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논문검색은 역시 페이퍼서치

영미문학페미니즘검색

Feminist Stidies in English Literature


  • - 주제 : 어문학분야 > 영문학
  • - 성격 : 학술지
  • - 간기: 연3회
  • - 국내 등재 : KCI 등재
  • - 해외 등재 : -
  • - ISSN : 1226-9689
  • - 간행물명 변경 사항 :
논문제목
수록 범위 : 18권 2호 (2010)

Academic Autobiography and Women of Color Feminisms: Narrating a Critical Practice

( Rocio G. Davis )
6,600
초록보기
Academic autobiography, a life writing text that combines in superlative ways the private and the public, has received increasing critical attention in the last couple of decades. The intersection between one`s personal life and professional commitment has become fertile ground for theoretical exploration as we examine the ways autobiographical and professional writing function together, ask if we can read autobiographical writing from professional perspectives or, alternatively, study to what extent scholarship grows from personal experiences. This essay examines autobiographies by academics in the United States and Canada who have spearheaded reexaminations of women of color feminism in North America-Shirley Geok-lin Lim, Leila Ahmed, and Vijay Agnew. These women demonstrate a critical consciousness of the connections between personal life and academic commitment and enact the ways experience has modified theory. Their autobiographies reflect their negotiation with intellectual issues in their own lives, to the point where they describe how their own experiences became the basis for their scholarly theories. These women`s use of life stories to illuminate the theories they promote becomes itself a feminist gesture that challenges the patriarchal structure of academic arguments. I suggest that this lived theory, apart from giving their practitioners agency, is simultaneously a more nuanced and potent approach to the problems women have in society and in the academe.

"Staying on": Abortion and Narrative Silence in Ruth Prawer Jhabvala`s Heat and Dust

( Hyung Ji Park )
6,600
초록보기
Ruth Prawer Jhabvala`s 1975 novel Heat and Dust poses the problem of Westerners or the West "staying on" in India long after the official departure of the British Raj. The novel juxtaposes the story of Olivia Rivers, the newlywed bride of an English civil servant recently moved to India and set in 1923, with the story of her English step-granddaughter, the unnamed narrator who returns to India some fifty years later, in the 1970s, to find out more about her scandalous predecessor. Heat and Dust belongs to a tradition of British literature, emerging out of the Indian Rebellion of 1857, which predicates a sexual relationship between Englishwomen and Indian men on an assumption of rape. Jhabvala`s novel follows the tradition of predecessors such as E. M. Forster`s A Passage to India and Paul Scott`s The Jewel in the Crown in revising this trope to include voluntary sexual relationships between Englishwomen and Indian men. In this novel, both Olivia and her successor choose to engage in adulterous affairs with Indian men, and both women also choose to "stay on" in India at the end of the novel. Olivia rejects/is rejected by English society following the abortion of her baby, while the narrator decides against abortion and retreats to the mountains to give birth to her baby. Meanwhile, the scene of Olivia`s abortion, a scene of collective female violence, takes the place, figuratively, that rape occupies in the post-Rebellion narrative. The abortion causes scandal, dissension, disruption in the Anglo-Indian community, all of which are aftereffects of the traditional trope of rape. As both Olivia and the narrator "stay on" in India, they lapse into a self-censoring, self-censuring silence which questions the very possibility of "staying on."
6,900
초록보기
In her autobiographical novel Bastard Out of Carolina, Dorothy Allison utilizes storytelling to bear witness to the complicated truth of her trauma as a "white trash" incest survivor. While her fiction provides a brutally honest testimony to devastating effects of sexualized violence taking place in a working-class home, Allison feels compelled to speak about the concurrence of erotic desire and violence through the pre-adolescent protagonist Bone`s masochistic fantasies. In response to her stepfather`s sexual and physical abuse, Bone reenacts sexual trauma. In this essay, I closely read these reenactments of violence and argue that the inventive use of real in her fantasies allows her a certain degree of empowerment and consolation; more importantly, fantasies become a locus where Bone constructs and articulates her complex desire. Bone`s fantasy-making, I believe, is analogous to Allison`s fiction writing. By staging the sexual fantasies in Bastard where she reenacts her sexual trauma, Allison explores the areas of conflict in her life. Allison`s use of storytelling rearticulates her childhood trauma in a medium that creates a possibility of witnessing to the connection between violence and desire in her life.
7,100
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Cleopatra`s versatility has provoked much anxiety and fascination in history. Many have shown strong disapproval of her use of histrionics by associating it with the trope of feminine duplicity. Against this series of disapproval, feminist scholars such as Helene Cixous sought to find in her a way to counter the phallocentric fantasy of self-presence. This essay examines the political potential of Cleopatra`s histrionic versatility, drawing on Luce Irigaray`s and Judith Butler`s theories of performativity and subversive mimesis. Cleopatra`s histrionic improvisation simultaneously provokes and unsettles the traditional fear of feminine duplicity. By reconfiguring reality and selfhood in terms of theatrical construction, she deconstructs the dualism between presence and representation, between reality and hyperreality, and thus foregrounds the structural problem of phallocentrism that seeks to bind identity to the realm of substance and truth. Through a close examination of the politics of performance in Shakespeare`s Antony and Cleopatra, this essay examines how Shakespeare`s Cleopatra anticipates and continues to inform feminist attempts to defy phallocentric identitarian categories and furthermore to challenge the cultural logic of phallocentrism.

Zenobia and Addie: Conceiving Death in The Blithedale Romance and As I Lay Dying

( Sharon Talley ) , ( Sara Slaughter )
7,500
초록보기
This essay, which is historical in approach, uses feminist theory to analyze the complex ways in which two male-authored texts, The Blithedale Romance and As I Lay Dying, use the female reproductive system to link women`s identity with death and dying. In comparing the different circumstances but similar fates of Zenobia and Addie, we argue that their deaths, which can both be interpreted as suicides, gain force as cultural pleas for social change regarding female experience when the menstrual metaphors associated with them are examined closely.
4,500
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