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논문검색은 역시 페이퍼서치

영미문학페미니즘검색

Feminist Stidies in English Literature


  • - 주제 : 어문학분야 > 영문학
  • - 성격 : 학술지
  • - 간기: 연3회
  • - 국내 등재 : KCI 등재
  • - 해외 등재 : -
  • - ISSN : 1226-9689
  • - 간행물명 변경 사항 :
논문제목
수록 범위 : 16권 2호 (2008)

Articles : The Iconography of Gender: The Indian Uprising of 1857

( Ralph Crane ) , ( Radhika Mohanram )
6,600
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In this paper we consider the influences of the Indian Mutiny or Uprising of 1857 on gender formations in Anglo-India. The first part of our paper provides a concise background to the 1857 Uprising, while the second part explores the reconstructions of Anglo-Indian masculinity and femininity in response to the events of 1857 which shook Britain`s confidence in its ability to control India. In particular we look at three examples of Mutiny iconography which open up a discourse on the status of whiteness in both Anglo-India and Britain with their implications for the relationship between race and gender in India.
7,100
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Anne Devlin`s Belfast Trilogy, which comprises The Long March (1984), Ourselves Alone (1985), and After Easter (1994), received some unfavorable reviews when the plays were premiered, in that the playwright not only interrogated Republicanism and unionism, which had traditionally been male-dominated, but delineated women`s experiences, which had either been invisible or assumed to be coherent with those of their male peers. This paper argues that this trilogy, which has rarely been discussed as a whole, provides a matriarchal representation of the Northern Ireland Troubles, and chronicles women`s collusion, resistance, and/or self healing during the political and militant conflicts. On the one hand, Devlin`s trilogy challenges the stereotype of Mother Ireland and its colonial and religious implications, so as to counteract the permissive patriarchal mechanisms in Irish politics. The anti-patriarchal nature of this Trilogy, on the other hand, unsettles the traditional romantic attitude toward heroes and female admirers, introducing a feminist interpretation of war and romance with an unconventional approach to mythological characters. A theatrical critique of her politically divided, working-class community, Devlin`s trilogy illustrates the process of reconciliation through which Irish women regain their subjectivities for the peace to come.
5,600
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Delarivier Manley`s Rivella is an account of the life of both the historical Manley and the fictionalized Manley, Rivella, told by a fictionalized male biographer. It is thus both a biography and an autobiography, but it is an autobiography that claims to be fiction and a fiction that claims to be history. In this engagement with the issues of fiction and truth, story and history, the work raises important questions concerning the nature of the novel in its early formative stage. It challenges at the same time the accepted idea of autobiography as a coherent narration of life experiences that reveal the truth about a consistent identity. I argue that Manley`s oscillation between fact and fiction, truth and falsehood, results in a self-representation in which the self ultimately eludes the biographer/autobiographer. The multiple frames within which the story/history of Rivella/Manley is set undermine the (auto) biographical authority of both the fictional biographer and the author by introducing complex perspectives and attitudes that disrupt the construction of a unified selfhood and point to the ultimate unknowability of the self. In this paper, I explore how Manley problematizes the subject/object of the story/history, and how this raises complex questions regarding the construction of human subjectivity, in which both the early novel and autobiography are deeply engaged.

Articles : Displaced Deviancy in Radclyffe Hall`s The Well of Loneliness

( Micki Nyman )
6,300
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Many critics have commented that Radclyffe Hall`s protagonist in The Well of Loneliness, the lesbian Stephen Gordon, can be seen as a man trapped in a woman`s body, a sexual invert, because of the genetic idea Havelock Ellis made popular, that one was "born" that way. Hall, however, interrogates the idea of a reality ordered by scientific discourse by suggesting that experience determines reality, even more than science. Over the course of the novel, reality undergoes important changes when it is understood not in relation to the world science describes, but in relation to the life Stephen experiences. Hall points out that many "natural kinds" of lesbians exist, and that diversity in experience accounts for the dialectic or movement between objective and constructed reality that constructs lesbian desire; women "become" lesbians depending on an array of natural, social, and personal circumstances. For Hall, sexuality becomes equated with consciousness, with understanding how existence works in relation to the self. Hall therefore claims in her novel that human sexuality depends upon the experience of both objective and constructed realities thereby making use of the notion of the "many" to shift the landscape of lesbian deviancy onto the social domain.

Articles : Minding Our Lives: Vandana Shiva and Postfeminist Ecology

( Krishna Sen )
5,700
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This paper attempts to position Shiva`s thought, not in the context of global ecofeminism but within a specifically Indian cultural matrix. It examines the mythopoeic ecological vision of the Vedas and the powerful generative connections established in the Vedas between Nature and the cosmic feminine principles of Prakriti and Shakti-a relationship articulated in the figure of the Devi, or the Great Goddess. Shiva evolved her ecofeminist theories in the context of recent technological excesses against biodiversity, and the connection that she establishes between nature and woman derives not from an essentialist Western paradigm that sees both as objects of consumption but from her cultural roots, through a composite image of Nature/Woman as a configuration of power. In thus redeeming the core of the ecofeminist argument, Shiva is able to deploy it productively, not just with respect to nature and women, but as an essential constituent of a developmental discourse as related to a developing society. It is in this sense that Shiva`s ecofeminist thought is postcolonial and postfeminist.
6,600
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In the wake of Jean Rhys`s Wide Sargasso Sea, which brilliantly exposed the colonial unconscious that had been locked up in Charlotte Bronte`s Jane Eyre, a number of literary works have retold the famous stories of literary classics. Most of these novels recount the original stories from a different perspective and foreground some parts of the story that were either untold or suppressed in the famous, canonized works, thereby critically pointing out what is left out or marginalized. Nancy Rawles`s recent fiction My Jim (2006) is one such re-writing. Though inspired and motivated by Mark Twain`s Adventures of Huckleberry Finn (1885), it shifts the focus from Huck to Jim the runaway slave and artfully unfolds the story that Twain did not tell. Rawles`s My Jim is an attempt to extricate African American subjectivity from the network of material proprietorship and bodily exchange, and to re-position African American subjects in another set of human relations that are fundamentally different from what made slavery possible in the first place. The narrator Sadie`s continuous act of claiming Jim as "hers" is a desperate attempt to negate his status as "Miss Watson`s" property. By resituating Jim and herself in a binding relationship based on mutual recognition of each other`s worth that cannot be translated into mere price, Sadie creates an affective space wherein they can transcend the dehumanizing forces of slavery. The novel is Rawles`s attempt to reclaim the entire history of African Americans from the canonized white author`s imagination and recount it in a new narrative of the African American heritage. Through a successful negotiation between Mark Twain`s legacy and her own critical imagination, Rawles turns a white male author`s history of a slave into an African American author`s herstory of her people.

Special Feature : Moving Towards Unreason

( Me K Ahn )
5,300
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