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> 영주어문학회 > 영주어문 > 23권 0호


The Journal of Yeongju Language & Literature

  • - 주제 : 어문학분야 > 언어학
  • - 성격 : 학술지
  • - 간기: 연3회
  • - 국내 등재 : KCI 등재
  • - 해외 등재 : -
  • - ISSN : 1598-9011
  • - 간행물명 변경 사항 :
수록 범위 : 23권 0호 (2012)

유배문학 연구의 과제

허춘 ( Chun Heo )
영주어문학회|영주어문  23권 0호, 2012 pp. 5-19 ( 총 15 pages)
The study summarizes earlier researches on exile literature and suggests some issues to investigate further. Exile, one of the types of punishment in the Chosun Dynasty period, was as severe as the death penalty was. The nobility was a target, so arts and literature of the nobility had a lot to do with exile. For this reason, Studying on how "exile" has an influence on arts and literate of the nobility is very significant and meaningful. Earlier studies on exile literature have developed in three ways. First, bibliographical studies, that is, studies of contents, writers and social background, have been conducted. Second, based on bibliographical researches, writers` inner conflicts have been investigated. Third, literal conceptualization of exile literature in an area that needs more research. Setting up the concept of exile literature: The notion of exile literature needs to extend the scope of application. Exile literature should include not only experiences in a place of exile but events and feelings on the way to exile. Field survey and profiling : Each exile has different social and political background such social status and faction. Field survey and profiling of exiles should take precedence to understand the big picture of exile literature. A virtuous cycle and a vicious cycle resulted from exile: How exile affects political affairs he manages after being released from exile and literary works should be verified. Differences depending on a place of exile: How a place of exile (whether a island or the mainland) has an influence on an exile`s life and literary works should be taken into consideration. An attitude toward exile: An attitude toward exile can be categorized and investigated according to time, place and social status (the civil or military nobility). The importance of an integrated view-point: In addition to individual case studies of exile, it is important to integrate cases as literary works. Historical investigation of exile literature: It is necessary to accumulate data of literary works and to develop historical investigation of exile literature. This can make exile literature acknowledged as a significant field of literature.
This abstract is focused on how the writing influences on the one`s life while he or she is sent into the exile, which is the peculiar experience in one`s life. The exile is a very strong shock to him or her without the gravity of the offense. Of course, even though the intensity and absorption of the shock vary from individuals to individuals, when the deportee were forced out to the new environment, they reveal their own character in their way how they manage their new life. Also, these revealed character reflects on their writing both directly and indirectly, and the writing is built into both distinct characteristic and personality. Moreover, the actual exile life is involved in the writing. Since one`s exile is different from various reasons such as not only the position of the deportee and political circumstances but also the reason of exile, selection of the exile place, process of sending to the place of exile under escort, life in the place of exile, the time of dismissal from the exile, and the return to the office from dismissal, it is very important to approach the real exile experience to apprehend the deportee`s writing. Especially, since the living, reading, learning environment, and contacting and communicating with the outside are the very important factors to influence on one`s writing, it is important to examine those factors in detail. Based on these point of view, this abstract examines how the one`s writing influences on the one`s character and personality under the circumstance of the exile. The exile gives the absolute time and the shock at the same time in common, but the actual exile life based on the one`s political stance and the authority has an individuality. In this process, the deportee has his or her own writing skill based on place where he or she comes from, education, growing environment, and cultural preference. It is the result of which those factors have acted complexly that both Hong Han-Ju who was the member of faction of Noron Byuk as a Kyounghwasejok in 19th Century and Lee In-Haeng who was the Southerner of Yeong-Nam and was tried to overcome the political isolation.

금정찰방 좌천시기를 전후한 다산의 시문학 연구 -자정(自靖)과 자헌(自獻)의 의식을 중심으로-

김치완 ( Chi Wan Kim )
영주어문학회|영주어문  23권 0호, 2012 pp. 49-85 ( 총 37 pages)
As the term Tasan studies(茶山學) is in common use today thanks to the achievements of Tasan during the period of banishment, in many cases people pay attention to the poems intending to participate in the society of the period of banishment also when discussing the poetic literature of Tasan. However, even not in the period of banishment, the Confucianists in Joseon including Tasan can be seen to have possessed the critical consciousness and aesthetic consciousness based on concerned consciousness(憂患意識) as the characteristic of intellectuals since the Sung dynasty(宋代). With this as the prerequisite, this paper examined the theme appearing in the poetic literature of Tasan centering on the poems written by Tasan before and after 1795 when he was demoted to the upper director of Geumjeong Postal Station(金井察訪). In the replying poem of Tasan in the first half of 1795, the consciousness of dedicating oneself(自獻) to more actively respond beyond just to feel sympathy for the direction of King Jongjo in steering the country`s affairs is revealed. It can be said it is natural for Tasan to show a change in attitude of poetic narrator going through the period of demotion. However, the changes of attitude appearing in the poems that he wrote can be said to be the expression of self-comfortism(自靖) through the study of Confucian classics rather than the revelation of the process of emotions of denial - anger - compromise - depression - acceptance. Therefore, one can focus on the critical consciousness based on elegant beauty, tragic beauty and realism in the poetic literature of Tasan, but it can be also seen as significant to analyze the poetic literature of Tasan not as a product of personal space and time but in a large framework as participative literature based on sympathy.
This paper examines Korean classical chinese poems on islands and islets with a main attention to their aesthetic features and literary significance. It discusses three spatial features of islands. First, islands represent a transitional space from this world to the other world; and from the real to the ideal. Such an image causes poets to make romantic purification of their sorrows and concerns in the secular society. Second, islands are communicative space between natural objects and self. Poets have imaginative conversation with objects, which is understood as communicative process to achieve harmonious unity with the nature. Lastly, islands plays a role of agent to turn poetic sentiments into transcendental imagination, which is difficult to observe in the case of the mainland. Two major poets of islands were Im Eok-ryeong(林億齡) and Yun Sun-do(尹善道). Living in Honam(湖南) region, they were actively involved in writing poetry despite conservative Neo-Confucian world view. Their poems are characterized as the expression of unrestrained spirit and romantic imagination which stood in contrast with the mainstream of Confucian rigorism at that time. They struggled with the somber reality filled with contradictions and absurdity but they did not yield to it. Instead, they confronted the real world and resisted social conventions. Therefore, their poems could achieve strong individuality and unrivalled sensitivity although their literary thoughts were based on stern Confucian principles.

17세기 사대부의 제주 유배 체험과 그 문화적 성격

한창훈 ( Chang Hun Han )
영주어문학회|영주어문  23권 0호, 2012 pp. 109-129 ( 총 21 pages)
The objectives of this study were to analyze historical records showing the gentry`s experience in exile to Jeju during the 17th century and, by doing so, to reveal the cultural meanings of such experiences. In the 17th century, strife among political factions of literati became serious and, as a result, exiles occurred frequently as a social phenomenon, which in turn exerted considerable influences on the community of the Jeju Island. Exile is a punishment for political felons who escaped death but were sent to a remote place and isolated there for the whole life. Those whose crime was particularly serious were sent to an island like Jeju. Records showing experiences in exile to Jeju are mostly prosaic materials. These materials are ethnographic by nature, describing the general features of Jeju in their own ways, while there are few official records on the island. In addition, they commonly look at Jeju from the viewpoint of aliens, namely, others. This means that their view lacks in identity, which may be expected from Jeju natives. What are considered noteworthy from this aspect are some exiles` devoted activities to educate and enlighten people using their talents despite the hard environment of the place of exile. Although exile deprived them of their political roles, it could not infringe their scholarly roles. Accordingly, those who reestablished their status as a scholar and educator without being daunted by the environment of exile left indescribable intellectual heritages in the place of exile. Of course, these heritages were based on Neo?Confucianism. Thus, Neo? Confucian heritages in Jeju are believed to be the sociological outcomes of Jeju exile culture.

서재(西齋) 임징하(任徵夏)의 유배체험과 그 형상화

김새미오 ( Sae Mio Kim )
영주어문학회|영주어문  23권 0호, 2012 pp. 131-160 ( 총 30 pages)
This is a research analyzing exile literary of Seo-je, Im, Jing-ha(1687∼1730). Im, Jing-ha was a minister in the late Chosun Dynasty and he died from the investigation from the King, Yeong-jo because he was against the law, Tangpyeongchaek, therefore, he was exiled to Sun-an, Pyeongan Province and he translated into Je-ju island. Most his collection works was written in his exile times except early years. The author discuss this paper in chronological order based on these characteristics of his collection of works and analyzed his psychological situation, and .the context of his exile according to his literature works. First, the life and the reason of his exile was dealt and his literature and his exile literature was researched in honest from Sun-an to Jesu Island. Im, Jing-ha was feeling very anxious to head to Sun-an at first under the sentence of the exile. He expressed himself through application or news, which could be psychological sense of kinship coming from a concomitant feature such as banishment or exile. However, Im, Jing-ha`s exile in Sun-an was a relatively comfortable with the people around him and the ministers in the Sun-an area. His exile that was somewhat relaxed became imminent when he was decided to go into exile, in Jeju Island. At this time, Im, Jing-ha behaved courageous actions to overcome anxiety. However, such his appearance was uncontrollable, so it looks like a laughter with deep sadness. These contradictory appearance could be found in his poetry. His work created in Jeju Island is noticed with the relation from Kim, Chun-taek. Im, Jing-ha began to create a poem about Jeju for the response to the work of Kim, Chun-taek, and he respond the work of Kim, Chun-taek throughout his exile in Jeju island. It has a characteristic that connects Kim, Chun-taek`s literature with a sympathy about a exile in Jeju Island. Also Kim, Chun-taek respond to the poems of his father, Kim, Jin-gui, and they are evaluated as a literary performance as a mediator in Jeju Island. The similar form like poems about Jeju Island were created into poems about Tam-la by Hoe-heon, Cho, Gwan-bin or Cho, Jeong-cheol afterward. It is connecting the timeless sympathy of literature while sharing experiences of an exile from exiles in Jeju Island and timeless literary creations and Im, Jng-ha is thought as a mediator to connect them.

현대국어 "-단다" 구문의 문법화 동기에 대한 고찰

이숙 ( Sook Lee )
영주어문학회|영주어문  23권 0호, 2012 pp. 161-184 ( 총 24 pages)
This paper is concerned with the grammaticalization of ``tanta`` which is used as a declarative ending in contemporary Korean with an emphasis on cognitive motivation among language users. The grammaticalization of ``tanta`` has been resulted by the continuously changing strategies of cognition for the role of the verb ``hata``, according to the change of the quotation syntactic structure. The verb ``ha-`` had been initially used as a formal verb in order to adjust the mismatch between the syntactic and the semantic structure of the quotation sentence in early Korean. That seems to be the reason that the verb ``ha- had been recognized as a semantically weak verb, and that the grammaticalization had been motivated. It has also explained the cyclic strategy that motivates the change cyclically in that cognitive force reproduced the quotation verb ``ha-`` by semantic bleaching of various quotation verbs in order to fill the gap of ``ha-`` resulted by the grammaticalization. It has been also assumed that the grammaticalization of ``tanta`` has been motivated by the strategy of Subjectification that the speaker uses a language form to express her psychological attitude in discourse. Moreover, this paper proposed that Subjectification has been motivated by the cognitive force to renew the grammatical category of ``Speaker-Marking`` used in early Korean.

소멸위기의 제주방언 보전을 위한 방언 활성화 방안

강정희 ( Jeong Hui Kang )
영주어문학회|영주어문  23권 0호, 2012 pp. 185-205 ( 총 21 pages)
This discussion is to suggest the possibility of preserving the endangered Jeju dialect as cultural contents. The result of the discussion is as follows. Firstly, there have been no discussions about the development of Jeju dialect as cultural contents in Jeju dialectolgy so far. Secondly, making endangered Jeju dialect as cultural contents is one of the new ways to preserve the endangered Jeju dialect. Thirdly, the absence of professional storytelling and technicians is the biggest problem in this developmental process. Fourthly, academic organizations for training cultural storytelling, and raising authors are necessary. Fifthly, The important ways to preserve the endangered Jeju dialect are as follows. One is dialect education in school and another way is financial support by Juju province government and the last one is deep concern about Jeju dialect of Jeju people.

제주도 부속 섬 방언의 어휘 비교 연구 -우도,비양도,가파도를 대상으로-

김순자 ( Soon Ja Kim )
영주어문학회|영주어문  23권 0호, 2012 pp. 207-240 ( 총 34 pages)
This research focuses on comparing and studying the vocabularies in three inhabited dependent islets of Jeju Island, U-do, Biyang-do and Gapa-do. One on one or one on two interviews with Informants over mid-seventies in these islets were conducted on 304 dialect vocabularies. Just 62 words (21.67%) are commonly used in those three islets and 131 words (including duplicate 135 words, 45.80%) are used in two islets. Different forms of 73 words (25.52% of all categories) are researched in each islet. 59 words (45.03%) in both Biyang and Gapa-do, 37 words (28.24%) in both Gapa and U-do, and 35 words (26.71%) in both U and Biyang-do are commonly used. The result that various forms of dialect vocabulary are found in these three islets has a connection with administrative districts of Goryeo Dynasty, Dongdohyeon and Seodohyeon. Common word forms in Biyang-do and Gapa-do, which used to be part of Seodohyeon, are more than those in U-do, which used to be part of Dongdohyeon, and Biyang-do, and U-do and Gapa-do. Each islet is located separately so language is divided into different forms. That is why 73 different words (25.52%) are used in these small islets. One of the linguistic features of these islets is unique linguistic forms and high frequency of ancient language. There used to be less interchange with the main island, Jeju, before transportation system is developed. Because of the unique culture, different word forms and conservatism of language is shown. Moreover, some of vocabulary found in the main Jeju island is not researched in these small islets due to the influence of the natural and life environment. It can explain that linguistic environment is affected by the ecological environment. In addition, there are 13 words about plants out of 25 words which are not used anymore.

외국인을 위한 한국어 교육에 있어서의 문예 텍스트 활용 방안

서덕민 ( Deok Min Seo )
영주어문학회|영주어문  23권 0호, 2012 pp. 241-261 ( 총 21 pages)
This study inquires into the plan to make the most of literary text in the actual field of Korean education for foreign students. That the method of involving literature in language teaching should be made by offering adequate literary text to the actual field of education is the basic concept of this argument. Further research was made to find out the degree of literary text being used at the chalkface. According to the research, it was found that the literary text, which is used at the actual field of Korean education, comprises ancient stories and poems. Ancient stories, particularly, are widely used due, in large part, to their features that the Korean culture can be easily conveyed to foreign students, and also are being "rewritten" in diverse respects in the actual field of Korean education. In case of the poem, it is used extensively, on account of its short texts that can be easily compiled by textbook. A remarkable thing about the poem is that the most of literary texts exploited in the actual field of Korean education were made in 1920-30``s, which best represents the attitude of education settings that intends to use the texts verified in the history of literature. In order for the literary texts to be used in the actual field of Korean education, specific attention needs to be drawn to the following issues. Firstly, the texts created in around modern era must and shall be "rewritten" to lighten the burden of language teaching settings. Secondly, the texts, which may draw attention from foreigners, must and shall be selected and suggested. "Multi-cultural novel", which deals with the lives of foreigners, shall be considered to be a good option. Thirdly, the method of standardizing the texts must and shall be presented in consideration of beginner to intermediate learners in terms of adaption of literary texts.Provided that the literary texts are extended to the actual field of Korean education in consideration of the above, it is expected to form a basis that the literature can take part in the language teaching settings for foreingers. The particulars of method and procedure of processing recent texts for the purpose of education are not dealt with in this study. In addition, it seems practically difficult to answer the questions of to what degree the texts can be processed, and of how they can be used to introduce Korean literature. These parts shall be reinforced through further studies in a foreseeable future.
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