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논문검색은 역시 페이퍼서치

영미문학페미니즘검색

Feminist Stidies in English Literature


  • - 주제 : 어문학분야 > 영문학
  • - 성격 : 학술지
  • - 간기: 연3회
  • - 국내 등재 : KCI 등재
  • - 해외 등재 : -
  • - ISSN : 1226-9689
  • - 간행물명 변경 사항 :
논문제목
수록 범위 : 23권 1호 (2015)
초록보기
This paper examines the literary, cultural, and pedagogic achievements of Ann and Jane Taylor in their generic development of moral and religious verse writing for children. Examining representative works from their Hymns for Infant Minds (1810) and comparing them with Divine Songs Attempted in Easy Language for the Use of Children (1715) by Isaac Watts (1674-1748), the only significant antecedent for children’s hymnody before the Taylors, this paper argues that the sisters’ Romantic-era sympathetic perceptions of the child and child-centred philosophy led them to innovate on the hymnic form in progressive pedagogical ways. In terms of content, they displayed psychological sensitivity by endeavoring to explain difficult ideas gently and rationally; filial duty is explained as a response to parental love, “naughty” behavior is explained as potentially hurting those who care about us, and a contrite heart provides a way back to acceptance and love. In terms of style, they developed effective new narratological techniques in their replication of childlike tones and thinking, and the development of a “good” child speaker who teaches by example encouraging the child reader rather than frightening it with warnings of hellfire and eternal punishment.
7,000
초록보기
The disenfranchised grief of a birthmother is one of the most significant themes in Tammy Chu’s Resilience (2009). Disrupting the narrative tradition, this film, unconventionally and most compellingly, centers on a birthmother, Myung-ja Noh, and endows her with narrative mobility to speak about her experience of adoption loss and the unresolved grief resulting from the bereavement. By grafting Kenneth J. Doka’s concept of disenfranchised grief with adoption/trauma theory, which provides a valuable framework for analyzing Resilience in terms of loss and birthmother trauma, this study explores the following issues. First of all, it scrutinizes and deconstructs the commonly misconceived myths about birthmothers, which are, for the most part, generated and contextualized by patriarchal norms. Also, this article reconstructs the story of the birthmother with the truths derived from the voices of Myung-ja, her mother, and her aunt. Last but not least, this paper examines the trajectory of the birthmother’s transformation from a disempowered victim to an empowered subjectivity.

Mongrel Poethics: Harryette Mullen`s Sleeping with the Dictionary

( Robert Grotjohn )
7,000
초록보기
Harryette Mullen writes out of a problematized or mongrelized lineage of black writing. Her exploratory, miscegenated aesthetic in Sleeping with the Dictionary (2002) creates a kind of “poethic” as theorized by Joan Retallack. A poethics creates a conspiracy with the reader against hegemonic discourses. Mullen’s poethic opposes American fundamentalism, and her poems create vital, complex engagements with the contemporary world. She critiques rejection of difference. She subverts neoliberal discourses. She highlights the politics of conventional statements embedded in Althusserian ISAs. By forcing examination of the ideologies underlying everyday language, Mullen encourages an everyday poethics for an engaged and questioning form of life.

The Little Memsahib and the Idealized Domestic Empire in Frances Hodgson Burnett`s A Little Princess

( Eun-hae Kim ) , ( Ji-eun Kim )
6,900
초록보기
Frances Hodgson Burnett’s A Little Princess (1905) focuses on the often neglected daughter’s role and how she contributes to British imperial culture in the late nineteenth to early twentieth century. While various scholars have presented postcolonial critiques of A Little Princess, not much critical attention has been paid to the figure of the memsahib and how it influences the identity of the protagonist, Sara Crewe. When Ram Dass confers on Sara the position of “Missee Sahib,” or a little version of the memsahib, he attaches to the eleven-year-old girl a complicated position of gendered colonial authority. A tension emerges, then, between the historically troubling character of the memsahib and the fantastical character of the fairy-tale-like princess. This paper argues that this tension disappears by the novel’s conclusion because Sara as the little memsahib is reshaped into a fantastical and benevolent princess figure to govern the ideal domestic empire. We begin by examining the genre of children’s literature and how the colony serves as a device to construct the more fantastical plot elements. We proceed to consider the crucial role of the servants in making Sara into an authority figure, and finally, we problematize the novel’s happy ending in which the issues of race, class, and empire are foreclosed.

Sympathy and Indeterminacy in Toni Morrison`s "Recitatif"

( Mie Hyeon Kim )
7,400
초록보기
Toni Morrison’s sole short story, “Recitatif,” is, in her own words, “an experiment in the removal of all racial codes from a narrative about two characters of different races for whom racial identity is crucial.” The challenge intended for the reader provides an opportunity to examine the moral self-reflective movement in sympathy, which is the main theme of the work as well as a drive for the reader’s engagement with the work. The argument of this paper starts from the view that morality is not reducible to rules of abstract universality or norms of prescriptive social value and that the subject inaugurates its reflexivity and ethical agency in the context of an enabling and limiting field of constraints in relation to a set of imposed norms and in relation to other subjects. Morality involves an acting subject, and the movement, act, or change takes place in self-reflection. As Adam Smith and Judith Butler argue, our self-reflection in ethical deliberation is facilitated in the interlocutory scene in which we are engaged in a dialogue with another whether internalized or existing. Morrison in this work shows that the desire or willingness to be engaged in a dialogue with another becomes the structural conditions for calling into question the truth of myself and my ability to tell the truth about myself and that such self-reflection is driven in the emotional closeness and mutual understanding between the two parties. While the two main characters build such a relationship, it also leads to their sympathy with a distant other. With its indeterminacy and ambiguity, Morrison also places this work in the social space or interlocutory situation created between her text and the reader. The feelings of sympathy that Morrison evokes in “Recitatif” serve as a call for moral self-reflection and inspire action not merely in matters of race. Sympathy, with its potential rooted in reciprocity and imagination, provides room for reflecting on and calling into question the truth of oneself, and the creative impulse in imagination activated in the communicative situation can propel a movement toward unknown others and indeterminate future.

The Negative Flaneuse in Jean Rhys`s Voyage in the Dark

( Hyung Ju Park )
6,600
초록보기
This paper examines Jean Rhys’s negative flaneuse and how it is embodied in Voyage in the Dark. Rhys explores the physical and psychological experiences of marginal urban women. Rhys describes how they are driven to position themselves as sexual commodities due to their deplorable conditions, while also addressing the fear in urban spaces experienced by her abject flaneuse. As a Creole immigrant and a chorus-girl, Anna Morgan in Voyage is exiled culturally and sexually. She is labeled as the embodiment of Creole laxity and is marked as a tart and a prostitute even before she enters prostitution. Anna slides into seduction and is degraded into poverty, drunkenness, and inept prostitution with neither the determination nor the resoluteness to prevent it. Anna is circulated as a sexual commodity through consumerist society by the insatiable longings of men and her own desires. Rhys depicts Anna’s fear, disgust, victimization, loss, and pain in her hallucinations. Rhys emphasizes the city’s hostility to women, which drives them into self-destructive ways such as drinking alcohol, sleeping with a chain of men, having an abortion, and succumbing to hysteria.
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