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논문검색은 역시 페이퍼서치

영미문학페미니즘검색

Feminist Stidies in English Literature


  • - 주제 : 어문학분야 > 영문학
  • - 성격 : 학술지
  • - 간기: 연3회
  • - 국내 등재 : KCI 등재
  • - 해외 등재 : -
  • - ISSN : 1226-9689
  • - 간행물명 변경 사항 :
논문제목
수록 범위 : 19권 2호 (2011)
6,500
초록보기
This paper explores Sedgwick`s A New England Tale as a work which shows transitional features from the seduction novel to the domestic novel in the plot and the representation of woman. Sedgwick uses the motif of seduction many of early American women novelists employed, but incorporates it into the novel`s sub-plots. These sub-plots delineate morally deficient women characters who defame themselves by falling prey to seduction. These sub-plots contribute to emphasizing the triumph of a domestic heroine, Jane Elton. On the one hand, as a paragon of a woman`s role prescribed by the "Republican Ideology," Jane succeeds in marrying a virtuous man, fulfilling the duties of a Republican ideal of family as the backbone of the state. On the other hand, Jane prefigures a heroine with the virtues defined by the "True Womanhood" of the mid-nineteenth century, who stands out in domestic novels such as Susan Warner`s The Wide, Wide World and Maria Cummins`s The Lamplighter. Foregrounding Jane as the protagonist, A New-England Tale records a transitional moment from the seduction novel to the domestic novel by dramatizing an ideal Republican woman with virtues, who also prefigures a heroine defined by domestic ideology.

쿳시의 『동물들의 삶』에 나타난 동물과 여성: 이성과 감정 사이

전소영 ( So Young Jeon )
6,200
초록보기
Elizabeth Costello is the character of The Lives of Animals by J. M. Coetzee who maintains that reason is not the unchangeable value distinguishing human from animal. She thinks that reason is just the criteria that human has produced for their own interests. Therefore she rants at the academic audience attending her lecture that slaughtering of animal is not different from the Holocaust. The fictional Elizabeth Costello mocks those philosophers who try to discuss suffering of animals in abstract terms. Nobody around her realizes her spiritual wound originating from her radical argument. As an old vegetarian writer, she speaks on behalf of J. M. Coetzee, who performs her in his own Tanner Lectures on meat eating and animal experimentation delivered at Princeton in 1997. Accordingly, The Lives of Animals is Coetzee`s performance of a female subject of Elizabeth Costello. Despite the fact that feminists have compellingly drawn a connection between the traditional notion of reason vs emotion and the oppression of women and animal, many animal ethicists fail to incorporate these insights. The link between ability of reason and oppression of others has resulted from philosophers` insistence on the superiority of reason over emotion. Thus, recognition of the inherent continuity between the two is urgently needed to eliminate suffering of others.

페미니즘, 레즈비언/퀴어 이론, 트랜스젠더리즘사이의 긴장과 중첩

김지혜 ( Ji Hye Kim )
6,500
초록보기
This article problematizes mutual exclusions and oppositions among critical gender discourses and suggests a productive coalition of feminism, lesbianism, queer and transgender politics. I call attention to the interconnections in history of feminism, lesbianism, queer theory, and transgenderism(FLQT), while investigating race, class, and generational politics that have structured and exacerbated schisms between critical gender theories. The antagonism to other gender theories stems from exclusive territorialization and stereotyping. The fixed demarcation of the discourse and politics of these bodies of theory denies their common grounds and erases the internal diversity and nuance of each. In addition, the practice of stereotyping other gender theories as oppositional only simplifies and totalizes their divergent and rich arguments. For instance, many lesbian-feminists attack queer theory as apolitical and gay-centric and view transgenderism as gender-conforming and individualistic. FLQT have actually racial, class, generational conflicts rather than fundamental, incompatible collisions of theoretical positionalities. Some white, middle- class feminists have ignored the co-existence and intersections of FLQT and disguised their racist, classist, and transphobic epistemology and practices as a "true feminism" so as to invalidate other theories. To integrate fruitful achievements of FLQT, it is necessary to reconsider the limited conception of gender predicated on the binary gender. Also, if we recognize various meanings and layers of gender by refining gender terminology, FLQT can cooperate in offering a more comprehensive gender theory that simultaneously concerns sexism and genderism and explicates diverse gender oppressions.
6,500
초록보기
Chinatown has often been discussed in the discourse of race and gender in Asian North American writers. Denise Chong`s The Concubine`s Children, focusing on the Chinatowns in Vancouver and Nanaimo in Canada, exams how a female Chinese immigrant May-ying is commercialized as gendered and racialized otherness in the process of placing her as a concubine of Chan Sam, her husband in Canada. Though being relocated as a victim of anti-Chinese Immigration law, May-ying`s subjectivity was more problematically erased by her own husband`s economic desire for being `a father` by supporting his original family in China and tea house owner who is deeply engaged in inviting May-ying as a concubine for his prostitute business. While resisting being a victim of anti-immigration law and commercialization of gendered other forced by Chan Sam, May-ying ironically fails to escape the fetter of Confucian disciplines deeply inscribed in her mind by allowing them to be values and standards of her life in Canada. Her strong sense of Confucian disciplines also negatively affects her Canadian-born daughter Hing who changes her name Winnie in a way to confine her daughter into the belated world of the Confucianism in Canada. However, Hing resists her mother`s Confucian meddling and leaves Chinatown to find her own life. She shows that her mother`s disciplines are no longer available in the Canadian-born generation in the end. By separating her narrative from her mother`s, Hing attempts to place herself as a proper subject who can write her own story in the history of not the adoptive but the adopted nation by her own will.

『제3, 4, 5지대간의 결혼』: 레싱이 제안하는 여성적 비전

민경숙 ( Kyung Sook Minn )
6,400
초록보기
The Marriages Between Zones Three, Four and Five, Doris Lessing`s second book in the Canopus in Argos series, is a novel of ideas in allegorical mode. By presenting two marriages [one between the queen of a feminist utopia(Zone three) and the king of a patriarchical society(Zone Four); the other between the king of Zone Four and the queen of a primitive and anarchic country (Zone Five)], Lessing represents femininity and masculinity as relative concepts. Further, the author insists that these perceptions should merge, evolving constantly and undergoing dialectical processes, to create an integrated androgynous society. This paper compares Lessing`s feminist views with that of Shulamith Firestone. Firestone insists that we should reintegrate the Male(Technological Mode) and the Female(Aesthetic Mode) to create an androgynous culture. But her female vision is being criticized as it relies on technology to free women from their biology. Lessing displays a more comprehensive and revolutionary, albeit abstract, female vision. Her vision is one not only for women but for mankind and all living things. Ultimately, she creates a cosmic vision. and all living things. Ultimately, she creates a cosmic vision.
6,300
초록보기
This paper explores the questions of race, gender, and religion in Unca Eliza Winkfield`s The Female American. The focus is on how race, gender, and religion intersect with each other in the context of British colonialism. Winkfield`s text features two conversion stories: one is about Unca`s conversion by William, and the other the Indians` conversion by their daughter, Unca Eliza. In both stories, conversion is described as a rational acceptance of the superiority of Christianity to the sun worship of the Indians. Race and gender function as important factors in these conversions. William, a British man, instructs Unca, an Indian woman, in Christianity and her conversion is required for their intermarriage. Unca Eliza, who is a half Indian but an Anglicized Christian, considers American Indians inferior to Europeans. She also sacrifices her female independence when she marries to John, her English cousin, because their marriage is instrumental in making the Indian country a Christian nation. Her adventures turn out to be a story of Christian success. I argue, however, that her success story can be recast as the story of the loss of her female independence in that she ends up an obedient wife and assistant to John, a male missionary.

근대적 주체 이후의 행위성: 주디스 버틀러의 행위성 이론

전혜은 ( Hye Eun Jun )
7,900
초록보기
This essay aims to seek an alternative agency theory which doesn`t depend upon the notion of modern subject. This study calls into question the established notions of agency that are based on the concept of an autonomous and coherent modern subject, because those notions cannot account for both oppression and the resistance to power and thus, especially, not only cannot account for the agency of social marginalities or subalterns but also commit the epistemological violence that forecloses their agency. In an effort to challenge these notions, this study examines Judith Butler`s agency theory. First, Butler`s agency theory rearticulates an agency beyond the dichotomy of oppression vs. freedom, and through deconstructing the epistemological frame that defines and regulates subject and agency, it reestablishes a theory for the agency of social marginalities which is produced as the excluded form from the contemporary hegemonic matrices of intelligibility. Second, Butler`s agency theory is based on the repetition in structure. Butler demonstrates that new meanings and values can be created through suspending reiterations which sustain the hegemonic regime of power, and through redeploying and reappropriating power in the course of reiterating differently. This kind of agency is ``the performative contradiction.`` We live and move on boundaries or gaps within the regime of power, and those acts can sometimes be seen as obedience, but can sometimes open some possibilities of subversion. Third, Butler reestablishes the subject as the implicated to the other. From the start a subject is formed in relationality. Thus a subject is redefined as a being who is ungrounded and incoherent, and thus have a partial unknowingness of the self, a primary opacity to the self. Starting with this concept of subject, an alternative agency escapes from the arrogance of modern subject which can know and control everything, and involves the ethical responsibility that is based on relations of dependency, and practices the representation that embraces and shows the failure of representation.
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