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논문검색은 역시 페이퍼서치

언어와 언어학검색

Language and Linguistics


  • - 주제 : 어문학분야 > 언어학
  • - 성격 : 학술지
  • - 간기: 계간
  • - 국내 등재 : KCI 등재
  • - 해외 등재 : -
  • - ISSN : 1225-4967
  • - 간행물명 변경 사항 :
논문제목
수록 범위 : 56권 0호 (2012)

English mixing in K-pop across genres

( Sang Gu Kang )
7,600
초록보기
This paper examined 700+ Korean pop songs to probe the frequency and pattern of English mixing across six main genres: trot, rock, ballad, dance, R&B, and hip-hop. Since genres have fairly predictable sets of regularly occurring and conventional forms, English use in each genre is expected to differ. Frequency of mixing was measured using the proportion of songs that contained English in each genre, while mixing pattern was investigated using a mixing scale that contained seven levels. Then, I suggest factors that trigger English mixing: time of introduction, theme of lyrics, and key of melody. Combining these factors accounts for the general tendency of English use in different genres.

Korean Children`s Interpretation of Binding Reflexives and Pronouns

( Saero Mi Kim ) , ( Seok Hoon You ) , ( Eun Jeong Oh )
6,900
초록보기
This paper has two goals. First, it investigates Korean children``s knowledge of Binding Principles A and B. Secondly, it evaluates the validity of two competing hypotheses on acquisition of Principle A, the Subset Principle and the Relativized SUBJECT Theory, using four reflexives (caki, casin, caki-casin, and pronoun-casin). The two hypotheses have divergent predictions: the former predicts preference for local binding whereas the latter predicts a bias toward long-distance binding across the board. The results show that Korean children acquire Principle A prior to Principle B and that the children have clear preference for local binding throughout, supporting the Subset Principle.

한국어의 위치동화는 왜 수의적인가?

박선우 ( Sun Woo Park )
6,900
초록보기
This paper aims to investigate the optionality of Korean place assimilation. In rule based theory the optionality of place assimilation was attributed to the specific nature of phonological rules. Constraint based theory introduced re-ranking and reversible ranking to explain the optionality. On the basis of markedness theory, I assume the markedness of words and phonological strings is strengthened by optional rules and weakened by obligatory rules. Phonological Complexity (PC, Goldsmith 2002) accurately reflects the changes of markedness and wellformedness by place assimilation. The increase of PC predicts that Korean place assimilation would be prevented optionally to avoid the reinforcement of markedness and illformedness.

Compensatory Lengthening and Vowel Shortening in Korean: A Conspiracy Effect

( Chang Kook Suh ) , ( Seok Mun Pak )
5,600
초록보기
Rule-based theory fails to make the prediction of the functional unity of phonological processes because it has no formal mechanism to express the notion of output goal of phonological rules (Kager 1999). According to Kisseberth (1970), the reoccurrence of a common output factor guiding different rules, without being explicitly stated in the rules, is called a ‘conspiracy``. These functionally related processes can be straightforwardly accounted for by OT. Vowel shortening and compensatory lengthening in Korean seem to be opposite at first glance, but we propose, in this paper, that the constraints proposed here engage in a conspiracy to obtain vowel shortening and compensatory lengthening. Rule-based theory, however, cannot explain this conspiracy effect directly in terms of the formal structure of the analysis because a rule uniquely determines the structural change in response to the structural condition. In contrast, the OT analysis succeeds in explaining this conspiracy by extracting the generalization that underlies it. In this sense, the OT account seems to provide a more satisfactory account of the two different processes in Korean: (vowel) shortening and (compensatory) lengthening.

후각과 냄새 그리고 언어적 표상

서종석 ( Jong Seok Soh )
6,000
초록보기
This paper explores the relation olfaction and language. Traditionally, odors have been much less investigated than vision in linguistic research. And, most of the world languages generally poor as for their usable olfactory lexicon. The main purpose of this study is to investigate how languages encode olfactory experiences. The olfactory experience is expressed or named through a large diversity of linguistic devices. We finally suggest that linguistic information associated to odors is deeply dependent of cultural experience.

인지연산문법틀 내에서의 동사 의미 기술과 형식화 작업

손호건 ( Ho Geun Son )
7,100
초록보기
This descriptive work of polysemy is part of the Cognitive and Applicative Grammar. It implements a number of assumptions and semantic/syntactic formal representations. We present here essentially semantic representations. They are summarized in the form of verbal predicates and arguments by mechanisms that rely on formal developments. On this basis, we present a French verb "avancer" ‘move forward’ and try to apply the same method to a Korean verb "phalda" ``sell``. We will therefore identify, order the salient meanings of "phalda", describe them as semantic-cognitive scheme with abstract semantic primitives, arrange them in structured semantic networks and make emerge eventually an invariant meaning.

관용표현의 통사적 변형에 대한 시론

안소진 ( So Jin An )
6,000
초록보기
The syntactic behavior of idioms is a matter of significant debate, in that it is closely related with conflict between syntactic status and lexical status of idioms. This writing reviewed research on the syntactic behavior of idioms, and then examined the status conflict, which needs to be explained in terms of semantic motivation. The metaphoric interpretation of the idioms`` constituents is suggested as the effective measure which can explain why some idioms can be syntactically changed and still retain their figurative meanings, while other idioms cannot be syntactically altered without losing their figurative meanings. The syntactic changes of idioms are motivated people``s intuitions about different knowledge domains to illustrate the meanings of idioms, and source-to-target domain mappings of the metaphors.

한국어 {자기/자신}의 의미적 특징 및 학습자 오류 분석

안주호 ( Joo Hoh Ahn )
6,300
초록보기
The focus of this paper will be to investigate the properties of the Korean reflexive pronouns {caki, sasin} and to analyze the errors made using these reflexive pronouns through the corpus of Korean learners. These two words {caki} and {sasin} are the traditional reflexive pronouns and are different from the Chinese words {自己}. The typical properties are like this. First, in general there are no differences in terms of usage between these two words {caki, sasin}. Second, only {sasin} can be used when wanting to emphasizing the usage. Third, in the reflexive usage, {caki} has many constraints. For example, one constraint that {caki} has is that you cannot use it when referring to first and second person. In contrast, {sasin} has no constraints. Also {sasin} can be used as the antecedent (honorable person) and in terms of frequency is also used more often than {caki}. However Korean learners use {caki} more than{sasin} because of the Chinese word {自己} as well as overgeneralization.

The Grammaticalization Approach to English “Fear”-derived Lexemes

( Sun Hee Yae )
5,800
초록보기
The aim of this paper is to address English ``fear``-derived lexemes of emotion language from the perspective of grammaticalization. The ``fear``-derived lexemes that concern us are adverbs such as awfully, dreadfully, fearfully, frightfully, hideously, horribly, panically, terribly, and adjectives such as afraid, awesome, dreadful, fearful, frightful, hideous, horrible, panic, scary, terrible, terrific, tremendous. The ``fear``-derived lexemes evolve into RL (Respect Lexeme), EM (Epistemic Modality), and DM (Discourse Marker). In the stage of RL, the ``fear``-derived lexemes are contentful. The stage of EM includes the emphatic marker (intensifier) and the evidential marker. The ``fear``-lexemes also function as the DM such as the exclamative marker, the politeness marker, the mitigator, and the pragmatic hedger. The grammatical development of ``fear``-derived lexemes in English verifies that English ``fear``-expressions provide theoretical implications of human emotion into linguistic conceptualization.

Dative Arguments in Unaccusative and Passive Constructions

( Doo Won Lee )
6,500
초록보기
The dative arguments with thematic roles of experiencer and possessor in the so-called dyadic unaccusative predicates, which are regarded as a quasi-transitive predicate with a vP phase here, trigger an intervention effect when the nominative objects move to the subject position above the dative argument, so inducing the unacceptable sentences. When a vP functions as a phase, the VP constituent will undergo transfer to the phonological and semantic components and thereafter cease to be accessible to further syntactic operations. At this point, the nominative object within the VP cannot move to the subject position. However, the dative argument does not trigger the intervention effect in the so-called typical unaccusative construction. Also in the passive construction, the complement can undergo movement to the subject position across the dative argument. At this point, the vP is not a phase because it is unaccusative by virtue of having no thematic external argument (e.g., no agent, no experiencer). When the syntactic derivation proceeds by merging the resulting vP with T, the VP-dative argument or nominative complement can undergo movement to Spec-TP for an EPP reason; hence, no intervention effect.
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