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논문검색은 역시 페이퍼서치

세계문학비교연구검색

The Comparative Study of World Literature


  • - 주제 : 어문학분야 > 국문학
  • - 성격 : 학술지
  • - 간기: 계간
  • - 국내 등재 : KCI 등재
  • - 해외 등재 : -
  • - ISSN : 1226-6175
  • - 간행물명 변경 사항 :
논문제목
수록 범위 : 19권 0호 (2007)

김춘수의 시적 정서와 기독교적 심상

김효중 ( Hyo Joong Kim )
6,000
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This Article is a research on Choon Soo Kim`s poetic Emotion and Images based on the Christianity. To Jesus, the man in poverty should be first. Jesus as an arnachist on the basis of his anti-historical thought, because Jesus stands on the side of the poor and the weak against the rich and powerful. In Kim`s poems, Jesus appears as a character of solitary existence. Jesus is not portrayed as a historical being but as poetic reality that removes the thought of dichotomy and closes in upon our being. Kim finds the view of his poetry. the so-called Aesthetics Uselessness, in the spirit of Jesus. That the common notion which insists that labour is more worthy than play should be removed. We must recognize that the value of play is as the value of labour. Every means to that end or that ideology is always justified. Jesus endures the terrible pain of crucification to save mankind from evil. Choon-Soo Kim sees a high souled person in Jesus who opposed violence with his nonresistance. Kim thinks that the soul Jesus can overcome the untruth of history made by man. In short, Kim doesn`t trust history made by man. He writes in his poems of the dreams and realities made by the solitary existence of Jesus.

두보(杜甫)와 정건(鄭虔)

정호준
6,700
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鄭虔是滎陽人。后爲協律郞, 被告發私撰國史貶官。天寶九年七月, 置廣文館, 任命爲博士。他喜歡彈琴、飮酒、賦詩、善畵山水, 書法也흔好。杜甫對李白、高適、岑參、王維、薛據、鄭虔、蘇源明、孟雲卿等朋友都情同兄弟, 寫下了許多歌詠友情的作品。但, 杜甫對鄭虔的友情特別感人, 杜甫근鄭虔可能老相識, 自天寶十二年(753)作『陪鄭廣文遊何將軍山林十首』, 到大曆二年(767)作『九日五首』, 杜集中言及鄭虔的詩達二十餘首。他在這些詩裏對這位才高命蹇的朋友敬重又同情。本考通過杜甫對鄭虔詠及的詩, 考察兩個人的交友關係。
6,200
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「山の音」は六十二歲の主人公の信吾を通して老年の問題を多樣に語っている川端康成の老人文學である。信吾の老年の生理的な衰えは記憶の消失として代表的に表われているが、信吾は記憶の老いで自己喪失の感情に陷る。また、ある日聞いた<山の音>が死の予告ではないかと思い死への恐怖にかられている。すでに信吾の廻りの人人に樣樣の死が近くまで來ているし、自分も死に向かって流れている時間の上にいることを認識する。一方では、人間とは違う生と死の時間を營爲している悠久な植物や自然を通して、時間の<循環>と<永續>について考えてみたりする。性的にも信吾はすでに<老衰>している狀態であった。現實では衰える一方であったが、信吾の性的想念や欲求は夢を通して表出されているし、菊子との關係や彼女への性的欲望が顯になっていく。夢の中で信吾は時間の逆行の上で、女性との交涉を繰り返す。信吾は繰り返される女性との交涉のなかで、妻の保子の姉の形代だとばかり思っていた菊子に性的欲望を抱いていたことを認識することになる。それとともに、自分は現實的には身體的にばかりでなく心理的にはなんの意欲もないことを寂しく思うようになり、老いを實感する。「山の音」は六十代に入った老人の生理的·心的·性的な老衰とそれに伴う心境の表現と變化などを取り扱っている点だけでも老人文學としての素材と內容は十分전えているといえる。それ上、信吾が見せる<循環の時間>についての認識、諦念と受容の姿勢をもって<老年>を受け入れる姿にこそ川端文學として、そして老人文學としての「山の音」を特徵づける要因があるといえよう。
6,600
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This paper aims to explore the interrelationship between love and power in Mary Wroth`s Pamphilia to Amphilanthus, by analyzing Wroth`s representations of Venus and Cupid in her sonnet sequence. Venus and Cupid respectively represent the feminine and masculine aspects of Pamphilia`s love. As is allegorized in the episode of House of Love in Urania, Venus is related to the emotional aspects of love, and Cupid to desires, especially desire for power. The sonnet sequence dramatizes Pamphilia`s inner struggles between these two aspects of love through her relationship with Venus and Cupid. In the first sonnet the sovereignty in love is given to Venus, and Cupid is a faithful subject to his mother. Yet as a female sonnet lover Pamphilia wants to subject herself to male Cupid to gain his favor, and she finds herself so intrigued by the infantile, self-centered and mischievous boy king Cupid. Even Venus as wanton and lascivious lover of Adonis is not a good model for Pamphilia who seeks to attain to constancy. The conflicts and contradictions between female and male aspects of her love often entrap her in the labyrinths of love. She thus seeks a new type of relationship in love, and in the "Crowne of Sonetts" turns to a just and esteemed monarch Cupid, which empowers her self-sovereignty as a woman and prince. Yet her passionate surrender to a mature Cupid does not secure her way out of the "strang labourinth" of love. Eventually Pamphilia can get out of the maze by relinquishing the paradigm of subjugation and dominance that regulates the ways of love in "the discource of Venus, and her sunn," and attain to the virtue of constancy, which ensures her the sovereignty over her self as well as her kingdom.
6,000
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This study is to examine the meanings of center and margin which can be researched from the main character of Joe Christmas in Light in August, one of the greatest novels by William Faulkner. The human subjects have a tendency to change or elevate the state of marginality into realm of center within cognitive limitation of themselves. If marginality is the object of overcoming from the tension of center, two ways of subjugating the marginal area are to be possibly attempted. One is to step forward from margin to center. Another is to dismantle the concrete border between center and margin. While reading the novel we can glance at the dual or polar images, and binary oppositions which are characteristics of Joe Christmas but mostly vague in the novel. His nebulous and withholden identity produces the effect of going beyond the distinction of center and margin or the differentiated realms of center and margin. The identity of his fluidity freely comes and goes over the established and confined line by floating boundaries between "other" and "subject". He is the symbolic image of reciprocality between the black and white. His bloodline is not easily revealed due to his unclear ancestry. Consequently ambiguity of Joe Christmas is interpreted as the mechanism to demolish the establishment of center and margin, and the realms of "other" and "subject". Even his death involves more extensive and transcendental characteristics of trespassing between center and margin in that his emasculated body signifies "the body without organs" which can be the basis of subverting the firmly settled recognitive frame of society.
5,900
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This paper is to examine the metaphors of invisibility in The Invisible Man. by H. G. Wells and Ralph Ellison. The former, Wells, a British writer, wrote it as a scientific fiction, which described Griffin as an "invisible man" by an experiment to "himself". After he realized he was uncomfortable with it, he was being in process of return to the original; fought with Kemp, his counterpart, and finally died. As a scientific fiction writer he had always thought "the human" in the future world. The later, Ralph Ellison, an African-American, also wrote it as a conforming novel, which pictured a narrator without name and "invisible man" in the White American society. As they described "man" as "invisible" we are involved in a vast counterfeit world. This is not to assert that Ellison`s invisible man is himself counterfeit, but to suggest he undermines whatever he says or does by his insistence on invisibility. In it the protagonist remains faceless, even nameless. Ellison has made us recognize the black in the Age of Conformity, though Karl designates 1950s is the age of counterfeit and invisibility. Consequentially, though each Wells and Ellison wrote The Invisible Man using the same title, we can read them as the former interpreted it negatively while the latter author did it positively.
6,100
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In A Room of One`s Own, Virginia Woolf says about some contemporary women writers that they will light a torch in a vast chamber where nobody has yet been, meaning that they try to reveal obscure lives and experiences proper to women without being hampered by men`s values or perspectives. Although their writings are awkward and clumsy, she adds, in one hundred years there will appear great poets who write exactly what they think about reality. Holding Woolf`s remark in high regard, this paper intends to look into the unique experiences of Caribbean women represented in Wide Sargasso Sea and The Autobiography of My Mother. In Wide Sargasso Sea, Jean Rhys, writing back to the English canonical work, Jane Eyre, creates a white creole woman without resources, whose painful growing-up and marriage reveal the complex power relations of sexual, racial, social, and national conflicts. The West Indies society does not afford any sense of belonging or identity she can claim as her own, and her marriage with an English gentleman reenacts the colonizing process with the result of displacing her from her own place and annihilating her existence. The novel pathetically seems to indicate that a room of one`s own for Caribbean women is just an unreal dream, or that they can find it only in death. On the other hand, Jamaica Kincaid creates a hard and bitter Caribbean woman who refuses to commit herself to any relations in The Autobiography of My Mother. This powerful and haunting tale of a child growing up in Dominica explores the legacy of colonialism and its aftermath. The narrator of this soliloquy, Xuela, is left to create herself without a background, for her mother, a Carib, died at her childbirth and her corrupt father abandoned her. Her personal history as an abandoned orphan of mixed blood symbolizes a public history of suffering, humiliation, and corruption in the West Indies at the same time. Resisting the cruelty and despise of her society, she determines to possess herself, thereby creating a negative room of her own. The central problem posed in the works of Jean Rhys and Jamaica Kincaid is the sense of female identity threatened or denied in the colonized islands of the West Indies. Their arduous, sometimes twisted, quest for oneself probes into dark and unfamiliar rooms with a unique poetic prose, whose deceptively simple and lucid narrative reveals amazing truth hidden under it and leaves a memorable impression. In their fierce quest for self and terrifyingly honest prose rich with disturbing images and symbols, they can be said to embody the spirit of the great poet that Woolf imagined.
5,800
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В 1973 Ю. Лотман написал 《Семиотка кино и вопросы эстетики кино》. Тогда в России учёные активно исследовали о структрализме, который обращал большое внимание на связь разных уровней худо жественного текста. Как известно, В Тартусском Университете тогда издавали 《Труды по семиотике》, в них были помещены статьи, кот орые занимаются разными языками художественного текста на основ е выбранного моделирования. В своей работе Лотман пробовал соединить методику структурали зма с методткой семиотики. Он применял такую методтиу к киноб ибо он считает главный вопрос в кино как систему второй моделтру ющей системы(кино как модель, отражающая действительность спец иальной формой). Он серьёзно занимается вопросами семиотики кин о, разделением разных уровней кино, анализами таких разных уровн ей(от кадра или кадрика до целого фильма), киноприёмами(монтаж), размерами экрана, светом, и т. д. Обращаясь с структурой и приёмами кино, Лотман уделяли внима ние анализу их эффектов. То есть, он, занимаясь самой формой кино, не забывает, что сама форма определяется не самим собой, а смысло м и выдумкой. Единство форсмы и содержания не только объясняет нам причины выбора того или иного приёма в зависимости от выдум ки, но и дают нам еще большую возможность для выбора приема и анализа его эффектов. В данной статье автор обращает большое внимание на то, что глав ные части теории Лотмана применяют теорию С. Эйзенштейна, поэт ому семиотика кино Лотмана является полезным орудием для анализ а фильмов Эйзенштейна. Здест автор попробовал анализировать филь м Эйзеиштнйна 《Иван Грозный》с помощью теории Лотмана. В второй главе данной стиатьи кратко изложено главное содержан ие теории Лотмана, и в третьей и четвё1ртой главах анализирован ф ильм 《Иван Грозный》на основе теории Лотмана. И в пятой главе в заключение объясняет тесную связь между теориями Лотмана и Эй зенштейна.

로뜨만 기호계의 분석적 수용

유재천 ( Ю Зэчон ) , 어건주 ( О Кончжу )
6,100
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Данная работа посвящена исследованию семиосферы Ю.М.Лотмана и её применению к анализу корейской литературы. Семиосфера, представленная Ю.М.Лотманом, является большим абстрактным пространством, где существуют все семиотические и коммуникационные системы, включая текст, и механизмом, руководяшим и интегрируюшим их взаимодействия. Вместе в этим семиосфера представляет союой пространство для жизни, где такое ограническое устройство как человек, текст, культура, создается, развивается и исчезает. Концепция о семиосфере составляет основную часть семиотики и станет новым инструментом для исследования семантического вопроса современной семиотики. Значение определяется сочетанием внутренних факторов текста, взаимосвязью со системой, или соотношением с культурой, и производится, передается и принимается через коммуникационный механизм в комплексе семиотической жизни человека, т.е. семиосфере. Другими словами, семиосфера, пространство комплексной семиотической жизни для человека, текста и культуры, является не только семантическим пространством, где определенное значение производится, передается и принимается через их взаимодействия, но и механизмом семантических взаимодействий. Концепция Ю.М.Лотмана о семиосфере считается как пространство для создания нового творческого значения и творческий комплекс всех внешних воздействий, в том числе кибернетики, семиотики Бахтина и т.д., которые со средины 70-ых годов семиотика Ю.М.Лотмана включала в себе. Нам представляется, семиосфера - это результаты постоянного исследования проведенного Ю.М.Лотманом для правильного толклвания текста и чёткого осознания мира. Можно прийти к следующему заключению: Семиосфера отражает основные концепции культуры и семиоэлементов, которым Ю.М.Лотман по всей жизни уделял постоянное внимание, что позволяет нам вести коммуникацию с текстом и полностью понять текст.
6,200
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As Poland had suffered from World War II and holocaust of Jewish people, the "settlement literature" had emerged as an independent type. The settlement literature is a vivid record of testifying and reflecting cruel behaviors of human beings committed under justification of "ideology" and has historical value. In this thesis, the typical works with settlement of nazism has been examined and the fact that three types of themes being discussed as sensitive cases-in other words, the contents related to "Warszawa Uprising (1944), Home Army (AK) and Jewish Holocaust being intensively discussed has been found. The "Warszawa Uprising" had ended as failure due to the lack of preparation and the "Home Army" had to suffer oppression from socialist government after the war because it was the right wing although they had sacrificed themselves for the race. In case of the works having these two types of subjects as themes, they emphasize on the reflection toward Polish people themselves who could only become sacrifice for Nazism rather than the criticism and accusation toward Nazism itself. In other words, it puts relative importance on "historical settlement". On the other hand, the intention of trying to connect the unethical types of behaviors by Polish people who could only cooperate with Nazi in order to survive with "political settlement" by recording them specifically is shown intensely along with the intention of trying to find out the truth by searching for facts on brutality of Nazi in the works having "Jewish Holocaust" and "Auschwitz" as the theme. Writers such as Nałkowska is an elder of literary circles and had informed the whole world of Nazi`s brutality by writing the work called 「Medalion」 by acting as a member of "fact-finding committee".
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