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논문검색은 역시 페이퍼서치

언어와 언어학검색

Language and Linguistics


  • - 주제 : 어문학분야 > 언어학
  • - 성격 : 학술지
  • - 간기: 계간
  • - 국내 등재 : KCI 등재
  • - 해외 등재 : -
  • - ISSN : 1225-4967
  • - 간행물명 변경 사항 :
논문제목
수록 범위 : 40권 0호 (2007)

상대적 엔트로피를 통한 어의 구분 필요 동음이의어 추출

김동성 ( Dong Sung Kim )
5,400
초록보기
In this paper, we propose an relative entropy based method to extract meaningful homonyms. Among different types of ambiguity, homonyms are the lexical ambiguity, which should be disambiguated. Since the corpus study reveals that one sense of homonyms favor predominance in usage, such kind of homonyms needs not to be disambiguated. Therefore, there is need to extract meaningful homonyms for disambiguation. Previous study suggests a method that considers the frequency and the frequency ratios. However, there is no correlation between the frequency and the frequency ratio. What we propose in this paper is to use the relative entropy to extract the proper meaningful homonym lists.

Nominal and Verbal Derivation in Old English: The Case of Ge-words

( Yoo Kang Kim )
6,000
초록보기
This paper is concerned with morphological derivation in Old English, specifically nominal and verbal derivation without affixation. Non-affixational derivation, which is traditionally called conversion, has been controversial in Old English word-formation. Morphologists` claims differ in the issues of the directionality of derivation and the postulation of a zero-morpheme. For example, Kastovsky (1968, 1992, 1996) argues for zero-derivation, postulating a zero-morpheme in Old English morphology while Dalton- Puffer (1992, 1993), Ritt (1993) and Lass (1993) give evidence against the assumption of zero-derivation in favor of affixless derivation (cf. Plag 2003). Concerning the directionality of affixless derivation, any principles or criteria for determining the directionality has not been offered in Old English morphology. Aiming to give alternative solutions to these two morphological problems, this article provides a morphological analysis of Old English ge-words. It is shown that the derivation of various derivative forms is accounted for by the interplay of Word- Class Marking and the Zero-Constraint without having the directionality problem. Furthermore, the non-occurrence of some derivatives is explained straightforwardly.

Grammaticalization through Analogy: A Case of Some Complex Prepositions

( Mi Kyung Ahn )
5,200
초록보기
This paper describes grammaticalization of the complex prepositions, because of and by reason of. By cause of is a loan translation of the French par cause de and by reason of followed [PREP+N+PREP] construction, by cause of through analogy. This paper also shows evolution of particular meanings and semantic changes, based on semantic designations of the causal connectives provided in Oxford English Dictionary (2nd ed.; 1991). Five major mechanisms are invoked here to explain such semantic changes, i.e. metaphor, metonymy, generalization, subjectification, and anthropocentricity. This investigation shows that semantic change is a complex process in which multifarious factors and mechanisms interplay. Finally this paper addresses different aspects of the current usage as well as the distributional characteristics of these complex prepositions by using the 100-million word British National Corpus. This study shows that given the distributional characteristics of these complex prepositions, the current usages of the prepositions are still restricted and affected by semantic persistence.

Minimalism and Biolinguistics

( Sun Woo Lee )
5,500
초록보기
This paper explores an assumption that crucial aspects of language can be studied as part of the natural world in the sense of the biolinguistic approach. In an effort to establish what should be contained in the study of biolinguistics, Bird (2006) recently proposed that biolinguistics should adopt the research scope of experimental psycholinguistics rather than Chomsky`s (2001b, 2004, 2005, 2006a,b) and Hauser, Chomsky, and Fitch`s (2002) strongly biological-linguistic one. The present article maintains that while Bird`s endeavor is still worth pursuing, the essence of research agenda is the one that Lee(2006) had, namely, a return to a research framework espoused by Chomsky (2001b, 2004, 2005, 2006a,b), Jenkins (2000, 2004) and the like, connecting biolinguistics to minimalism with focus on the aspects of principled explanation, computational efficiency, Merge, etc in accordance with the Strong Minimalist Thesis (SMT).
5,400
초록보기
This paper aims to analysis the reason why clitics are placed in different positions in these two dialects. Clitic placement in BP is very similar to the other romance languages such as French, Italian and Spanish. However, Clitic Placement in European Portuguese is very interesting because it allows not only proclisis but enclisis and even mesoclisis which are strictly ruled out in other romance languages including BP. In this paper, first, I try to explain the different placements of clitics by assuming that [+v] feature of Agrs is weak in EP and strong in BP. This contrast can explain why clitics in BP must precede the verb while they follows the verb in EP. The hypothesis that I propose in this paper, if it is not much mistaken, explain clitic placements in other romance languages. In the light of the similar placement of clitics in BP and the other romance languages, the conclusion that I propose here can be expanded to explain the clitic placement in these languages too.

인지 작용 양상에 따른 한국어 감탄 표현 연구

정선주 ( Sun Ju Jeong )
5,400
초록보기
The main purpose of this paper is to examine the pattern and the characteristics of exclamatory sentences according to the aspects of cognitive working of Korean. Since the researches of such sentences have mainly been achieved in terms of the classification of type of sentences, researches of ‘-ku-’ class final ending , such as ‘-ku, -kuna’, or the mood-related take most parts. The main interests of this research are to establish the boundary of the exclamatory sentences in terms of pragmatics in a broad sense; to set it up extensively; and to study the aspects of cognitive working when we speak to exclamatory sentences. The exclamatory sentences can be classified into two types: 1. reflected exclamatory sentences: instant expression when a person responses from a stimulus 2. cognitive exclamatory sentences: relatively more lagged responses than reflected exclamatory sentences due to time required to think and response.

한,중 1, 2, 3차원 형상성 분류사 소고(小考)

최재영 ( Jae Young Choi ) , 박주명 ( Joo Myung Park )
6,300
초록보기
This study considered the characteristics, similarities, and differences of 1, 2, and 3 dimension classifiers. It was analyzed into the semantic meaning analysis method based on appearance classifiers between in Korean and in Chinese. Korean appearance classifiers have ‘Kadak(가닥), Karak(가락), Kaebi(개비)’(one dimension);‘ Jang(장), Mae(매), Nip(닢)’(two dimension); ‘Al(알), Tol(톨), Bangwool(방울), Jeng(정), Mo(모) ’(3dimension)and soon, Chinese appearance classifiers have ‘Dao1(道1), Gen(根), Gu(股), Liu(류), Lou(縷), Si(絲), Xian(線), Shu1(束1), Tiao(條)’(1dimension); ‘Pian(片), Zhang(張), Dao2(道2)’(2dimension); ‘Ke(顆), Li(粒), Di(滴), Wan(丸), Kuai(塊), Shu2(束2)’(three dimension). These common meaning qualities are [-width],[-height],[±length], [±large size], [±flexibility](one dimension); [+width], [-height], [±flexibility] (two dimension); [+width],[+height],[±circle], [±solid] (three dimension), etc.

Genitive-Initial Sentences in Russian and the Typology of Case Assignment

( Suk Hoon Choo ) , ( Jun Hee Hong ) , ( Ji Young Hwang )
5,700
초록보기
Russian has a distinction sentence type, the Genitive-Initial sentence, in which an NP stands at the beginning of the sentence in the Genitive case, with the meaning of quantity. The remainder of the sentence is devoted to specifying the quantity involved; no quantifier is present in the NP at the beginning of the sentence. This article describes the construction and offers an analysis of case assignment mechanism involved. It is shown that the NP cannot be analyzed as having moved from a lower position in the sentence where an overt quantifier is situated. Additionally, arguments are provided against analyses previously offered in the literature which posit a null quantifier in the initial NP. The NP must be base-generated in its initial position.

성서에 나타난 세 언어 모티프에 대하여

홍승우 ( Sung Woo Hong )
5,300
초록보기
This essay refers to following three linguistic motives in the Bible: logos thought, Adam`s language, and the origination of its diversity from the Babel. These motives are still found in fundamental problems of general linguistics and linguistic philosophy, and there are still in operation on various linguistic research: 1) Logos thought, which says that language and thinking are not different but different sides of one object, had a great effect on German mysticism and reached its climax by Joh. G. Hamann. The dualism and the unified theory on the relationship between language and thought emerged as an alternative to the monism. 2) In Adam`s language, the following linguistic understanding can be confirmed: Adam needed a language even though he had no one to talk to. In order words, language is a precondition to constitution and understanding of the world. Communication by language can be possible only if this condition is assumed. 3) From the incident of Babylon, God did not deprive us of language itself but made it diverse. From a linguistics` viewpoint, this can be interpreted not as punishment but as blessing. From this incident, members of one linguistic community can constitute and understand the world for their interests and needs without the constraint of the only language.
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