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논문검색은 역시 페이퍼서치

인문논총검색

Seoul National University the Journal of Humanites


  • - 주제 : 인문과학분야 > 기타(인문과학)
  • - 성격 : 학술지
  • - 간기: 계간
  • - 국내 등재 : KCI 등재
  • - 해외 등재 : -
  • - ISSN : 1598-3021
  • - 간행물명 변경 사항 :
논문제목
수록 범위 : 8권 0호 (1982)
5,300
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1. The specialty of a local culttire is determined by history, geographical environment and orally transmitted folk tales of the region. A geographical area which has cultural similarities could be called a cultural area, for example, the Seoul Cultural Area, the Andong Cultural Area and so on. 2. This article is to find out some cultural specialty of Chongju region in Choongbuk Province, through studying folk tales of the region. There are many relics and remains of the period of Three Kingdoms since the region was once an arena of heavy competition among the Three Kingdoms. Famous are the mountain fortresses among them. And there are many folk tales related with these fortresses. 3. In this paper the folk tales related with the mountain fortresses are called "hill-fort legends". Among them a tale of "A Brother and Sister`s Hard Effort", which is about a mountain`s Goddess and her son, a heroic Hcrcules, is selected out and studied intensively since it is a good source for studying a myth. 4. Some folk tales of other regions were also distributed in this area with some revision. They were changed in a way to fit to history and the customs of this region. So we could designate Chongju area a a special region in terms of folk tale. This article is an extensive study of library research and orally transmitted tales, giving special attention to the abovementioned characteristics.

선적(線的)인 진전: 예이츠의 후기시(後期詩) -「비잔티움 항해」를 중심으로

황동규 ( Tong Gyu Hwang )
5,900
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"Sailing to Byzantium" has long been interpreted as a quest for a resting place in the "artifice of eternity". As an "artifice of eternity for soul" piece, however, it occupies an uncomfortable place among Yeats`s later poems. "Among School Children" (which preceded it) and "A Dialogue of Self and Soul" (which follows it), for instance, are the poems of the "self", and their key motif is "Labour is blossoming or dancing where/The body is not bruised to pleasure soul" (Among School Children). Close reading reveals that the word "soul" takes two distinct meanings in those poems. The most illuminating example shows itself in "A Dialogue of Self and Soul" when Self, after Soul`s exit, speaks in monologue that he will gladly endure again the agony that he should suffer "if he woos/A proud woman not kindred of his soul" (my italics). Here Yeats (or the speaker) uses the word "soul" not as a spiritual entity but as the essence of the self. In "Sailing to Byzantium" the "soul" unawares changes itself into "I". Till the end of the penultimate stanza much attention has been given to the soul, which demands the subject of the last stanza to be "my soul``, instead of "I". But the stanza begins: Once out of nature I shall never take My bodily form from any natural thing... The change of the soul to "I`` in the poem symbolically heralds the later Yeats whose main concern is "I", not the soul. Seen in this perspective, the progress of Yeats in his later poetry is not dialectic (as some critics assert) but linear, and "Sailing to Byzantium" occupies the center comfortably among the poems of The Tower and The Winding Stair and Other Poems.

문예학(文藝學)과 문학비평(文學批評)

송동준 ( Dong Zun Song )
5,500
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Ich bin davon ausgegangen, daΒ es mit der Literaturwissenschaft anders bestellt ist als mit den sonstigen Wissenschaften, bei denen die Subjektivitat des Betrachters so weit wie moglich ausgeschlossen wird. In der Literaturwiss ensehaft spielt gerade der unwissenschaftliche Faktor dieser Subjektivitat eine entscheidende Rolle. Emil Staiger sagt: "Wir begreifen, was uns ergreift, das ist das eigentliche Ziel der Literaturwissenschaft". Diese vielumstrittene Behauptung ist trotz ihrer gewagten Formulierung im Grunde doch gerecht. Sowohl Sartres "Apell an die Freiheit des Lesers" als auch die rezeptionsasthetischen Theorien von R. Ingarden, R. JauΒ und W. Iser setzen auch die Subjektivitat des Lesers voraus. Die schopferische Kraft des Lesers ist eine Naturgabe wie kunstlerische Begabung. Sie kann weder erworben noch ersetzt werden, falls sie nicht vorhanden ist. Sie kann nur vielfach gebildet werden, falls sie vorhanden ist. Sie weist einen irrationalen Charakter auf. Dies habe ich bei den Literaturtheoritikern wie F. Schlegel, Benedetto Groce und E.R. Curtius festgestellt. Das literarische Werk, Gegenstand der Literaturwissenschaft, enthalt irrationale Momente, die sich eher an Gefuhl und Einbildungskraft des Lesers richtet als an dessen Verstand. Dies zeigt sich vor allem in der literarischen Sprache. Sie ist nicht bloΒ Mittel, einen vorgegebenen Inhalt zu zeichnen. Sie tragt dazu bei, mit ihrem Korper wie Klang, Thythmus und Form selber den Inhalt zu schaffen. Sie hat das Vermogen, ihre eigene Gegenstandlichkeit hervorzurufen. Ohne das mitfuhlende, intuitive Vermogen, diese besondere Wirkung der literarischen Sprache herauszuspuren, kann man sich unmoglich mit der Literaturwissenschaft befassen. Die Einheit von Form und Inhalt im literarischen Werk geht im Grunde auf dieses besondere Vermogen der literarischen Sprache zuruek. Die Autonomie des literarischen Werks laΒt sich auch daraus erklaren, weil es erst als eine in sich geschlossene asthetische Sprachstruktur sein eigenes Leben fuhrt. Diese Autonomie wird sogar in der marxistischen Literatursoziologie, die die Literatur als Spiegel des sozialen Seins betrachtet, nicht ganz abgewiesen. Das hermeneutische Verfahren gilt als das typische Beispiel, das literarische Werk seiner asthetischen Sprachstruktur entsprechend zu interpretieren. Im zweiten Teil habe ich versucht, Literaturwissenschaft und Literaturkritik auseinanderzuhalten. Bei Herder und Fr. Schlegel wurden die beiden Begriffe synonym gebraucht. Aber heute werden sie getrennt verwendet, Die Literaturkritik wurde wegen ihrer beurteilend-bewertenden Funktion im Laufe der Zeit aus der akademischen Beschaftigung der Literaturprofessoren ausgeschlossen. Sie beschrankt sich heute fast auf die Zeitungen, wo die literarischen Neuerseheinungen kurz besprochen werden. Aber sie verrmag trotzdem das Verstandnis des Publikums uber literarische Neuerscheinungen in eine bestimmte Richtung zu lenken. Sie schlagt Brucken vom Ubernommenen zum Neuen, von der Vergangenheit zur Gegenwart. Deswegen arbeitet sie eigentlich der Literaturwissenschaft vor. Literaturwissenschaft und Literaturkritik konnen zu ihrem beiden Vorteil zusammenarbeiten. Im dritten Teil bin ich auf das Wertungsproblem eingegangen. Die Wertung der Literatur hangt vom Kriterium der Wertung ab. Z.B. wurde die literarische Bewegung "l`art pour 1`art "von Lukacs und Adorno ganz anders bewertet, weil ihre Wertungskriterien ganz anders waren. Wenn man sich an den Relativismus der Wertung halt, gerat man in die Gefahr des Historismus. Darum soll der Standpunkt der Literaturwertung auf der Gegenwart basieren. Die Wertung des literarischen Werks andert sich je nach der Zeit nicht so radikal, wie man glaubt. Denn beim guten Werk dominiert der unveranderliche, allgemein-menschliche Wert. Dies konnen wir bei Shakespeare sowie Goethe feststellen. Eliot behauptet, daΒ der Kritiker das Literarische der Literatur und deren GroΒe unterscheiden und das Literarische nach den asthetischen Kriterien und die GroΒe nach den auΒerliterarischen beurteilen soll. Nach B. Lindner ist der asthetische Wart nicht anders als "dynamisch-komplexe Organisierung der auΒerliterarischen Werte". Bei den russischen Formalisten gilt die formale Neuheit als Wertungskriterium. Indem ich all diese Wertungskriterien erorterte, wollte ich sowohl Moglichkeiten als auch Problematik der literarischen Wertung zeigen.
6,700
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독일 중세문학에는 전쟁을 테마로 한 작품들이 수없이 많다. 시대적 현실이 군웅할거를 가능케했고 정치무대에서는 뭇 영웅호걸들의 부침을 연출했다. 현실이 이토록 혼잡스럽고 암울하면 할 수록 이에 비례해서 이 상황을 극복하려는 인간의 소망들은 더욱 더 환상적이고 이상적인 세계로 경도될 수가 있는 법이다. 특히 중세문학 속에는 이러한 경향이 두드러진다. 아루투스 왕의 전설을 소재로 하고 있는 궁정 기사 소설은 그 좋은 전형이라 하겠다. 이 논문에서 다루고 있는 작품 Veldeke의 Eneide와 Wolfram의 Willehalm은 장르적으로는 상기 부류에는 속하지 않지만, 기본정신은 바로 그런 방향으로의 문학적 송화의 단면을 표출하고 있다. 이런 의미에서 이 두 작품의 핵심을 이루고 있는 줄거리들을 전쟁이라는 테마에 집약시켜서 그 전개과정을 분석하고 문학적 묘사양태를 서로 비교해서 그 특징의 소재를 본 논문은 밝혀주려고 한다. 결국 역사적 사실을 소재로 하기 마련인 역사소설 조차도 여기서는 역사적 현실의 사실적 묘사라기 보다는 오히려 문학적 승화과정을 통해서 현실의 이성화 즉 다분히 환상적 현실을 소박하게 추구하고 있다는 결론에 이르게 된다. 모티브적 관점에서도 전쟁이란, 아루투스 기사의 개인적 무용담과는 그 성격을 달리하고 있지만, 세부적 묘사에 있어서는 의례히 무술시합(Turnier)에서 벌어지는 마상창시합처럼 단순화시켜서 양식화하고 있음을 알 수 있다. 프롯의 전개상 대두되는 시간성의 처리문제도 두 작품은 무리한 비약없이 대조적으로 잘 소화시키고 있는 점은 괄목할만 하다. Eneide에서의 시간적 형상화의 특징을 속계성 (Sukzession)이라고 요약할수 있다면 Willehalm의 그것은 한 마디로 동시성(Gleichzeitigkeit)이라고 규정할 수가 있겠다. 그 외 전투기술적인 면에 있어서는 다분히 양식화된 전형이 지배적이지만, 그래도 군대라는 조직체를 편제에 마추어 전략적으로 집결시켜 공세를 취하게 하는 장면묘사야말로 Willehalm의 겼우 그 치밀함에 있어서 중세문학의 일품을 이룬다고 해도 과언이 아니다. 나아가서 투쟁윤리 역시 신화적·종교적 갈등을 해소시키기 위해서 애정관계나 인도주의적 상황으로 승화시키고 있는 양상으로 보아도 결국 두 작품은 각기 자기 나름대로의 진가를 서로 다른 각도에서 구현시키고 있는 중세 독일 역사소설의 대표작임을 본 논문은 입증 해 주는 것이다.

Timaios편의 「필연」에 대한 Archer-Hind의 견해를 음미함

박홍규 ( Hong Kyu Park )
서울대학교 인문학연구원|인문논총  8권 0호, 1982 pp. 89-101 ( 총 13 pages)
5,300
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This paper intends to examine some opinion of Archer-Hind which are involved in his commantary on ``necessity`` of Plato`s Timaeus. His opinion is as fallows: There is a cardinal doctrine of Plato which means that the only source of mouvement is soul. Therefore there is not any resisting power in matter against uovs (reason). Necessity or errant cause is the forces of matter originated by vovs (reason), the total sum of physical laws which govern the material universe, the laws which govern in the form of plurality. All nature`s forces must follow their proper impulse according to the conditions in which they are for the time being. But within these laws we see that things do not always work for the best. That fact that necessity is persuaded by reason means, according to Archer-Hind, that necessity is a mode of the operation of intelligence. Archer-Hind also maintains that necessity is the errant cause and though nessecity is working stricktly in obedience to a certain law, it is for the most part not inscrutable to us as if it acted from arbitary caprice. The key point of Archer-Hind`s commantary is based on the supposition that the only source of movement is soul. This paper intends to refute this opinion. In Plato`s Timaeus there are two kinds of movement, the one is order-giving activity, the other is passive movement, and this passivity is origin of disorder. Necessity which is the errant cause is based on the passivity of things. For this reason the other opinions of Archer-Hind are easily refuted. The orignal meanig of necessity is contrary to contingence. The errant cause is necessary to the god who makes the world order, because both are connected as causes of the existence of world.

고고학(考古學)에 있어서 복원문제(復元問題) -이론적(理論的) 배경(背景)-

최몽룡 ( Mong Lyong Choi )
서울대학교 인문학연구원|인문논총  8권 0호, 1982 pp. 105-119 ( 총 15 pages)
5,500
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The goal of archaeology can be traditionally defined as ``the systematic study of antiquities as a means of reconstructing the past`` (Grahame Clark) and as ``the method of finding out about the past of the human race in its material aspect and the study of the product of this past`` (Kathleen Kenyon) forming culture-historical point of view whose thoretical background lies in the chronological order and the specific description of culture events. But the recent trend of archaeological study has been changed since Lewis Binford had proposed so-called ``New Archaeology`` in 1960s whose theoretical background lies in the revelation and explanation of cultural process, and the general systems theory with the help of logico-deductive reasoning and computer-based simulation. As Gordon Willey mentioned earlier, ``American archaeology is anthropology or it is nothing`` which means that American archaeology is one kind of social science like anthropology. The reconstruction of the human past can be achieved not only from the establishment of chronological order and specific description of cultural events, but also from the explanation of cultural process and the fossilized behavior patterns of the human race shown as a result of human adaptation to physical environment and biota forming large ecosystem. Either do we apply ``direct historical approach``, ``ethnographic analogy`` or ``microenvironment approach`` or any kind of new method to the reconstruction of the human past, the real goal of archaeology should be formed from the synthesizing, cumparision and interpretation of various aspects of culture traits. Recently we use any kind of method for archaeological data regardless of new or old Schools.
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Education and research in the humanities have been badly neglected in the universities in Korea in recent decades. The effect is being felt in the wide-spreading mindlessness noticeable both within the university community and in the society as a whole. Political education or ideological education, much talked about these days, is meaningless if not ground in the humanistic tradition. Yet there seems to be little awareness of the vital connection between the two. The humanities were neglected because of the tremendous premium this country has been placing on the need for rapid economic growth. Any field not directly contributing to material production or social organization was bound to be relegated to the background. But the neglect is also attributable to a deplorable lack of understanding concerning the nature of humanistic disciplines and education. As a conclusion, this paper emphasizes the need to reexamine the state of the humanities and general education at the national level, and to put in the necesary resources, both financial and human. In particular, it urges the need to revise the existing curricula at all levels of education including the university and strengthen the library resources.
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