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논문검색은 역시 페이퍼서치

영미문학페미니즘검색

Feminist Stidies in English Literature


  • - 주제 : 어문학분야 > 영문학
  • - 성격 : 학술지
  • - 간기: 연3회
  • - 국내 등재 : KCI 등재
  • - 해외 등재 : -
  • - ISSN : 1226-9689
  • - 간행물명 변경 사항 :
논문제목
수록 범위 : 25권 3호 (2017)

Dissenting Pessimism in Anna Letitia Barbauld’s Radical Writing

( Sunghyun Jang )
6,900
초록보기
This paper attempts to identify the sources of Anna L. Barbauld’s pessimistic vision of the future Britain, which distinguishes her from her fellow Dissenters, especially Joseph Priestley. A millennialist outlook on history pervades Priestley’s An Essay on the First Principles of Government (1768), a defense of the rights of Dissenters, and his 1788 sermon on the slave trade. Here Priestley’s commitment to radical causes is based on the assumption that the course of human history is progressive―that even social evils of slavery and religious discrimination are part of the process by which the human race is progressing towards a free, just society under God’s providence. Barbauld, however, departs from an optimistic view of history held by her co-religionists. Her engagement with issues of Dissent, An Address to the Opposers of the Repeal of the Corporation and Test Acts (1790), is full of unwomanly rage at an infringement of Dissenters’ civil rights, which seemed to her a betrayal of the ideals of liberty that the British had upheld. Her Epistle to William Wilberforce (1791) also unleashes fury at the appalling state of moral decay in her country. In the poet’s judgment, Britain is doomed to self-destruction by not abandoning slavery and hence extinguishing the spirit of liberty. Barbauld’s break with the mainstream of Dissenting thought, i.e., her apocalyptic vision of the nation’s decline and fall, becomes more evident in Eighteen Hundred and Eleven (1812). As a liberal Dissenter, Barbauld had a firm belief in the idea of individual liberty and so found herself despairing of the political state of Britain, which gradually distanced her from Dissenting millenarianism. This distance made her political writing truly radical.
7,200
초록보기
Chaucer’s Physician’s Tale addresses the issues of female victimization and battered women’s agency in medieval law and in particular the statute of 1382 authorizing a woman’s paternal guardians to appeal the crime of sexual assault and abduction regardless of the woman’s consent. Chaucer draws on these legal issues in revising Livy’s story of alleged abduction of Virginia and the threat of rape. My paper compares different versions of the story of Virginia and shows how Virginia in the Physician’s Tale resists easy categorization as either an incapacitated victim or a traditional legal subject. By exploiting popular complaints against the legal profession and the confusion of legal terms defining abduction and rape, Chaucer’s revision draws attention to a woman’s subtle resistance to violence, which is ignored by her father’s legal intervention to protect her honor. She demands remedies for the threat of rape. Knowing that she cannot pursue legal action, she consents to her own death at her father’s hand to participate in his resistance against the corrupt judge. However, the significance of her agency diminishes in the court when she is victimized by her father who presents her dead body as evidence of the judge’s lechery.
6,700
초록보기
The American Revolution and the subsequent establishment of the Republic provided the paradigm change needed for viewing people as equal not only for the male revolutionaries but also women of the era. The exclusion of women from citizenship presented an opportunity to promote proto-feminist ideology among female intellectuals. In order to disguise their political ambitions, women intellectuals created the Republican Mother, which camouflaged female education and intellectuality with a less threatening cloak by confining education to the service of domesticity. Judith Sargent Murray, as one of the outstanding female intellectuals of the period, initially adopted performativity as a resistance tactic to hide feminist ambitions, and she used it within her essays with different techniques such as hiding the meaning between the lines and contradicting her sharp argument by reproducing stereotypical public man and private woman binaries. The work of Murray and the Republican Mothers helped to dismantle a more than two thousand-year-old tradition of excluding women from the political sphere, and it helped build a foundation for women’s enfranchisement a century later.
6,200
초록보기
Compared to first and third person narration, second-person narration has held a less frequent presence within modern prose fiction. Due to its rare occurrence, scholars have given it little critical attention. It was not until the early 1990s that second-person narration came to be recognized and discussed by critics in more extensive ways. A distinctive feature of the second-person voice that differentiates it from other modes of narration is that it creates a peculiar kind of experience for the reader. It invites active reader involvement by making the reader feel as if being addressed. Drawing upon the insights of recent critical work on second-person voice and its impact on the way the reader comes to relate to the story's character, this essay examines how second-person narration in Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie's short story, "The Thing Around Your Neck," offers an innovative means for exploring the precarious nature of contemporary migratory life experienced by women in the Nigerian diaspora. I argue that the intimacy of second-person narration allows the reader to closely engage with the female migrant's affective state and internal struggles. In "The Thing Around Your Neck," the text emerges as a powerful medium through which the reader is able to connect with a figure that holds a rather invisible and highly marginalized place in society.

Eroticizing Trauma in Margurite Duras’s The Lover

( Hyun-joo Yoo )
7,400
초록보기
Marguerite Duras’s The Lover is based on a semi-autobiographical story about illicit sensual desire and a sexual liaison between a French girl and a wealthy Chinese man, set in French colonial Saigon during the late 1920s. The narrator transforms the act of prostitution, which must have been a dehumanizing, unbearable, and humiliating experience for the young girl, into an empowering one. By revealing her past, however painful it may be, the narrator eroticizes, not traumatizes, her illicit and scandalous liaison with a Chinese man in The Lover, which subverts the traditional view of a sexually victimized woman, and enhances her present strength. Tracing back through the traumatized period, with a heavy emphasis on female sexuality and the erotic, the narrator reconstructs her past adolescent self as one with rebellious and transgressive power, who can break from her family’s constraints and conventions, and be liberated from the harsh realities of poverty, prostitution, and the patriarchal order of French colonial society. In this way, the narrator transforms her traumatized past self, who was dispossessed of pleasure, voice, and identity, into the desiring subject through her fictional autobiographical writing.
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