This paper from the perspective of cultural education examines the cultural types formed on the basis of the existential structure of the human beings who create and enjoy the culture, and explores various ways of approaches to the cultural education. This research divides culture into two major types, i.e. culture of mind (spiritual culture) and culture of body (material culture). The culture of mind refers to the scientific culture (industrial culture, etc.) which is achieved in a pursuit of the desire for knowledge, the arts culture which is achieved in a pursuit of the desire for tender feelings and the religious and normative culture which is formed out of the human desire for morality. The culture of body (material culture), on the other hand, refers to the living culture which is actuated by the instinctive desire of the body and is developed for the clothing, food and housing. The paper sees that the aim of cultural education is to be sought in understanding the universality of the human culture, in understanding region-specific cultures, and in seeking for the way of increasing communicative competence.
The author proposes a macro approach, a micro approach, approaches according to cultural types, approaches according to the goals of cultural education, gradual approaches corresponding to the accommodation of culture, approaches according to the learners' group and other approaches. The paper maintains that diverse approaches in theories and practices are necessary according to various textbooks, contents of the textbooks, teaching materials, teaching situations, etc. (Sunmoon University)