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논문검색은 역시 페이퍼서치


The Comparative Study of World Literature

  • - 주제 : 어문학분야 > 국문학
  • - 성격 : 학술지
  • - 간기: 계간
  • - 국내 등재 : KCI 등재
  • - 해외 등재 : -
  • - ISSN : 1226-6175
  • - 간행물명 변경 사항 :
수록 범위 : 27권 0호 (2009)

최인훈 소설의 근대와 자기인식

김영찬 ( Young Chan Kim )
Choi Inhun is a writer who envelope the possibility of Korean novel through blowing a hole in the stereotypes of novel and break fresh ground of ideological novel. And he is a very important writer that recognizes the contradiction of Korean modern in the form of ideal, then reflects that in his novels, with Lee Chungjun and Park Taesoon. His way of idealization as such demonstrates the meaning of his novels as starting point of novel in the 1960th that overcome the limit of novels in 1950th. Because symbolization of experience and idealization of the real with concreteness are impossible without some distance for objectification of the real out of that immediacy. Specially the core to which we must pay attention in Choi Inhun`s novel, is his literal method that symbolize his personal experience to symbol of existence condition of writer-intelligence in Korean modern situation and his critical thought about the modern in 1960th are hold together. There is the a basis that make possible Choi Inhun`s novel to reflect on interior and exterior of intelligence who live in the Korean modern in 1960th at once.
This study reveals the availability of Korean culture education using legend genre in literature and investigates the contents and plans of culture education on the basis of "the Jang-ja-mot legend". In addition, the study examines Korean cultural elements as an auxiliary material by contrast with western narration, "Sodom and Gomorrah". Especially, what is important is that this study conducts on Korean cultural education using legend genre for the first time in the field of Korean language education. Contents discussed in this study were as follows. Chapter 2 investigated the characteristics of legend in terms of genre and the meaning of Korean culture education using legend. Legend was narration which is different with myth or folktale and became good text for acquisition of Korean culture along with the nature environment of Korea, historical facts, and the history of things and places. Chapter 3 examined "the Jang-ja-mot legend" by contrast with "Sodom and Gomorrah". Especially, the chapter focused on ambilaterality of taboo motive revealed in both legends liking with culture differences. Chapter 4 included Korean cultural elements of "the Jang-ja-mot legend" such as didactic morality, traditional family structure and filial piety, donation culture, farming culture, purification culture, nature worship culture, femininity affirmation culture, and Korean dress and living culture. Lastly, chapter 5 presented diverse methods of Korean culture education using "the Jang-ja-mot legend".

진보적 민족문학론의 민중 개념 형성론 보론

강정구 ( Jeong Gu Kang )
The problem of this Study is that how is Min-jung imaged. We know that Min-jung is the oppressed differed the oppressing into halves, and reformer stand against the oppressing. But this study verify Min-jung is progressive elites`s ideological imaged-thing, and far criticize or reconsider Min-jung ideologies of Nation-literature-theory(民族文學論). The conception of ideological Min-jung is founded by Beak, Lak-cheong, Kim, ji-ha, and Shin, Kyeong-rim. In frist, conception of the citizen used in [Citizen-literature-theory] written by Beak, Lak-cheong is only his imaged-thing differed from general conception. Originally the conception of citizen is public that is being pursued reformer`s ideal in the France Revolution. By the way, Beak, Lak-cheong think citizen is universal concept and reformers in Korea history. In Second, Kim, ji-ha image that Min-jung is the oppressed or nation founded on suppression relation in [Satire, or Suicide]. He classify various social being in the oppressed and the oppressing. And he rebear Min-jung in nation. In third, Shin, Kyeong-rim show Min-jung`s image of literature pointed on korea modern literature, and consider Min-jung`s image of literature on the product reflected elite`s progressive consciousness in [Literation and Min-jung]. So his conception of the Min-jung is the oppressed founded in Kim, ji-ha`s conception of the Min-jung, and is imaged reformer stuck to reform wills. The unconscious and absolute supposition on Min-jung necessity in reconsideration. That Min-jung is the oppressed and reformer is a thinking proposed by 1960~80`s progressive elites. They fight against the center power in Min-jung`s name. In conclusion, Min-jung is a conception relative, not absolute.

축제 문화의 원형: 노루즈(신년제)의 상징체계

신규섭 ( Gyu Seob Shin )
Even though the Persian Civilization has played a great role as the prototype of human civilization, it was destined to be the `Lost Civilization`. What does `Lost Civilization` mean? It means that the history of World including the festivity studies has been distorted. I suggest that we should compare the Persian Learning with India(Pakistan), China, Arab and Greek Learning in the field of History, Religion, Thought, Philosophy and so on. So, we have got to find out distortion of each field. What is the purpose of Learning? Above all, to purse the Learning is to seek the Truth. We has continued to pursue for the Truth. However it has been distorted and concealed. This is the big contradiction and we fall into the tremendous chaos in the field of Humanities and Culture. This article is focusing on Nawruz. It is widely known as the Iranian New Year and held in the Central Asia and Caucasus and Mesopotamia, as well. This article is dealt with the origin and meaning of Nawruz, the Secret of Number `7`, Belief system of the Sacred tree, the entity of `Two Fishes Design` and the festivity of fire. In other words, Nawruz is consisted of the Sofreye-Haft Sin, Chaharshanbe Suri and Sizdah Bedar.
Considering the crucial importance of introducing the history of Korean literature to the English-speaking world, without which no viable recognition of the value and significance of individual works of Korean literature is conceivable, one cannot come to the conclusion that what Peter H. Lee offers in his undoubtedly monumental and epoch-making A History of Korean Literature, remaining as it does as the only book of its kind, leaves yet much to be desired. The lack of a clear principle in dividing the periods is one salient problem of the work, for mere dynastic units of political history (abandoned, however, for the chapters on twentieth century) mix uneasily with an unstated reliance on a certain notion of genre hierarchy predicated on a restricted notion of "literature" defined primarily as belles lettres (with the lyric occupying the highest position). The quality and strategy of writing about Korean literature could also have been less bland and vague, for the unadorned simple sentences that predominate Lee`s account add little luster to what they supposedly are meant to achieve (i.e. proving the high quality of Korean literary classics), which in turn the paucity and poverty of quotations constantly detract and debunk. What reason an English-speaking reader, otherwise perhaps than those handful of Korean Studies students, would find in the pages of Lee`s book to appreciate and admire Korean literature as a collective entity is not easy to surmise.
In der modernen Kunst ist das Hassliche nicht mehr nur ein Nebenmittel fur die Vervollkommnung des absoluten Schonen. In der Moderne ist es sinnlos, dass man das Hassliche von der harmonischen Ansicht aus betrachtet. In der modernen Kunst fungiert das Hassliche als ein Ausdruck des kritischen Geistes und des Widerstandes gegen die Fesselung und die Unterdruckung in der Gegenwart. In Zusammenhang mit dieser Funktion des Hasslichen verwendet Heiner Muller die verschiedenen erschreckenden Elemente wie Kannibalismus, Selbstzerfleischung, gewalttatige Sexualitat und das Groteske sehr strategisch. Diese negativen Elemente in Mullerschen Werken wirken fur den Rezipienten zum Schock und Schrecken und deuten den Kreislauf der Gewalt und der Unterdruckungsstruktur in der Geschichte an. Bei Muller geht es darum, dass man etwas erfahrt oder etwas erlebt, und man kann durch das Erlebnis des Schreckens eine Gelegenheit bekommen, uber die dustere geschichtliche Situation erneut nachzudenken. In den Werken von Heiner Muller wird das Hassliche fur dieses Erlebnis produktiv benutzt und nach seiner Wirkungsabsicht, das tote Geschichtsbewusstsein der Zeitgenossen wiederzuerwecken, strategisch verwendet. Bezuglich der Wirkungsasthetik oder der Wirkungsstrategie hat das Hassliche bei Heiner Muller eine asthetische Selbstandigkeit und die Funktion, das subjective Selbstbewusstsein und die kritische Denkfahigkeit uber die Geschichte wieder zu beleben.
Este trabajo tiene la finalidad de investigar acerca de la influencia del neorrealismo italiano a la narracion espanola de los anos de cincuenta. Como bien sabido el neorrealismo se empezo en Italia, encabezando los directores del cine. Y luego influencio no solo al cine sino tambien a la literatura. A traves de dos eventos, en los que se celebraron en Madrid, llamados "semana de cine italiano", penetro a Espana. De alli el neorrealismo se circulo entre los directores y escritores espanoles. Estos aplicaron las ideas italianas en sus obras. Las ideas se podria resumir en los siguientes puntos, en los que han comprobado en el presente articulo: revelacion al problema social a base de la verdad, acercamiento a la sociedad a traves del humanismo y la realidad verdadera y, por ultimo, el intento de averiguacion con desmitificacion de la tradicion. Como resumen los escritores espanoles de los anos cincuenta fueron influenciados directamente por los directores italianos y florecieron muy adecuadamente los pensamientos de los directores italianos en sus respectivas obras literarias.
August Wilson suggested that some major parts of the culture in America originated from Afro-American culture. Afro-American culture in America has been both managed and dominated by White culture since Africans as slaves came to America. They have never been a dominant agent although parts of the Black culture have become part of popular culture in the modern world. Blues has existed as a universal phenomenon, but the concept between the black and the white is completely different. Today, the dominant society manipulated the minor society with hegemony that the major group takes agreement of its policy from the minor group through resistance, fight, and conflicts. The major group can justify its control over the minor group because blues can be a power of the White people, allowing the Black people to share the blues culture. Blues culture in Wilson`s plays could be interpreted as hegemony theory because two opposite worlds, the dominant group and the controlled group share different ways. The White people regard blues as their play or enjoyment and believe that blues has become the part of their life. Meanwhile, they do not deny that Afro-Americans also share the blues, although it is applied to a completely different area by the black people. Wilson`s rewriting of black history represents the African culture, but in the view of the White, the dominant group can make a comprise with the Black group because Afro-Americans believe that they can have their culture in the process of the conflicts, struggle, harmony, and finally integration or assimilation. Of course, the resistance does not usually happen directly, but both sides take one common culture in order to take their own interests. In fact, in the view of the hegemony theory, Afro-Americans could not help but see their blues used as a new kind of trend. The more the blacks are willing to get the hegemony in American society, the more the position of hegemony for the white will be ratified powerfully.

서양문학에 나타나는 대식(Gluttony)에 대한 시각

김라옥 ( Ra Ok Kim )
Every English word or expression related with gluttony, such as `a gormandizer`, `drink like a fish`, `gorge`, `cram`, `binge`, `devour`, `ravenous`, or `hoggish,` has a hint of mockery. This kind of attitude toward big eating and heavy drinking observed in the Occidental culture often makes us feel strange because we who are influenced by the Oriental or traditional Korean culture don`t look down big eating and heavy drinking that much. We should probably know that even in the modern culture of Korea, "drinking gallons of wine without reserve" is still being considered as very manly behaviour. In the Korean narrative literature which has best spoken for the people`s opinion for a long time, some stories like "The story of Dduk-Bo and the Envoy" and "the story of To-Jung, Mr. Lee, Ji Ham" show that we Koreans have thought one person`s gluttony could be good for his society or country. On the other hand, the Occidental religion and culture have convicted gluttony of one of "Seven Deadly Sins." The great church fathers such as St. Gregorius and St. Thomas Aquinas defined what gluttony is in 5 or 6 ways. To them it was a very important matter how to eat food to escape committing the deadly sin. The Occidental culture has many food taboos. The Bible says about what God`s people can eat and what they can`t eat. They regarded gluttony as a sin which anyone could easily commit, and they believed that anyone who couldn`t control that basic desire could be easily tempted to other sins like "greed", "lust" or "sloth." Thus, many gluttons or heavy drinkers in the main works in the Occidental literature are involved with other deadly sins, and the very act of heavy eating and drinking is functioning as a visible and outer sign of their inner, moral sins.
Through the interview with radio program, in October 7, 2000, Ulitskaja mentioned that the most important thing of creation is human`s unconsciousness, psychological difference between man and woman and discrimination of writing based on them. It means that Ulitskaja`s works are based on unique sensibility of woman and use womanish factors and woman-concerned problem for main motive and theme of work. The study researches womanish factor and its core theme shown in Ulitskaja`s work by analyzing『Medeia and her children』, which is one of representative full-length novel of Ulitskaja. As the title shows incest of myth, 『Medeia and her children』 selects `Medeia`, who is the person of Greek myth, as motive and creates new `Medeia` by changing its shape. It is not different from rewriting of `Medeia` myth. Redefinition of Medeia`s distorted shape, which was underestimated in the change process from matriarchy to patriarchy, plays the role of basic motive in myth rewriting. Ulitskaja emphasizes her original image and property of cure and ingenuity by overturning the form of Medeia, which was transformed into evil woman in Greek myth, and creating Medeia with the property of forgiveness, settlement and great mother. Ulitskaja`s work shall be understood from the critic position resisting patriarchic ideology contained in myth by reinterpreting the myth based on patriarchic logic with the viewpoint of feminism. However, `critic distance` between Ulitskaja`s work and myth are not concluded only with criticism for or resistance against patriarchic ideology. The writer reminds us of the meaning of `mother`, who becomes the symbol of origin and rest in human`s consciousness, by changing Medeia of myth, who is a avenge incarnate and heartless enough to kill her son, into great mental mother regardless of blood relative and order incarnate, who changes betrayal into forgiveness. `Mother` is a escape gate that meets internal desire to search for real rest in the modern society, which is filled with extreme egoism and isolation and is insensitive to morality, and she is a welcome rain that moistens desolate, exhausted mental world. In conclusion, Ulitskaja probes the meaning of Medeia`s life providing peace and rest through the work. It means the creation of new myth representing real human love that is enough to forgive self as well as others in the irrational, immoral chaos life, which is created by evil desire of human. Moreover, Ulitskaja`s work delivers the message that reproduction of new myth from the social aspect can be performed by the individuals, who participate in the efforts for forgiveness and settlement voluntarily.
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