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논문검색은 역시 페이퍼서치

영미문학페미니즘검색

Feminist Stidies in English Literature


  • - 주제 : 어문학분야 > 영문학
  • - 성격 : 학술지
  • - 간기: 연3회
  • - 국내 등재 : KCI 등재
  • - 해외 등재 : -
  • - ISSN : 1226-9689
  • - 간행물명 변경 사항 :
논문제목
수록 범위 : 20권 3호 (2012)

Sex, Purity, and Madness in Iris Murdoch`s Fiction

( Michelle Austin )
6,200
초록보기
The novels that Iris Murdoch wrote in the early part of her writing career ran parallel with other novels by writers like Margaret Drabble, A.S. Byatt, Doris Lessing and Penelope Mortimer, which depicted sexually passive housewives often on the verge of nervous breakdowns. Murdoch`s female characters share many attributes in common with the women represented by all of these other writers and, perhaps in the same way, Murdoch used the motif of women`s sexual experience to comment on a societal double standard. When exploring this she particularly draws attention to the loss of virginity and its connection with morality. This article deals with the issue of how society`s expectations of female purity can lead to mental illness and the ways in which Murdoch reflected and judged this in her writing.
7,400
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This study examines the ongoing hegemony of Orientalism and its “internal consistency” in the representation of Cleopatra. The Western image of Cleopatra so far has been the most celebrated stereotype of the ``goddess`` and the ``whore.`` Cleopatra is understood not only as a powerful and strategic sovereign but also as a seductive femme fatale who caused Antony`s fall. This ambivalence of the ``goddess`` and ``whore`` observed in the figure of Cleopatra originates from Shakespeare`s Antony and Cleopatra. Although many artists and writers after Shakespeare have created a variety of Cleopatras, interestingly, her images oscillate between the ``goddess`` and the ``whore`` from Shakespeare`s ambivalent representation. And such a dichotomous representational system is closely interlocked with the discourse of Orientalism. Based on the mechanism of discursive practice in Said`s terms of “narrative” and “vision” or “manifest Orientalism” and “latent Orientalism,” this study investigates a seemingly subversive representation of the queen in the musical Kleopatra, and its possibility to develop into a counter-discourse against the Cleopatra myth. The findings from this comparative and diachronic study suggest that the hegemony of Orientalism consistently functions in the deep structure, with surface variations only, in the matter of representation of the Oriental beauty.

Redefining Self and Others in the Works of Two Francophone Women Writers

( Tzu Shiow Chuang )
8,000
초록보기
The image of Algeria emerges as a female body dominated by Algerian patriarchs and French colonizers in The Words to Say It by Marie Cardinal and So Vast the Prison by Assia Djebar. Cardinal`s novel tells the story of an Algerian-born French woman undergoing psychotherapy for her madness, which derives from various wounds suppressed in her unconsciousness, wounds generated by the sociopolitical constraints on the female body sexualized in relation to men and particularly by the bloodshed during the Algerian War of Independence. Similar to pied-noir Marie Cardinal, native Algerian Assia Djebar focuses on the awakening of bodily responses in Muslim women to patriarchal domination in Islamic society. From exploring the female protagonist`s memory of her unfulfilled love affair to critically attacking the terror of Algerian civil unrest, Djebar highlights the significance of female corporeality as a counter- discourse against Islamist monolithic ideology, thus re-inscribing the life of women from the present and the past into Algerian realities. Both writers focus on the awakening of women`s bodily responses to male oppression in authoritarian culture. This study examines how their writings create a bodily discourse that creates a new female self- awareness related to language and history.
6,300
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This essay analyzes May Welland in Edith Wharton`s The Age of Innocence (1920). Although May plays a minor role in the novel, the reader recognizes her major influence in her husband`s life even after her death. May`s enigmatic nature also gives rise to critics` contradictory views on May as a victor and victim of the patriarchal system. While exploring these contradictory views on May and demystifying the American Girl`s “innocence,” this essay attempts to transform the contradiction into the complexities of paradox. In approaching the paradoxical traits that May holds, I suggest uncovering the feminine that is deeply buried in her with the help of the insights provided by the analytical psychology of Carl Jung and his followers. I conclude the happy marriage and domestic bliss that May achieves are paradoxical because her marriage cannot be a model of matrimonial happiness or companionship.
7,100
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In Howards End (1910), E. M. Forster carries out a highly nuanced exploration of gender relations to highlight the conflicting ideas of liberalism and materialism of the upper-middle classes in England in the years before World War I. Such readings are predicated on classical gender opposition. However, clear-cut gender division seems unsettling and hence somewhat crude because the reader is repeatedly baffled by the novel`s out-of-character gender performances, which not only defy but transcend established gender expectations. In Howards End, all major characters seem to be overshadowed by some kind of performative failure in their inability to fully realize gender roles as well as to adequately fulfill gender expectations. This paper aims to verify through textual evidence whether or not performative failure actually manifests hidden anxieties concealed behind a novel written immediately preceding Forster`s final confirmation of his own sexual identity. It also attempts to show how the anxieties have been disguised, transformed, or overlaid in more public statements about conventional issues of courtship and marriage in the novel. In other words, Howards End may prove to be only deceptively conventional and a key to unfolding Foster`s secret desire.

Bodies of Knowledge: Fat Studies, Fat Stigma, and Citizenship in U.S. Media Culture

( Dana Heller )
6,500
초록보기
This essay explores the representation of the fat female body in contemporary U.S. media culture. It argues that the burgeoning interdiscipline of fat studies-as well as media images of fat women -have emerged as salient flashpoints for debate about gender, sexuality, race, ethnicity, class, and the proper parameters of citizenship. In the iconography of the mass media, the fat woman has long functioned as a site of palpable public anxiety about changes in the gendered social economy and the citizenship contract. However, some media texts challenge the stigma that is associated with fat. This essay discusses two of these texts, the television series Ugly Betty and the John Waters filmHairspray, to argue that the recent establishment of fat studies, and the positive resignification of fat women in U.S. popular culture, provides literary and media scholars with a unique opportunity to track the emergence of a new burgeoning “body” of knowledge regarding the meaning of citizenship.
7,300
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This paper investigates how the metonymic style in Stein`s writings undoes the binary oppositional logic and how the idea of difference can be conceived in this linguistic wandering upon a surface unattached to ideal meaning as the prescription for an intelligible, “proper,” or even heterosexist writing. The works under analysis include “Melanctha,” “Lifting Belly,” Tender Buttons, and “As a Wife Has a Cow.” Utilizing Lacan`s association of metaphor with repression and metonymy with desire, I argue that Stein`s metonymic style demonstrates the impossibility of realizing the object of desire. This triggers the metonymic chain of displacement, which ensures that each signifier has the infinite freedom of connections and associations that is denied to metaphor. Also, Stein`s fixation on repetition as “beginning again and again and again” ties in with Deleuze`s concept of repetition and difference. Derrida`s critique of metaphor and its metaphysical underpinnings are also included in my examination of Stein`s anti-representational or anti-mimetic writings.
6,900
초록보기
This essay investigates Marco Polo`s treatment of sexuality by drawing upon ethnographic discourse on polyandryas a way to theorize the construction and organization of a community. In particular, it focuses on the connection between Polo`s accounts of polyandrous relations and arrangements in Tibet and southwestern China, where multiple men share a woman, and his understanding of patriarchy at large in the Travels. The patriarchal household and its domestic arrangements fundamentally inform Polo`s conceptualization of society as an established order and an organization of power relations. As a documentation of the historical ways of life of certain peoples in Central Asia, Polo`s descriptions are important as ethnographic writings. While the radical otherness of polyandry challenges the boundaries of conventional patriarchy in known major civilizations, Polo also attempts to make sense of polyandry within the framework of patriarchy. As my essay examines patriarchy as the underlying condition for sexuality in Polo`s writing, it meditates on the centrality of the household for radical social change and the emergence of a new political order.
6,300
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In Mrs. Dalloway, Woolf`s protagonist disrupts notions of the real and unreal, inverting time through the vehicle of memory. In her narrative, Clarissa breaks traditional structures of masculine time and linear narrative by remembering and invoking. She embodies performances of mother, daughter, sister, wife, and hostess. However, her multitude of performances do not cement an identity that “sticks,” but rather reinforce her incapability, or refusal, to fully occupy any one role that is expected of her. Clarissa`s female body, her memories, and “ghost” bodies trouble the concept of feminine identity. Woolf thus presents a character who performs a plurality of identities in queered time and spaces; within each identity category are gaps that allude to the possibility of nonidentity. These unresolved spaces manifest what supposedly should not, and cannot, exist in the forms of real and unreal bodies. Thus, Clarissa as all-identities and nonidentity opens up possibilities for the female body, sexuality, and feminine identity. Ultimately, she does not resolve her problematic position in a masculine economic sphere, which ensues in a self deconstruction (and reformulating) of identities. In effect, Clarissa Others her body, or bodies, emerging as a true flesh-and-blood ghost. Her performances suggest possibilities for a universal feminine figure, or a figure of feminine writing embodied.

Growing-up Drag: Cross-Dressed Heroines in Young Adult Fiction

( Vandana Saxena )
7,900
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Cross-dressing complicates the gender and sexual ambiguities already underwrite the process of adolescent growth and development. The cross-dressed warrior girls in Young Adult fiction-in Tamora Pierce`s series, The Song of the Lioness and Terry Prachett`s novel Monstrous Regiment-offer an interesting literary study as their transgendering opens a space to critique the cultural divisions along the female/male as well as homo/hetero axis. Boyhood and girlhood emerge as socially and culturally encoded performances rather than rigid identity categories. Despite the heteronormative trajectory of growth, the crossdressed heroines disrupt the naturalization of the growth as heterosexual and gendered. Adolescence becomes a fantastic space and time where the established codes of gender and sexuality are defamiliarized and hybridized.
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