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논문검색은 역시 페이퍼서치

자원·환경경제연구검색

Environmental and Resource Economics Review


  • - 주제 : 사회과학분야 > 경제학
  • - 성격 : 학술지
  • - 간기: 계간
  • - 국내 등재 : KCI 등재
  • - 해외 등재 : -
  • - ISSN : 1229-9146
  • - 간행물명 변경 사항 :
논문제목
수록 범위 : 10권 4호 (2001)

환경요인과 대서양 청어자원량과의 관계

(John M. Gates) , 조정희(Jung Hee Cho)
5,300
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대서양 청어는 바닷가재 어업에 있어 주요 미끼로서 사용되어지고 있고 해양 생태계내에서 다른 어류들의 먹이로서 중요한 위치를 차지하고 있다. 그러나 해양생태계의 환경적인 요소, 즉 해수면 온도, 플랑크톤량, 서식지 해저퇴적물 상태에 따라 자원이 민감하게 영향을 받는다. 특히 미성어의 단계에서는 낮은 해수 온도에대해 영향을 받기가 쉽다. 이 연구에서는 인공위성을 이용하여 측정된 해수면 온도와 2년생 가입자원의 상관관계를 분석하였다. 해수면 온도의 측정지역은 대서양 청어의 산란지역으로 한정하였다. 연구 결과 상관계수는 0.69로 나타났고 이는 어업자원의 변동성을 설명함에 있어 환경적인 요인이 중요하게 고려되어야 한다는 것을 의미한다.

항공기 소음기 주택가격에 미치는 영향

이성태(Sung Tae Lee),이광석(Kwang Suck Lee)
5,300
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본 연구는 항공기 소음이 주택가격에 미치는 영향을 헤도닉가격기법을 적용하여 분석하고자 하였다. 국제공항이 인천으로 이전하기 전 서울지방항공청장이 소음피해지역(제1종, 제2종 및 제3종)으로 고시한 김포공항 주변의 아파트 가격을 주요 분석 대상으로 하였다. 소음측정단위로는 세계민간항공기구가 권장하는 연속적 동등소음감지단위(Weight Equivalent Continuous Perceived Noise Level: WECPNL)를 사용하였다. 2000년도 여름에 매매된 총 220가구를 대상으로 아파트의 실질거래가격과 소음측정단위, 가구속성 및 지역관련 변수를 사용하여 헤도닉 방정식을 추정한 결과 소음변수를 비롯 아파트 평수 및 방의 개수를 나타내는 변수에 대한 계수의 추정치는 통계적으로 매우 유의적으로 나타났다. 분석대상지역에 있어 항공기 소음의 한계내포가격은 평균 마이너스 340여 만 원으로 추정되었다. 이 추정치는 다시 말해 소음감지단위인 WECPNL이 한 단위 증가하게 되면 아파트의 평균매매 가격의 3.19%가 떨어지는 것을 의미하며 이 지역이 소음피해지역으로 고시되어 있는 상황을 매우 잘 나타내고 있었다.

에너지가격변화의 경제적 효과에 관한 연구

손양훈(Yang Hoon Sonn),김수덕(Su Duk Kim)
6,000
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We investigate a practical method of calculating the impact of multiple domestic energy price change on the final demand, production, the export and import change, the change in the balance of payment of Korean economy. By combining an existing computable general equilibrium (CGE) model with the traditional input-output analysis with two additional assumptions on the price behavior, we provide a cost-effective method of analyzing the impact of multiple energy price changes on the domestic economy. The energy price shock we used in this paper is 0.127% increase weighted by the sectoral productions. The total impacts on price level and GDP are 1.258% and -0.940%, respectively. The impact on the total output (GDP and intermediate goods) is about -1.580%.
7,200
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This paper introduces the least absolute deviations estimation of the contingent valuation model, which corresponds to the semi-parametric estimation of discrete choice models by Manski (1975, 1985) and Lee (1992). The least absolute deviations estimation is more robust to mis-specified distributional assumptions in the estimation of the contingent valuation model, compared to the maximum likelihood estimation. The full identification and strong consistency of the estimation are proved and its application to different formats of contingent valuation survey data is discussed. Simulation studies are designed to evaluate its operational characteristics including computational strategies, small sample properties and the efficiency gain of a follow-up question. The bias and efficiency of least absolute deviations and maximum likelihood estimation are compared in the presence of heteroskedasticity.
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This paper analyzed what kind of institutional scheme for domestic policy instruments to reduce GHG emissions are desirable for Korea in complying with the international efforts to mitigate climate change, by focusing on independent abatement (equivalent to the imposition of carbon tax) and domestic emission trading. It also examined the economic and environmental implications of recycling the government revenue created from implementation of those policies. By utilizing a dynamic CGE model, this study shows that the economic cost under independent abatement is projected to be higher than that under emission trading. It is because under independent abatement scheme each emitter in economy must meet its emission target regardless of the abatement cost. On the other hand, emission trading allows emitters to reduce the marginal cost of abatement through trading of emission permits. In designing future domestic policies and measure to address the climate change problem in Korea, therefore, this study proposes the introduction of domestic emission trading scheme as the main domestic policy instrument for GHG emission abatement. In terms of double dividend, in addition, this study shows that both independent abatement and emission trading schemes under various assumption on the revenue recycling may not generate the double dividend in Korea.
6,200
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We examine historical contributions of inter fuel substitution, changes in carbon efficiency and energy intensity, growth of economy and population to Korea`s CO_2 emissions from 1970 to 1998 using the log mean weight Divisia index method. The study reveals that economic growth is the most significant factor to CO_2 emissions growth among the five factors. Changes in the fuel substitution and carbon coefficient are found negative contributors to CO_2 emissions growth. Energy intensity, which played dominant role in halting CO_2 emissions growth in the 1980s, began to play reversed role in the 1990s. When evaluated with the log mean Divisia index technique, deterioration of energy intensity in the 1990s is found worse and expected to contribute CO_2 emissions growth further.
6,800
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For the past years, there had been some environmental cooperation among East Asian countries to reduce air pollution emissions from China. However, the progress of cooperation has been under developed because of lacking financial support, poor design of planning, and weak economic incentives for the industries. In this paper, some practical approaches have been suggested. First, electric trade to make Asian Grid among countries will be good alternatives for the fossil fuel, such as coal, for China. Secondly, natural gas pipeline from West China to Siberian pipeline would change the whole energy mix in this area around 2010, Therefore, it is very promising area for the energy industries to involve in gas project and get rid of many institutional barriers from China. Lastly, environmental industry is growing fast in East Asian. In China, waste treatment and management, air pollution control, and water quality management are some promising areas for the future. Hence it is desirable for Korea, Japan and China to make a eco-fund or company to boost up environmental technology as well as environmental market size.

비정태적 패널자료를 이용한 환경 쿠즈네츠가설에 대한 실증분석 - OECD 17 개국 사례분석 -

조상섭(Sang Sup Cho),강신원(Shin Won Kang),김동엽(Dong Yeub Kim)
5,500
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The purpose of this study is to test the Kuznets Hypothesis on the relationship between environmental pollution and economic growth by using the panel data. The major results of the study can be summarized threefold as follows. First, previous studies can pose the risk of spurious regression because of the nature of non-stationery of the data used. Second, the result of the co-integration test indicates that the emission of CO_2 and per capita income are co-integrated. Finally, according to the results of OLS and DOLS estimation, the turning point in this study is set in far higher level of per capita income compared with those in previous studies.
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