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논문검색은 역시 페이퍼서치

자원·환경경제연구검색

Environmental and Resource Economics Review


  • - 주제 : 사회과학분야 > 경제학
  • - 성격 : 학술지
  • - 간기: 계간
  • - 국내 등재 : KCI 등재
  • - 해외 등재 : -
  • - ISSN : 1229-9146
  • - 간행물명 변경 사항 :
논문제목
수록 범위 : 10권 2호 (2001)

한국 제조업의 에너지효율 향상평가

박희천(Hi Chun Park)
6,600
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초록보기
This study analyses the energy consumption increase by using a physical production index (PPI) based decomposition method. The energy efficiency of the Korean industry deteriorated to a large extent in the 1992 to 1997 period. This outcome, however, does not contradict the result of a previous study that the physical energy intensities (measured by energy use per production unit) decreased in four Korean energy intensive industries such as steel, cement, petrochemical and pulp and paper in the same period. Although the physical energy intensities in four industries considered decreased significantly, the energy efficiency of the Korean industry deteriorated because the increase in the value-added production was smaller than that in the physical production except for the steel industry. This outcome suggests that the reduction in the physical energy intensity alone will not result in reducing the economic energy intensity, thereby reducing the increase in the energy consumption of the Korean industry. Therefore, it necessitates to restructure the Korean industry towards a higher value-added production and to strengthen energy efficiency improvement efforts in the Korean industry. As the overinvestment in the energy intensive industries caused a deep price fall of Korean products and a reduction of the value added of the Korean industry and with it an increase in the economic energy intensity, a decrease in this intensity will highly depend on reducing the overcapacity in the energy intensive industries which was partly responsible for the currency and economic crisis of 1997.

누진요금제도에서의 가격 인식 : 가정용 상수도 수요 분석

김연배(Yeon Bae Kim),김태유(Tai Yoo Kim)
5,300
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초록보기
누진요금에서의 수요행위는 그 복잡성으로 인해 많은 논의를 불러 왔다. 그러한 논의 중 주요한 하나는 과연 소비자들이 한계가격에 반응하는가 아니면 평균가격에 반응하는가이다. 본 연구에서 우리는 서울시 가정용 상수도 수요 자료를 사용하여 체증 누진요금에서의 가격인식 행동을 분석하였다. Shin (1985)의 방법론이 분석을 위하여 사용되었으며, 내생성 문제를 해결하기 위해 도구변수 추정법이 사용되었다. 분석 결과 서울의 경우에는 소비자들이 한계가격보다는 평균가격에 반응함을 알 수 있었다.

온실가스 배출권거래제도 국내도입의 경제적 효과분석

조경엽(Gyeong Lyeob Cho),조용성(Yong Sung Cho),장현준(Hyun Joon Chang)
12,000
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초록보기
We compare impacts of different CO_2 abatement mechanisms using a CGE model. Focus is on the way the tradable permits are initially distributed for emissions trading, namely auction and grandfathering. For three major energy consuming industries (basic chemical, iron & steel and electricity) in Korea, emissions trading is clearly superior to individual CO_2 abatement, but auction and grandfathering show somewhat different patterns of impact. We show that depending on how the government uses the revenue from permit auction, auction may be preferable to grandfathering.

지역난방의 주택용 열소비행태 분석

김진형(Jin Hyung Kim)
5,900
키워드보기
초록보기
The use of district heating is expanding very rapidly in Korea. High population densities and the relatively cold winters make district heating an economically attractive option. About 8 percent of Korean houses are already using district heating and the government is seeking to aggressively expand this number. It has set a target of 15 percent of the residential heat market to be met by district heating in the year 2001. The main purpose of this paper is to analyze the consumption behavior of households using district heating. By pooling time-series and cross-sectional data for 12 apartment complexes in Seoul area, a single demand function is estimated and used to forecast the amounts of heat demanded by the individual households. The results shows that the level of consumption varies among households, depending on the non-economic factors such as the installation of individual metering equipment and the volume of apartment building. When individual metering equipment is installed, the level of annual heat consumption per household declines, on average, about 22.1 Mcal per square meters, which is equivalent to 834 won per square meter in terms of heating expenditures. In case that the apartment building was built in more than 6 stories, annual consumption level reduces additionally about 17.3 Mcal per square meters and, thus, save the expenditures by 649 Won per square meters, compared to the opposite case.

환경친화적 조세개편을 위한 용수부문 정부보조금 규모 분석

노상환(Sang Whan Lho),민동기(Dong Ki Min)
6,400
키워드보기
초록보기
As in other Asian countries, the Korean government provides direct subsidies to endeavors that are potentially harmful to the environment. The water sector is one of the main recipients of these subsidies. The total amount of estimated direct fiscal subsidies equals 2.200 trillion won; however, the comprehensive cost of the subsidies is estimated to be much greater because environmental and social costs were not considered in the initial calculation. Most of the fiscal direct subsidies in the water sector are subsidized to urban water areas. The percentage of fiscal direct subsidies in the urban water sector to the total fiscal direct subsidies is 79.68%, while the percentage of fiscal direct subsidies in the industrial water sector is only 4.92%. Since the ratio of fiscal direct subsidies in the industrial water sector is quite small, the negative impact of removing fiscal direct subsidies for the industrial sector may be trivial. If the Korean government cuts dowm the VAT or income tax rate while reducing several types of subsidies, it will be able to achieve a double dividend effect both on the economy and the environment.

최적위탁계약에 관한 연구

김남일(Nam Yll Kim),유승직(Seung Jick Yoo)
6,200
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초록보기
This paper investigates the optimal ratio of the ex post cost settled in the total cost paid to the facility-operating agent and the size of compensation for demand promotion efforts made by the trustee. We have extended McAfee and McMillan(1986)`s principal-agent model by incorporating incentives for the demand promotion efforts. We show that cost reducing effort is negatively related with the ratio of the ex post cost settled in the total cost. In addition, the optimal level of demand promotion effort is determined by the size of the compensation and the ratio of the ex post cost settled. A simulation study confirms our findings from a theoretical model.
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