``s animacy and causee``s control of effect event. If the causee``s control of effect event is stronger, the affectedness of causee becomes weaker, as the result, the transitivity of the sentence is weaker. The transitivity of the causative sentence having the predicate expresses concrete, dynamic, perceptional, perfect and external action is stronger than the transitivity of the causative sentence having the predicate expresses internal, psychological action. And the transitivity is differ depending on the types of meaning of Modern Mandarin Chinese causative sentences. The transitivity of the ‘direct action’ meaning causative sentence is the strongest. The transitivity of the ‘cause’ meaning causative sentence is weaker than ‘direct action’ meaning causative sentence because of weak agency. The transitivity of the ‘order’ meaning causative sentence is weaker than ‘cause’ meaning causative sentence because of weak affectedness. The transitivity of the ‘permission’ meaning causative sentence is weaker than ‘order’ meaning causative sentence because of weak agency and weak affectedness. The transitivity of the ‘leaving with intention’ meaning causative sentence is weaker than ‘permission’ meaning causative sentence because of weak agency and weak affectedness. The transitivity of the ‘leaving without intention’ meaning causative sentence is weaker than ‘leaving with intention’ meaning causative sentence because of weak agency.

중국어의 이동타동구문과 "V+P{給/與}+OR+OT" 구문

박정구 ( Jung Ku Park ) , 강병규 ( Byeong Kwu Kang )
5,700
초록보기
The purpose of this paper is to account for the diachronic change of ‘V+P+O(R)+O(T)’, one of ditransitive constructions in Chinese. In modern Chinese, the argument alignment pattern of ‘V+P+O(R)+O(T)’ construction is the same as that of ‘V+O(R)+O(T)’ construction except for having a ‘P’ following ‘V’. But these two constructions have undergone different diachronic changes. According to the diachronic investigation of Chinese corpus, there is a strong possibility to assume that the ‘V+P+O(R)+O(T)’ construction was developed from the ‘V+P+(O)’ construction which focalized the recipient argument contrary to ‘V+O(T)’ focalizing the theme argument. Its theme argument was additionally supplemented later because ‘V+P’ was reanalyzed as a ditransitive verb.

타동성 논의에 포함될 필요가 있는 문법적 연어의 특징에 대하여

임근석 ( Geun Seok Lim )
6,200
초록보기
This paper aims to clarify that the discussion of the transitivity in Korean, in order to show the overall figure of its transitivity, should deal with some grammatical collocations such as ‘-에 대해, -을 가지고, -을 보고’ etc. To obtain this goal we re-examine the prototypical features of transitivity studied by many scholars both at home and abroad, and show the unit-ness of grammatical collocations and an indirect evidence that some non-canonical markers are used in some languages, especially for the sentences in low degree transitivity. When we regard the transitivity as a collection of prototypical features, we could get the potential result that the sentences, using accusative marker ‘-을/를’ for their objects, show wide distribution on the types of transitivity, on the contrary the sentences, using the grammatical collocations instead of the accusative marker, only show quite restricted and low-degree transitivity.

현대 일본어의 사역문과 서술의 유형

최서영 ( Seo Young Choi )
6,100
초록보기
In general, the event predication is expressed by verb sentences and property predication is expressed by nominal and adjective sentences. Causative sentences belong to verb sentence, represent event predication(such as “Kantoku-ga senshu-wo hasiraseta(Coach made players run)”) more often, but can also represent property predication(such as “Kurayami-wa ningen-wo obiesaseru(Darkness make human feel the fear)”). While there has been a great deal of research of the causative sentences of the event predication type, the property predication type remain under-researched. In previous studies of causative sentences, the example of property predication type was pointed out but was not analyzed specifically. In this background, Choi(2010), based on corpus investigation, analyzed how the event predication and property predication is represented by types of causative sentences. And this paper, follow- up study of Choi(2010), focused on the structural and semantic features of property predication type. The conclusion which can be drawn from this study is following: 1) The structures of property predication types are represented as “X-wa …V(s)aseru”, “X-wa …V(s)asesru Xⅴdearu”, “X-(ni)wa …V(s)aseru x-ga aru”, “X-wa …V(s)aseru gokoga- dekiru”, “X-wa …V(s)aseruhodo Adj.”, “…V(s)aseru X”, “Some negative forms of Causative sentences”. 2) Kinds of properties are as follows: In inanimate subject sentence, there are the types describe nature, effect, shape and color of thing. And in animate subject sentence, there are the types describe personality, ability, and appearance of person.

연결어미+하다 구성의 문법적 특징

한명주 ( Myung Ju Han )
7,100
초록보기
The construction of ‘conjunction+ 하다’ works as single unit in a sentence and its has a new meaning which cannot be explained with compositionality. In this thesis, I call this kind of single unit as ‘construction’ and give a position as a grammatical unit. I investigated the non-separability to prove that ‘conjunction+하다’ construction is single unit. It cannot allow putting any other grammatical constituent in between and its whole construction can have anaphoric phenomenon. Also conjunction cannot be separated from ‘하다’ in cleft sentence. I also investigated the presence of ‘construction’ in the sentence through the syntagmatic relation with the representative grammatical category of Korean language like ‘tense’, ‘honorifics’ and ‘modality’. Modality of ‘conjunction+하다’ construction can be recognized as ‘Intention’, ‘Desire’, ‘Obligation’, ‘Causative’.
1