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논문검색은 역시 페이퍼서치

자원·환경경제연구검색

Environmental and Resource Economics Review


  • - 주제 : 사회과학분야 > 경제학
  • - 성격 : 학술지
  • - 간기: 계간
  • - 국내 등재 : KCI 등재
  • - 해외 등재 : -
  • - ISSN : 1229-9146
  • - 간행물명 변경 사항 :
논문제목
수록 범위 : 11권 3호 (2002)

환경규제와 기술제약 - 한국지역제조업을 중심으로 -

강상목(Sang Mok Kang),김온순(Uhn Soon Gim)
7,200
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The purpose of this paper is to measure the change of the production efficiency which may happen when environmental regulation incurs technological constraint in the process of production, and to compute the opportunity cost of pollution reduction with the lost products based on the change of efficiency. The patterns of production technoloy in the paper are divided into the technologies of strong disposability and weak disposability to grasp the effect of the technological constraint due to the environmental regulation. The endowment of the technological constraints in the process of production is considered to bring the greatest restriction on firm`s production. When the environmental efficiencies of Korean regional manufactures were measured with linear programming model, the lost products related with the constraint of production technology that environmental regulation incurred, was average 148.1 billion dollar per year(5.87% of one year overall products) for total manufactures in 1991∼1998. The ratio of the lost products for total products was spread from 0.78% to 11.08%. The average lost products of 15 regions were changed from 4.66% to 18.35% of total products. Generally the environmental efficiency index of regional manufactures being decreased continuously since 1991, it is estimated that the environmental performance of Korean manufactures has been more and more deteriorating.
6,100
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This paper investigates whether an inverted U relationship between pollution and economic development could be found in the Seoul metropolitan region using a panel data for the period of 1985∼1999. We uses a model with a more flexible random coefficients specification which allows for a greater degree of regional heterogeneity. The emissions of sulfur dioxidetotal(SO_2), suspended particulates(TSP), nitrogen dioxide(NO_2), and carbon monoxide(CO) were selected as four major pollutants. We found that the emissions of these pollutants per capita except sulfur dioxidetotal exhibited inverted U shapes with per capita gross regional domestic product (GRDP). We also noted that the turning points for Seoul metropolitan region occured at a range of incomes, from $3,000 to $5,000 per capita.

원유수입과 환율변동성

모수원(Soo Won Mo),김창범(Chang Beom Kim)
5,900
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This paper presents an empirical analysis of exchange rate volatility, petroleum`s import price and industrial production on petroleum imports. The GARCH framework is used to measure the exchange rate volatility. One of the most appealing features of the GARCH model is that it captures the volatility clustering phenomenon. We found one long-run relationship between petroleum imports, import price, industrial production, and exchange rate volatility using Johansen` s multivariate cointegration methodology. Since there exists a cointegrating vector, therefore, we employ an error correction model to examine the short-run dynamic linkage, finding that the exchange rate volatility performs a key role in the short-run. This paper also apply impulse-response functions to provide the dynamic responses of energy consumption to the exchange rate volatility. The results show that the response of energy consumption to exchange rate volatility declines at the first month and dies out very quickly.

상품차별화된 시장에서 배출권거래제도의 후생효과

박상하(Sang Ha Park),이상호(Sang Ho Lee)
7,300
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Due to its cost effectiveness, tradeable emission permits (TEP) system has been effectively used in the USA and many other advanced countries. But, academic many researchers have been argued that TEP system would not work as an efficient regulatory tools when there are imperfect competition in permits and/or products markets. Sartzetakis (1997), however, show that TEP system can serve as an effective environmental regulation under the certain demand/cost conditions even though duopolistic production market is not competitive. In this paper we extend Sartzetakis` s analysis into the differentiated products markets under the same cost conditions, and examine the relative efficiency of TEP system by comparing it with the command and control system. We then show that the main results of Sartzetakis can hold if two differentiated products markets have the symmetric demands. In particular, it is revealed that social welfare will be increased under TEP system even though consumer surplus may be decreased.

비모수 지역난방 수요예측모형

박주헌(Joo Heon Park)
5,800
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The heat demand prediction is an essential issue in management of district heating system. Without an accurate prediction through the lead-time period, it might be impossible to make a rational decision on many issues such as heat production scheduling and heat exchange among the plants which are very critical for the district heating company. The heat demand varies with the temperature as well as the time nonlinearly. And the parametric specification of the heat demand model would cause a misspecification bias in prediction. A nonparametric model for the short-term heat demand prediction has been developed as an alternative to avoiding the misspecification error and tested with the actual data. The prediction errors are reasonably small enough to use the model to predict a few hour ahead heat demand.

공공부문 자원재활용사업의 국민경제적 효과분석

곽승준(Seung Jun Kwak),유승훈(Seung Hoon Yoo),류문현(Mun Hyun Ryu)
6,800
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Korea is one of the countries which have a remarkable record of high and sustained economic growth. However, as the national economy has continued to grow and the industrial structure has become increasingly advanced, the amount of wastes being generated has been rapidly on the rise. recycling wastes to cope with the environmental problems caused by wastes has become an increasingly important policy issue in developing countries such as Korea, as well as in developed countries. This situation demands that researchers provide policy-makers with available and responsible information regarding the effect of the recycling industry in the public sector. This study employs input-output (I-O) analysis to examine the effect of public sector recycling industry in the national economy, using a specific application to Korea. The paper, therefore, has two major goals. The first is the development of a static I-O framework for looking into the effect of public sector recycling industry in the short run. The second goal is obtaining at_ least a preliminary indication of the effect of the recycling industry- in public sector. Moreover, we discuss the role of a public firm that established with an objective of promoting and facilitating the reutilization of recyclable wastes. The overall results indicate that the recycling utilities may have a significant influence on the standard of living and industrial production.

휘발유 가격결정과 유가 자유화정책에 관한 연구

손양훈(Yang Hoon Sonn),나인강(In Gang Na)
6,200
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This empirical study analyzed the policy effect of deregulation in oil product prices. To investigate the effect of deregulation, it is tested whether gasoline prices are determined by market power. Also, the role of government in gasoline tax system is investigated. The empirical analysis has been done by using error correction model. The major findings are as follows. First of all, no significant empirical evidence is found to support that the deregulation affects the determination of gasoline prices. Secondly, the short-term CIF elasticity is estimated to be 0.14. This finding implies that if CIF increases 10%, the gasoline prices increase 1.4%. Finally, the investigation on government role in deregulated market shows that the government has still exercise the power of control through the tax system. For example, the government is seemed to increase the gasoline price more than the increase amount caused by the international oil prices and the exchange rates, because of the intention to achieve the internal revenue increases and lead to gasoline conservation.
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