This paper aims at closely examining the overall state and characters of student coterie magazines published in Busan area during the Korean War period. Reshuffle of the literary circles and changes in literary fields during the war period, literary conditions driving young writers to the literary field, foundations and procedures for the formation of student literary coteries, their organization and ideological orientation, changing status of coterie members, literary exchanges and regional solidarity and the advance to the institutional literary circle have been explored. First, the newly established refuge literature following the reshuffle of the literary world during the Korean War period, extensive production and utilization of media, occasional experiences of publishing media by the Busan and Gyeongnam Literary Society, hosting of nationwide literary events such as Yeongnam Arts Festival Writing Contest provided substantial and physical foundation to usher in the era of student literary coterie magazines. In particular, various events arranged by the Federation of Cultural Organizations, including literary lecture and poetry recitation events served as important factors in reshaping the cultural and artistic landscape, and provided young writers aspiration in literature. The publication of new magazines motivated young writers to create literary works, providing a stepping stone for the transition to the students` literary world. The Yeongnam Arts Festival Writing Contest where respected writers across the nation participated provided young and promising writers with an important opportunity to boost their literary enthusiasm. Second, it is hard to regard student literary coteries as professional organizations strongly advocating specific literary ideologies. But, beginning with 『Seoji』(『瑞枝』), which was followed by 『Cheonyeoji』(『處女地』), 『Sinjakpum』(『新作品』) and 『Sijo』(『詩潮』), they were leading the coterie literature in Busan area in the 1950s. Against this backdrop, students` coteries continued to strengthen their solidarity with young writers in Busan and Gyeongnam areas, laying the groundwork for the regional literature for the post-war period. Third, students` coteries in Busan area during the Korean War period continued to promote horizontal and vertical combinations as well as literary exchanges between areas (Busan and Jinju, Busan and Masan, Masan and Tongyeong) and between generations (older generation and literary follow-up generation). It seems that these efforts allowed them to grow into regional coteries with professional capabilities, making it easier for their members to enter the bigger institutional literary circle. Regional literature in Busan during the war period was faced with a challenge to establish its own literary society as the refuge literature began to be dissolved. Persistent literary activities of student literary coteries played a key role in solidifying its identity. Though short-lived due to the temporary refuge literature and internal problems, student literary coteries were able to enhance their status in the major literary institution, serving as a key factor in forming and developing Busan`s regional literature. Their literary activities during the Korean War period can be said to be the milestone demonstrating the growth and development of post-war literary generation in the history of Busan and Gyeongnam Literature and its relationship with the institutional literature.