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논문검색은 역시 페이퍼서치

영미문학페미니즘검색

Feminist Stidies in English Literature


  • - 주제 : 어문학분야 > 영문학
  • - 성격 : 학술지
  • - 간기: 연3회
  • - 국내 등재 : KCI 등재
  • - 해외 등재 : -
  • - ISSN : 1226-9689
  • - 간행물명 변경 사항 :
논문제목
수록 범위 : 19권 1호 (2011)

Women, Religion, and Enlightenment: Mary Astell`s Serious Proposal to the Ladies

( Ju Lie Choi )
7,000
초록보기
In the wake of Carol Pateman`s influential critique of liberal contractual theory as a pact among male subjects leading to exclusion of women from the political realm in The Sexual Contract (1988), there has been a greater impetus for feminists to conceptualize a feminism that can override the narrow bounds of liberal ideas of freedom and equality. From this re-visionary perspective, it has seemed all the more remarkable that so many female poets, playwrights, and philosophers of the late seventeenth and early eighteenth century were so overwhelmingly Tory. Political thought was largely based on religious and theological positions, and many women writers felt it was their duty to publish their thought based on their faith. Religious debate was not an issue of private belief, but at the very core of the public sphere discourse of politics and letters. It is in this context that we must figure the extraordinary writing of Mary Astell (1668-1731), a deeply religious, and deeply conservative English woman who was both a true royalist and a true promoter of freedom for women. This paper takes into close consideration her first published work, A Serious Proposal to the Ladies, to examine her stance on how an institution for female knowledge and religion can contribute to female freedom and virtue. Astell`s understanding of freedom as a Christian ideal is at once religious and political, and has influenced many subsequent feminist writers as seemingly different as Jane Austen and Mary Wollstonecraft.

Acting Towards a "True" Identity: The Many (Muted) Roles of Villette`s Lucy Snowe

( Ryan Crider )
7,000
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This paper examines the use of theatrical elements in Charlotte Bronte`s Villette. I argue that only through a series of decidedly theatrical narrative "performances" within the novel is Lucy Snowe, as both spectator and participant, able to emerge psychologically from the repression that initially dominates her character. In addition, contextualizing my own analysis within and extending upon a generation of existing research into the theatricality of Villette, I demonstrate the extent to which these performances and the "role" of independence Lucy eventually assumes reveal a subversive, feminist impulse behind the novel`s construction. The novel`s theatricality becomes coded to a predominantly feminist sentiment as Lucy learns to wield her performative powers. However, one must avoid a simple dichotomy between repression and performance. As John Kucich writes of Lucy`s narration, in a Victorian sense "expression and repression cooperate and enhance each other by being identically opposed to direct self-revelation." Kucich`s psychological approach to Lucy`s character and narrative performativity is fundamental to my argument. The works of other critics who have written specifically about theatricality in Bronte`s novels, including Joseph Litvak and Lisa Surridge, also help provide an important framework for my essay, particularly in the attention to prevailing Victorian attitudes toward the theatre.

Esther and the Politics of Multiple Tastes in George Eliot`s Felix Holt, the Radical

( Seung Pon Koo )
6,600
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The purpose of this essay is to re-evaluate the significance of Esther regarding her enactment of sympathy, as opposed to critics` contention that Felix Holt is a mouthpiece of George Eliot in the novel Felix Holt, the Radical. It examines how sympathy functions in subverting the discourses of moral imperatives and instrumental reason. In the novel, the hegemonic authority exercises its dominant power over working-class habits and female aesthetic tastes in order to discipline them under the categorical and preemptive imperatives of a morality sustained by Enlightenment reason. Felix Holt is a novel of feminine resistance against male desire to categorize women as morally inferior objects and as values of economic exchange. The novel presents Esther Lyon as the sympathetic agent of a hybridity that combines her natural aesthetic taste with her acquired moral taste. The hybridity of her tastes denotes Esther`s renewed feminine subjectivity, which empowers her to invest her libido in both the domestic and the public spheres. Eliot endorses Esther by revealing that the female subject is not only able to adjust herself to the moral, economic, political, and sexual discourses of patriarchy but is also able to resist them for the fulfillment of her libidinal desires and for the enlargement of her sympathy for others.
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