Instruction on target culture has emerged as essential element in Korean education. Foreign/Second language teaching should take the role of teaching the target culture (Korean culture) in that a learner will be able to enhance his/her language learning with learning of the culture. Therefore, instruction on Korean culture should be included in the curriculum when a learner takes the first step for Korean language learning. In other words, language instruction itself can not takes the central place of Korean education, but “Korean circumstance”, and “Korean culture” should be treated seriously in this field.
This study tries to suggest what should be taught in classroom, and how they can be effectively transmitted to students by examining current teaching methods and contents on Korean language and culture.
In this paper, I would like to present two aspects in cultural instruction: course offerings and their contents. Regarding the course offering, I will present about the case of the inside of Korea (degree seeking admitted students and non-degree students) and the outside of Korea (Korean major students and non-major students). Along with this, I will suggest the course names, too.
Then, I sub-divided the contents part for each type of courses: “Korea" in their course name (thirty items including Nature and natural features in Korea, Korean politics, Korean economics, Korean arts, Korean’s life, Korea’s annual events etc.), and general course (fifteen items including rural and urban district, Human relationships, Religion, University life, Election system, Diet and health). After that, I described the teaching methodology by types: lecture, discussion, students’ presentation, reading, using multi media, and field trip.
This research is expected to show a model for teaching Korean culture by presenting class contents and teaching methodology along with suggesting textbooks and names of the courses. (Dong-A University)