This paper aims to examine the ideologies and composition of the Hwa Ak(<華岳>) Coterie and how regional characteristics of Milyang are represented by looking at Hwa Ak, which had not been identified, in order to provide a stepping stone for the explanation of Milyang`s literary history. First, Hwa Ak is the literary group`s media that can help shed a light on the regional literature in Milyang during the period of Korea`s independence from Japanese colonial rule, and its first issue was published in June 1947 by the Hwa Ak Coterie. It seems to have been closed down with its second issue on December 1, 1947, because of the lack of their editing skills and struggling printing house. As leftist groups gained ground in Milyang area during the early Independence period, Deungbul(<등불>) could have been published, while the oppression by the American military administration rapidly reshaped the regional culture, leading to the publication of Hwa Ak The Hwa Ak Coterie, which had not involved in media struggles and found no other group to enter into the consciousness of the other at the time of its inauguration, stood for pure nationalism advocating simple regionalism for the improvement of local culture and the integration of different ideologies. Amidst the growing disenchantment at the political reality, the coterie turned its eyes to their native country from political arguments. Therefore, Hwa Ak vividly describes how local figures in Milyang could grab power in the literary circles during the disorderly Independence Period. Second, the Hwa Ak Coterie`s priority was to publish its coterie magazine and to conduct research activities. In terms of its membership, the group was pretty open to new members without special restrictions. Notably, no members had professional writing experiences, and the level of their awareness and understanding of literature as well as the quality of their literary works were relatively low. It is fair to say, therefore, that Hwa Ak is not so much a professional literary coterie magazine as a comprehensive magazine published by like-minded local figures who wanted to raise the awareness and understanding of local culture. Third, when it comes to the magazine`s contents, its collection includes poems, Chinese poems, novels, essays, critics, translated works, criticism on current topics, local news and others. In accordance with the objectives of the group, its first issue contains poems, Chinese poems and criticism about Yeongnamnu Pavilion, but literary works related to the region were excluded in the second issue. The two issues publishes 12 poems, 4 Chinese poems, 2 novels, 2 essays in total, but all of them are short compositions. The tradition of publishing a local medium with in-depth understanding of Milyang region was succeeded by Hyangto Munhwa(<鄕土文化>) and Mun Lim(<文林>) Fourth, poems about Yeongnamnu Pavilion reflect the lifestyle of the speaker by depicting Milyang`s natural beauty. The picturesque views surrounding Yeongnamnu are epitomized as paramount beauty of Milyalng unmatched by any attractions in the country. In particular, the symbol of Yeongnamnu shared by the local residents helped to maintain the public awareness of the place, and it seems that the significance of the pavilion has been reproduced and disseminated through this process. On the contrary, "Ak Mong(Nightmare)" by Park, Tae-Eul set in Milyang has been recognized as an important source for historical records which show the lifestyles of the time. The structuralized binary opposition displays the choice that intellectuals had to make in dealing with the reality and overcoming challenges facing the local community in Milyang at the time. Milyang successfully established a stable regional literary society in a short period of time between the Independence Period and the late 1950s. As literary art fell under the control of the government, literary activities in early 1960s greatly contracted and lost momentum. This example well reflects the destiny of regional literature in the history of Korean Literature. To have a closer look at the Milyang`s regional literature during the Independence Period and the trend among the intellectuals, it is necessary to finish off the study on the unchartered Deungbul. Another useful source is Mun Lim produced during the Korean War. When the in-depth researches on these works are complete, the literary history in Milyang can be fully explained.