글로버메뉴 바로가기 본문 바로가기 하단메뉴 바로가기

논문검색은 역시 페이퍼서치

언어와 문화검색

The language and Culture


  • - 주제 : 어문학분야 > 언어학
  • - 성격 : 학술지
  • - 간기: 계간
  • - 국내 등재 : KCI 등재
  • - 해외 등재 : -
  • - ISSN : 1738-3641
  • - 간행물명 변경 사항 :
논문제목
수록 범위 : 16권 1호 (2020)
7,400
초록보기
This study examined the discourse-pragmatic functions of ‘-(u)nikka’, which functions as a final sentential ending through omission and inversion in spoken corpus. The functions of ‘-(u)nikka’ which performs the final sentential function through omission can be used in diverse ways as a ‘response with a reason presupposing the listener’s perception’,‘to confirm a reason’, ‘suggest understanding’, ‘suggest empathy’, ‘request consent’, ‘as an inducement for the listener’s response in the speaker’s conversation ’, and ‘indirectly revealing the speaker’s thoughts’. The main clauses of’‘-(u)nikka’ through inversion’ is used with the aim to clearly relate what the speaker wants to say about the utterance of the preceding speaker in the trailing clause located at the end of all utterances; with the aim to efficiently structure a conversation by providing the listener’s immediate thoughts on the subject or theme suggested by the speaker; and with the aim to explicitly bring up a new subject or theme. The ‘-(u)nikka, which performs the final sentential function through inversion is mainly used to explain the reason or situation. (Yonsei University)

관형사의 어순

고재설 ( Koh Jaesol )
7,500
초록보기
The purpose of this study is to define the relative word orders of Korean adnominals. In order to accomplish this aim, I subclassify adnominals into nominal-adnominals and predicative-adnominals at first, then into the traditional subclassifications as demonstrative, numeric and attributive adnominals. I argue that my subclassification gives more accurate explanations for some exceptional word order problems among many adnominals which are not solved till now. That is, while nominal-adnominals have relatively fixed syntactic positions as demonstratives - numerics - attributives respectably in their order, predicative-adnominals are not the same as that. Some predicative-adnominals observe the relative word order, but others do not. They are free in their syntactic positions, and these kinds of adnominals also show peculiar syntactic behaves which are not mentioned till now. That is, they can be conjugated with adjectives, be replaced by proform, and be modified by adverbs. These extraordinary phenomena are explained also.(Woosuk University)

한국어 학습자의 어순 오류 양상 연구 - 숙달도와 제1 언어를 중심으로 -

김보영 ( Boyeong Kim )
7,500
초록보기
This study aims to examine the interlanguage pattern of Korean word order by inductively analyzing errors of word order according to proficiency and L1 of Korean learners and confirming the distribution of word order error types. For this, the study identified the acquisition patterns of Korean word order based on 567,000 word Learners Corpus of 3,600 samples constructed by the National Institute of Korean Language. The analysis results are as follows: First, 157 word order errors were found in 149 Korean learners. Among them, Korean learners have the highest number of adverb word order errors which appeared 81 times (51.6%), followed by noun word order errors which appeared 50 times (31.8%). Discourse word order errors appeared 13 times (8.3%), sentence word order errors appeared 11 times (7.0%) and other word order errors appeared 2 times (1.3%) in this order. Second, the error frequency of adverb word order was the highest in common among beginner, intermediate, and advanced, and the error frequency of noun word order was the second highest. Though learners of beginner and intermediate level and learners of advanced and intermediated level each have differences in the error frequency ranking of sentence word order and discourse word order, it was not statistically significant. Third, the acquisition distribution of word order according to learner’s L1 was found to be statistically significant in the adverb order and the noun word order. In the case of adverb word order, Vietnamese learners had fewer errors in adverb word order than other learners, while Japanese learners had more adverb word order errors. Next, in the case of noun word order, Vietnamese learners had more noun word order errors than other learners of Korean, but English learners of Korean found fewer noun word order errors.(Yonsei University)

한국어 구어 문법 교육의 연구 동향 분석

김풀잎 ( Kim Poolip )
한국언어문화교육학회|언어와 문화  16권 1호, 2020 pp. 107-149 ( 총 43 pages)
11,800
초록보기
This study aims to analyze the trends of research in ‘spoken grammar’ in Korean language education to identify the ways the research was studied in the past and is being studied in the present, and also propose a direction for future research. To do this, Chapter 1 overviews preceding studies in relevant fields and Chapter 2 describes the research subject and methodology. Dissertations dated until November 2019 and extracted from a search using keywords ‘spoken language’, ‘grammar’, ‘education’, and ‘Korean language’will be subject to the study. Spoken grammar is ‘a rule where a word is formed instantly according to the correct grammar, such that it can be seen as a language system combining the knowledge in grammatical rules and demonstration of practical skills’. Depending on how deep one looks into the spoken language, it can be comprised of ‘rules which appear during conversations’ to ‘rules in pronunciation which include colloquialities of all levels’. Chapter 3 materializes the relationship between the keywords by performing year-on-year analysis and topic analysis, as well as keyword-based network analysis. The year-on-year analysis demonstrates that studies in spoken grammar has increased since 2009, while the topic analysis extracts dissertations on conversational levels, requiring communication conditions, the most. The keyword analysis reveals that the words frequently emerge simultaneously and have high centrality around keywords such as use, communication, corpus, function, speaker, reality, conversation, story, and performance. Chapter 4 proposes a direction for subsequent studies and Chapter 5 summarizes the research. This study is highly significant as it comprehends the research done on spoken grammar objectively and in detail, and proposes a direction for subsequent studies.(Seoul National University)

유학생의 서술형 답안 평가 결과 분석 - 한국어 교육 전공자를 중심으로 -

박지순 ( Park Jisoon )
한국언어문화교육학회|언어와 문화  16권 1호, 2020 pp. 151-179 ( 총 29 pages)
6,900
초록보기
This study analyzed the characteristics of the examination essays of international students and statistically verified which of the characteristics of the examination essays influenced the evaluation. Firsty international student essays showed that the higher the linguistic accuracy, the longer the total length, the richer the semantic structure, the higher the coherence, while the less formality of the style. Second, the higher the linguistic fluency, the longer the answer and the richer the semantic structure. Third, the total amount of text was correlated with all of the richness, accuracy of content, and coherence of contents, and strong correlation between richness and coherence of contents. In addition, the factors influencing the evaluation were ‘average number of propositions per topic’ indicating the richness of contents and ‘morpheme numbers’ indicating the amount of text. After interviewing the evaluator and the learner, the evaluators found that linguistic accuracy was not a decisive factor but showed a lack of knowledge of the major if it was below a certain level. In addition, it was found that the precise use of the terminology and the use of the coagulation device are considered important factors. (Yonsei University)

접속 부사 ‘그러니까’의 의미 기능과 실현 양상

성미향 ( Sung Mihyang )
한국언어문화교육학회|언어와 문화  16권 1호, 2020 pp. 181-204 ( 총 24 pages)
6,400
초록보기
The purpose of this study is to analyze the use of the connective adverb ‘Geureonikka’ in actual language data and to describe the semantic function and realization aspect of ‘Geureonikka’. This paper analyzed the semantic function of the connective adverb ‘Geureonikka’ and its realization aspect by focusing on the realization aspect in the written corpus. ‘Geureonikka’ is a polysemous connective adverb which has meaning of ‘causal’ and ‘elaboration’, and there are similarities and differences between the two semantic functions. The ‘Geureonikka’ of ‘causal’ represents ‘foregrounded nature’, which is including new contents in the relationship with preceding contents by forming the relationship between preceding sentence and following sentence with ‘cause-effect’. On the other hand, the ‘Geureonikka’ of ‘elaboration’ is different since it has a ‘backgrounded nature’, which is not involved in the progress of the story by describing the same event or situation with homogeneity in a different expression method. (Yonsei University)

담화표지의 화제 결속 기능 연구 -화제 시작 기능을 중심으로-

심란희 ( Shen Lanji )
한국언어문화교육학회|언어와 문화  16권 1호, 2020 pp. 205-227 ( 총 23 pages)
6,300
초록보기
This study aims to categorize ‘topic coherence function’ of Korean discourse markers and analyze ‘starting a topic function’. First, the study analyzes the functions of discourse markers from the perspective of ‘discourse coherence’ and analyzes their functions to classify them into seven types of coherence layers. The topic coherence function was further divided into ‘macroscopic coherence of topic’ including starting a topic, changing a topic, and returning to a topic and ‘microscopic coherence of topic’ including ‘filling the gap,’ ‘modifying the articulation,’ and ‘listing.’ Then discourse markers provided according to the functions and the usage of each function have been analyzed. A list of discourse markers by function is provided. The significance of the present study comes from systematically classifying the topic coherence functions of discourse markers that have been sporadically suggested and providing a list of discourse markers for Starting a topic function from the perspective of teaching Korean as a foreign language. The results of the present study can be utilized as fundamental data in selecting discourse markers as a lesson and in composing a syllabus.(Pai Chai University)
5,600
초록보기
The purpose of this study is to identify the independence and substantiality of prefixes. Affixes are bound morphemes, not free morphemes, and belong to grammatical morphemes rather than lexical morphemes. However, prefixes belonging to subcategories of affixes often have lexical meanings that are difficult to distinguish from general roots, and at the same time, they are used freely from the roots. The independence and substantiality of these prefixes have been the main cause for discussion of the categorization and scope of the prefixes. This paper attempts to quantitatively study the prefix’s independence and substantiality by analyzing the prefix appearing in The new Yonsei written corpus. A total of 34 prefixes were found in The new Yonsei written corpus. Twenty-one of the 34 prefixes have been segmented with nouns at least once, and in particular, all the high ten prefixes have been found to be segmented with nouns. And every prefix has substantial meaning. As a result, it turned out that independence is a concept of degree and that all prefixes have substantiality. (Yonsei University)

보조사 [요]→[여] 대체 및 기타 음성 변이형에 대한 계량적 연구

윤은경 ( Yoon Eunkyung )
한국언어문화교육학회|언어와 문화  16권 1호, 2020 pp. 245-266 ( 총 22 pages)
6,200
초록보기
This study aimed to identify the phonetic differences between standard pronunciation and actual pronunciation of the special particle ‘-yo’ by examining speech variations shown in the The Korean Corpus of Spontaneous Speech(Seoul Corpus 2015). The standard phonetic form of ‘요’ [yo] appeared only about 12%, while the ‘여’[yə] variant appeared 84%, and other types―‘녀, 어, 뇨, 염, 오, 념, 려, 연, 영, 용, 유’[nyə, ə, nyo, nyəm, o, nyəm, ryəm, yən, yəŋ, yoŋ, yu]―appeared 4%. The study found that male group used the standard pronunciation of [yo] more than female group, and teenagers spoke in a standard form of ‘-yo’ more than the other generations. These findings are contrary to those of previous studies, in which women rather than men and the younger generation rather than the older use non-standardized forms of language. It would be noteworthy to examine the discrepancy between spontaneous speech in a laboratory environment of interview and in real-life situations. (Daegu Cyber University)

한국어 학습자의 구어 발화에 나타난 어휘 발달 양상 분석 -중국인 학습자를 중심으로-

장미미 ( Zhang Weiwei ) , 원미진 ( Won Mijin )
한국언어문화교육학회|언어와 문화  16권 1호, 2020 pp. 267-287 ( 총 21 pages)
6,100
초록보기
This study investigates lexical complexity in spoken Korean produced by Chinese students learning Korean by measuring lexical density and diversity. This study intends to examine the developmental differences in lexical complexity according to different groups and tasks. 136 Chinese students have been divided into three groups: basic group, intermediate group and advanced group. The results of this study reveal that the lexical diversity of the three groups shows a statistical significance, while the lexical density of the three groups does not show a statistical significance. Lexical diversity is statistically significant among the three groups in all tasks. However, lexical density was statistically significant among the three groups in some tasks. Also, the lexical diversity of the divergent tasks was higher than the convergent tasks. The result of this study would not only provide the validity of measurement tools of lexical complexity in spoken Korean, but also present basic information of measuring learners’ spoken production. (UNSW & Yonsei University)
1 2 >